« 2018. #4 (142)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2018,  № 4 (142), 854–865

UDK 398 47 (477.87)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2018.04.854

Received 11.03.2018


Kotsan Vasyl Vasyliovych – Ph.D. of historical sciences, director of the Zakarpattia Museum of Folk Architecture and Life,

associate professor of the Department of History of Ukraine «Uzhgorod National University».

street Kapitul’na, Uzhhorod, Zakarpattia area, 88000

Contacts: tel.: 03122 37392

Abstrakt. The article is dedicated to wedding customs and ceremonies, which were alive in villages valley river Uzh in the XIX – first half of the XX century. On the basis of field ethnographic materials and literature, stock collection of the Transcarpathian Museum of folk architecture and life are analyzed the main sta¬ges of traditional folk wedding the studied region. The author describes in details such pre–wedding rites as matchmaking end engagement. Sepa–rately, the cycle of ceremonies and customs typical of the wedding eve is considered. The article describes the main components of the traditional wedding dress, inclu¬ding women’s wedding hairstyles and hats.

Keywords: weddings, matchmaking, engagement, wedding dress, wreath.


Fondy Zakarpats’koho muzeiu narodnoi arkhitektury ta pobutu (dali – FZM–NAP O:) FZMNAP O: 1494/436. Suknia («kabat»), s. Yarok, Uzhhorods’kyj r–n. Fabrychna materiia, vyshyvka, hlad’. 30–40–vi rr. XX st. [in Ukrainian].
FZMNAP O: 2599/971. Spidnia suknia («fodrovanets’»), s. Orikhovytsia, Uzhhorods’kyj r–n. Fabrychna materiia, fabrychna merezhka («chipka»). 20–40–vi rr. XX st. [in Ukrainian].
FZMNAP O: 4797/2241. Zhinochyj poias («pasyna»), s. Barvinok, Uzhhorods’kyj r–n. Vovniani nytky, pletinnia. 20–30–ti rr. XX st. [in Ukrainian].
FZMNAP O: 6015/2815. Spidnytsia («suknia»), s. Kybliary, Uzhhorods’kyj r–n. Domotkane polotno, vyshyvka, khrestyk. Pochatok XX st. [in Ukrainian].
FZMNAP O: 6124/2824. Sviatkova cholovicha sorochka, s. Onokovtsi, Uzhhorods’–kyj r–n. Domotkane polotno, dekoratyvni zahynky, vyshyvka, nyzyna. Pochatok 20–kh rr. KhKh st. [in Ukrainian].
FZMNAP O: 6357/2890. Sviatkova zhinocha sorochka, s. Nevyts’ke, Uzhhorods’kyj r–n. Domotkane polotno, vyshyvka, nyzyna. 20–ti rr. XX st. [in Ukrainian].
FZMNAP O: 9131/3579. Zhinocha sorochka, s. Hajdosh, Uzhhorods’kyj r–n. Domo–tkane polotno, vyshyvka, khrestyk. 30–ti rr. XX st. [in Ukrainian].
FZMNAP O: 9422/3657. Zhinocha bezrukavka («lajbyk», «kamizel’ka»), m. Uzhhorod, Uzhhorods’¬kyj r–n. Chorna oksamytova materiia, fabrychni strichky, biser, gudzyky. 30–40–vi rr. XX st. [in Ukrainian].
FZMNAP O: 9867/3790. Chepets’ («chepak»), s. Mynaj, Uzhhorods’kyj r–n. Fab–rychna kvitchasta materiia, shovkova strichka. 20–40–vi rr. XX st. [in Ukrainian].
FZMNAP O: 12434/176. Vesil’na cholovicha sorochka, s. Kybliary, Uzhhorods’–kyj r–n. Domotkane polotno, dekoratyvni zahynky, vyshyvka, «strupave vyshy–vannia». Pochatok 20–kh rr. XX st. [in Ukrainian].
FZMNAP O: 12437/179. Zhinocha sorochka, s. Dravtsi, Uzhhorods’kyj r–n. Domo–tkane polotno, vyshyvka, «khrestyk». 20–40–vi rr. XX st. [in Ukrainian].
FZMNAP O: 12670/188. Chepets’ («chepak»), s. Dovhe Pole, Uzhhorods’kyj r–n. Fabrychna materiia, domotkane polotno, fabrychni strichky, biser. 20–ti rr. XX st. [in Ukrainian].
FZMNAP O: 12672/190. Zhinochyj poias («pasyna»), s. Dravtsi, Uzhhorods’kyj r–n. Vovniani nytky, pletinnia. 20–30–ti rr. XX st. [in Ukrainian].
Borysenko, V. (2016). Simejna obriadovist’ ukraintsiv XX – pochatku XXI st. Kyiv: Vydavnytstvo IMFE [in Ukrainian].
Shubravs’ka, M. (Ed.). (1970). Vesillia: u 2 kn. Kyiv: Mystetstvo [in Ukrainian].
Zdoroveha, N.I. (1974). Narysy narodnoi vesil’noi obriadovosti na Ukraini. Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
Kolessa, F. (1938). Narodni pisni z Pidkarpats’koi Rusi. Naukovyj zbirnyk tovarystva «Prosvita» v Uzhhorodi, XIII–XIV, 49–149 [in Ukrainian].
Kotsan, V. (2015). Tradytsijne vesil’ne vbrannia Zakarpattia XIX – pershoi polovyny XX st. Narodoznavchi zoshyty, 2, 402–413 [in Ukrainian].
Kotsan, V.  (2014–2015). Tradytsijni holovni ubory u vesil’nij obriadovosti Zakarpattia (XIX – persha polovyna XX st.). Tysyacholittya–Millenia: naukovyj schorichnyk, 2, Uzhhorod: Hrazhda, 16–28 [in Ukrainian].
Maierchyk, M. (2011). Rytual i tilo. Strukturno–semantychnyj analiz ukrains’kykh obriadiv rodynnoho tsyklu. Kyiv: Krytyka [in Ukrainian].
Sopolyha, M. (2011). Ukraintsi Slovachchyny: material’ni vyiavy narodnoi kul’tury ta mystetstva. Kyiv: Tempora [in Ukrainian].
Tyvodar, M.P. (1999). Etnohrafichne rajonuvannia ukraintsiv Zakarpattia (za materialamy tradytsijnoi kul’tury druhoi polovyny XIX – pershoi polovyny XX st.). In Carpatica – Karpatyka. Etnichni ta istorychni tradytsii naselennia Ukrains’kykh Karpat kintsia XVIII–XX st. (Vyp. 6. pp. 4–64). Uzhhorod [in Ukrainian].
Tyvodar, M.P. (2011). Etnohrafiia Zakarpattia: Istoryko–etnohrafichnyj narys. Uzhhorod: Hrazhda [in Ukrainian].
Chaplyk, K. (2014). Lirychni pisni lemkiv Zakarpattia v novykh zapysakh: osoblyvosti melodyky, rytmiky, vykonavs’koi manery. Narodna tvorchist’ ta etnolohiia, 4, 94–102 [in Ukrainian].


Our authors
Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »