Archive

« 2017. #5 (137)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2017, 5 (137), 1097—1103

UDK 39(=161.2):664.64(477.81/.82­17)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2017.05.1097

TRADITIONAL BREAD MAKERRAW MATERIALS OF POLISCHUKS

Tsypyshev Serhij Ivanovych, Deputy Director of Scientific Work

at the Lviv Museum of Folk Architecture and Everyday Life

named after Clementiy Sheptytsky,

Chernecha Gora Str., 1, Lviv, 79014, Ukraine

Contacts: Tel. (068) 5259185; e-mail: museumlviv@gmail.com

Abstract. The paper deals with the issues concerned to the bread maker raw materials of Polissia inhabitants. Processes in which these raw materials are used are described. The special attention the author calls to the technological aspects of bread baking process. Customs and beliefs related to bakery are partly observed separately.

Keywords: breadmaker raw materials, Polissia, bread, fermentation, water, yeast, customs, beliefs.

Received 26.07.2017

REFERENCES

AA DNTsZKSTK. F. Berezne(VII—VIII)2013. Od. zb. C. Tsypyshev, AFD3.S.5/6.
AA DNTsZKSTK. F. Berezne(VII—VIII)2013. Od. zb. C. Tsypyshev, AFD4.S.3/11.
AA DNTsZKSTK. F. Berezne(VII—VIII)2013. Od. zb. C. Tsypyshev, AFD7.S.6/2.
AA DNTsZKSTK. F. Berezne(VII—VIII)2013. Od. zb. C. Tsypyshev, AFD13.S.1/26.
AA DNTsZKSTK. F. Berezne(VII—VIII)2013. Od. zb. C. Tsypyshev, AFD15.S.3/7.
AA DNTsZKSTK. F. Volodarka(VI)2012. Od. zb. C. Tsypyshev, AFD2.S.2/04.
AA DNTsZKSTK. F. Volodarka(VI)2012. Od. zb. C. Tsypyshev, AFD3.S.1/22.
AA DNTsZKSTK. F. Yemil’chyne(VII—VIII)2011. Od. zb. C. Tsypyshev, AFD1.S.1/20.
AA DNTsZKSTK. F. Yemil’chyne(VII—VIII)2011. Od. zb. C. Tsypyshev, AFD3.S.1/20.
AA DNTsZKSTK. F. Yemil’chyne(VII—VIII)2011. Od. zb. C. Tsypyshev, AFD4.S.1/19.
Tsypyshev, S.I. (2011). Zvit pro vidriadzhennia u Kamin’Kashyrs’kyj, Liubeshivs’kyj ta Manevyts’kyj rajony Volyns’koi oblasti. L’viv: Arkhiv MNAP u L’vovi ; Zv109 [in Ukrainian].
Tsypyshev, S.I. (2012). Zvit pro vidriadzhennia u Kovel’s’kyj, Starovyzhivs’kyj ta Turijs’kyj rajony Volyns’koi oblasti. L’viv: Arkhiv MNAP u L’vovi ; Zv111 [in Ukrainian].
Tsypyshev, S.I. (2010). Zvit pro vidriadzhennia u Liuboml’s’kyj, Shats’kyj ta Ratnivs’kyj rajony Volyns’koi oblasti. L’viv: Arkhiv MNAP u L’vovi ; Zv106 [in Ukrainian].
Artiukh, L.F. (1977). Ukrains’ka narodna kulinariia. Kyiv : Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
Hontar, T.O. (1979). Narodne kharchuvannia ukraintsiv Karpat. Kyiv : Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
Dovzhenok, V.J. (1961). Zemlerobstvo drevn’oi Rusi. Kyiv : Vydavnytstvo AN URSR [in Ukrainian].
Zharykova, H.H. (2005). Mikrobiologiia prodovol’stvennykh tovarov. Sanitaryia i gigijena. Moskva : Akademyia [in Russian].
Zus’ko, I. (2016). Pidtoplennia zemel’ ta naselenykh punktiv u Volyns’kij oblasti ta ekolohichni naslidky. Ekolohiia i pryrodokorystuvannia v systemi optymizatsii vidnosyn pryrody i suspil’stva: materialy III mizhnar. nauk.prakt. konf. 24—25 bereznia 2016 r. (Vol. 1, pp. 79—80). Ternopil’ : Krok [in Ukrainian].
Ziubrovs’kyj, A. (2014). Vypikannia povsiakdennoho khliba ukraintsiv pivdenno-zakhidnoho istorykoetnohrafichnoho rehionu v kintsi XIX — na pochatku XXI stolit’. The Ethnology Notebooks, 2 (116), 250—263.
Bondarchyk,V.K., Braim, I.N. & Burakovskaja, N.I. (Eds.). (1988). Poles’e. Material’naja kul’tura. Kyiv : Naukova dumka [in Russian].
Svydnyts’kyj, A. (2016). Liuborats’ki: simejna khronika. Kyiv ; Liajptsig : Ukrains’ka nakladnia [in Ukrainian].
Svoievolina, H.V. (2006). Udoskonalennia tekhnolohii zavarnykh prianykiv. (Dr.techn. diss. abstr.). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Franko, I. (1982). Etnohrafichna ekspedytsiia na Bojkivschynu. In Ivan Franko, Zibrannia tvoriv (Vol. 36, pp. 68—99). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Tsypyshev, S. (2009). Riznovydy khliba u pobuti ta obriadakh. In V.P. Koval’chuk (Ed.), Etnokul’tura Rivnens’koho Polissia. Rivne : PP DM [in Ukrainian].
Tsypyshev, S. (2012). Tradytsijne zemlerobstvo j tvarynnytstvo Rivnens’koho Polissia. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats’ Derzhavnoho naukovoho tsentru zakhystu kul’turnoi spadschyny vid tekhnohennykh katastrof, 1, 308—324 [in Ukrainian].
Tsypyshev, S. (2009). Tradytsijni khlibni vyroby Rivnens’koho Polissia pochatku XX stolittia (Za pol’ovymy materialamy iz Dubrovyts’koho ta Sarnens’koho rajoniv Rivnens’koi oblasti). In Polissieznavstvo u fol’klorno-etnohrafichnykh i literaturnomystets’kykh doslidzhenniakh (pp. 99—107). Rivne [in Ukrainian].
Tsypyshev, S. (2011). Khlibni vyroby v tradytsijnij kul’turi polischukiv Zarichnenschyny: tradytsiia i suchasnist’. Materialy do ukrains’koi etnolohii, 10 (13), 147—153.
Shumyhaj, I. (2015). Yakist’ pytnoi vody ta ii vplyv na zdorov’ia naselennia. Ekolohiia i pryrodokorystuvannia v systemi optymizatsii vidnosyn pryrody i suspil’stva: materialy II mizhnar. nauk.prakt. konf. 19—20 bereznia 2015 r. (pp. 161—163). Ternopil’ : Krok [in Ukrainian].
Radzyvill, V.Ya. Entsyklopediia suchasnoi Ukrainy. Retrieved from http://esu.com.ua/search_articles.php?id=36758 [in Ukrainian].
Fedorovych, D. Transport zaliza ta joho rehuliatsiia u drizhdzhiv. Retrieved from http://old.lnu.edu.ua/faculty/biologh/wis/ 25/microbio/02/02/index.htm [in Ukrainian].

Read»

Our authors
On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »