« 2018. #5 (143)

The Ethnology Notebooks, 2018, № 5 (143), 1096—1105

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2018.05.1096

Received  12.10.2018

BREAD AND CLOTH IN UKRAINIAN RITUALITY: FUNCTIONS AND SEMANTICS

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5931-3816

Herus Liudmyla, Candidate of Sciences in Art Studies,

Senior Researcher

Folk Art Department

of the Institute of Ethnology

of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.

Svobody Avenue 15,  79000, Lviv, Ukraine.

Contacts: (067)2703221; e-mail: ina@mail.lviv.ua

 Abstrakt. The semantics and functions of brad and cloth in the context of ritual practices of Ukrainians are considered. Parallels with Slavic nations are outlined.

Keywords: ritual, custom, brad, cloth, function, semantics.

REFERENCES

Archive of the IN NANU (Archive of the Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine). F. 1. Op. 2. Od. zb. 338. Zosh. 1 [in Ukrainian].
Bajburin, A.K., & Fradkin, V.Z. (1996). Posleslovie. Nikolaj Fedorovich Sumcov i ego raboty v oblasti obrjadovoj simvoliki. In Sumcov, N.F. Simvolika slavjanskih obrjadov: Izbrannye trudy. Moskva [in Russian].
Borysenko, V.K. (1988). Vesil’ni zvychai ta obriady na Ukraini. Istoryko-etnohrafichne doslidzhennia. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Borysenko, V.K. (1994). Rodyl’ni zvychai ta obriady. In Podillia: Istoryko-etnohrafichne doslidzhennia. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Borysenko, V.K. (1997). Obriady zhyttievoho tsyklu liudyny. In Kholmschyna i Pidliashshia. Istoryko-etnohrafichne doslidzhennia. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Boriak, O. (1997). Tkatstvo v obriadakh ta viruvanniakh ukraintsiv (seredyna ХІХ — pochatok ХХ st.). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Bulhakova, L. (1999). Polis’kyj rushnyk XX st. In Polissia Ukrainy: materialy istoryko-etnohrafichnoho doslidzhennia (Vol. 2, pp. 329—340). L’viv [in Ukrainian].
Vovk, Khv. (1995). Shliubnyj rytual ta obriady na Ukraini. In Vovk, Khv. Studii z ukrains’koi etnohrafii ta antropolohii (pp. 219—323). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Halajchuk, V. (2003). «Vzaiemyny» liudyny ta domovyka u viruvanniakh ukraintsiv Polissia. Visnyk L’vivs’koho universytetu. Seriia istorychna, 38, 568—584 [in Ukrainian].
Herus, L.M. (2009). Obriadovyj khlib «karachun» (vzaiemozv’iazok symvoliky ta plastychnoho traktuvannia formy). In Łemkowie, Bojkowie, Rusini — historia, wspólczеsność, kultura materialna i duchowa (Vol. II). Zielona Góra; Slupsk: Drukarnia wydawnictwo «Druk-ar» [in Ukrainian].
Gerus, L.M. (2016). Ukrainskij obrjadovyj hleb «kresty»: plastika, semantika, funkcii. In A.I., Lakotka (Ed.), Zbornik dakladaў i tjezisaў VI Mіzhnarodnaj navukova-praktychnaj kanferjencyі «Tradycyі і suchasny stan kul’tury і mastactvaў». Minsk: Prava i ekanomika [in Russian].
Hrebin’, I.F. (1994). Obriady, pov’iazani z budivnytstvom sil’s’koho zhytla. In Podillia: Istoryko-etnohrafichne doslidzhennia. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Ilarion, mytropolyt. (1992). Dokhrystyians’ki viruvannia ukrains’koho narodu. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Kozholianko, H.K. (2001). Etnohrafiia Bukovyny (Vol. 2). Chernivtsi [in Ukrainian].
Kutel’makh, K.M. (1997). Pomynal’ni motyvy v kalendarnij obriadovosti polischukiv. In Polissia Ukrainy (Vol. 1, pp. 172—203). L’viv [in Ukrainian].
Kutel’makh, K.M. (1999). Ahrarni motyvy v kalendarnij obriadovosti polischukiv. Polissia Ukrainy. (Vol. 2, pp. 191—210). L’viv [in Ukrainian].
Levkievskaja, E.E. (2002). Slavjanskij obereg. Semantika i struktura. Moskva [in Russian].
Onyshchuk, A. (1912). Narodnyi kaliendar. Zvychai y viruvannia pryviazani do poodynokykh dniv u rotsi, zapysav u 1907—10 r[okakh] v Zelentsy, Nadvirnianskoho pov[itu] narod[nyi] uchytel. In Materyialy do ukrainsko-ruskoi etnologiii (Vol. ХV). L’viv [in Ukrainian].
Nykorak, O. I. (2004). Ukrains’ka narodna tkanyna ХІХХХ st.: typolohiia, lokalizatsiia, khudozhni osoblyvosti. Ch. I. Inter’ierni tkanyny (za materialamy zakhidnykh oblastej Ukrainy). L’viv [in Ukrainian].
Pan’kiv, M. (2003) Suchasni tradytsijni obriady na Pokutti. Etnos i kul’tura, 1, 32–37 [in Ukrainian].
Ryzhyk, Ye. (1997). Kalendarni obriady ukraintsiv Kholmschyny i Pidliashshia. In Kholmschyna i Pidliashshia. Istoryko – etnohrafichne doslidzhennia. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Silets’kyj, R. (1997). «Zakladschyna» khaty na Polissi: Obriadovo-zvychaievyj aspekt. In Polissia Ukrainy (Vol. 1, pp. 83—96). L’viv [in Ukrainian].
Silets’kyj, R.B. (2003). Zvychai ta obriady, pov’iazani z budivnytstvom. In Polissia Ukrainy. Materialy istoryko-etnohrafichnoho doslidzhennia (Vol. 3, 95—124). L’viv [in Ukrainian].
Silets’kyj, R.B. (2011). Tradytsijna budivel’na obriadovist’ ukraintsiv. L’viv [in Ukrainian].
Sumcov, N.F. (1885). Hleb v obrjadah i pesnjah. Har’kov [in Ukrainian].
Siavavko, Ye.I. (1987). Simejna obriadovist’. In Hutsul’schyna: Istoryko-etnohrafichne doslidzhennia. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Toporkov, A.L. (2012). Stol. In N.I., Tolstoj (Ed.), Slavjanskie drevnosti. Jetnolingvisticheskij slovar’ (Vol. 5 (S—Ja), pp. 165—170). Moskva [in Russian].
Scherbakivs’kyj, V. (1995). Ukrains’ke narodne mystetstvo. Ornamentatsiia ukrains’koi khaty. In Scherbakivs’kyj, V., V., l’ianovs’kyj (Ed.), Ukrains’ke mystetstvo: Vybrani neopublikovani pratsi. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Jasinskaja, M.V. (2012). Skatert’. In N.I., Tolstoj (Ed.), Slavjanskie drevnosti. Jetnolingvisticheskij slovar’ (Vol. 5 (S—Ja), pp. 8—12). Moskva [in Russian].

Read»

Our authors
Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »