Archive

« 2019. #1 (145)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, 1 (145), 149—156

UDK 398+78:681.84:331.556.46(7)
DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2019.01.149

SYNTHESIS OF FOLKLORE AND POP MUSIC IN THE RECORDINGS OF THE UKRAINIANS OF NORTH AMERICA

FEDORNYAK Nataliya

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4981-6495

Postgraduate student,

Precarpathian National University named after. V. Stefanyk,

57 Shevchenkа Str., 76018, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine.

Contacts: e-mail: natalya.savchuk.2011@gmail.com

Abstract. Sound recordings of musical folklore — one of the forms of preservation and popularization of traditional culture among the Ukrainian diaspora of North America. Musical folklore samples are recorded in authentic form, as well as traditional motifs and intonations are embodied in new styles of mass culture (secondary musical folklore). Most of the recordings refer to secondary performance, presenting stylistic synthesis in the form of new compositions based on quoting and reintroducing traditional folklore and pop music. The purpose of the work is to identify features and ways of the transformation of musical folklore traditions in the performing area of the Ukrainian diaspora in the USA and Canada through the analysis of sound recordings of secondary musical folklore.

The research methodology includes historical and source study methods, together with the analysis of the discography of performers of the Ukrainian diaspora in the USA and Canada.

Results. The studied recordings present the arrangements of folk songs in pop, rock, jazz, fusion, world music, etc. performed by the most prominent ukrainian soloists, vocal and instrumental groups from Canada and the United States (Kvitka Сisyk, Yana Bilyk, V. Popadiuk and «Papa Duke», «Mickey and Bunny», «D‑Drifters-5», «Rushnychok», «Syny Stepiv», «Veseli Chasy», «Izmarahd», «Soniashnyk», «Promin», «Burya», «Kubasonics», «Milleniа», «Tut I Tam», «Ukrainia», «DoVira»). The interaction of Ukrainian folklore and various trends and styles of pop music is displayed through the processing of folk songs, the citation of musical and folklore material, the creation of original compositions on folklore basis (intonations, volumes, texts, techniques of playing and singing). Conclusion. The process of synthesis of ukrainian musical folklore and mass pop music began at the end of the twentieth century and today it continues in the most expressive ways of transformation.

Keywords: Ukrainian diaspora of North America, recordings, secondary Ukrainian folk music, transformation of folk tradition, mass pop music, style synthesis, groups and soloists of the Ukrainian diaspora of North America.

Received 10.12.2018

REFERENCES

Klymenko, I. (2010). A Discography of Ukrainian Ethnic Music (Authentic Perfomans). 1908—2010. An illustrated chronological registry with annotations and Thematic indexes. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Spottswood, Richard K. (1979). Ethnic music in America: First progress report on a discography. JEMF Quarterly, 54.
Spottswood, Richard K. (1990). Ethnic music on records. A discography of ethnic recordings produced in the United States, 1893—1942. (Vol. 2). Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press.
Klymasz, Robert Bogdan. (1970). An introduction to the Ukrainian-Canadian immigrant folksong cycle. Musical Transcriptions by Walter P. Klymkiw. Ottawa: National Museums of Canada.
Klymasz, Robert Bogdan. (1970). The Ukrainian winter folksong cycle in Canada. Musical Transcriptions by K. Peacock? (W.P. Klymkiw?). National museums of Canada bulletin, 236, Folklore series, 9.
Cherwick, Brian A. (1999). Polkas on the Prairies: ukrainian music and the construction of identity. (Doctor of Phiposophy). Edmonton.
Cherwick, Brian. (2010). «This land is your land…»: Two Tendencies in Ukrainian-Canadian Music. The Ethnology notebooks, 3—4, 332—339 [in Ukrainian].
Maksymjuk, S. (2003). From the History of Ukrainian Recordings and Discography. Lviv; Washington: Publishing House of the Ukrainian Catholic University [in Ukrainian].
Kuzyszyn, Oles. (1980). Ukrainian bands and their development in the United States and in Canada from 1959 to the present. The Ukrainian Weekly, 44, 10—11.
Karas’, H.V. (2012). Musical culture of the Ukrainian diaspora in the world time period of the twentieth century (monograph). Ivano-Frankivsk: Tipovit [in Ukrainian].
Dutchak, V. (2013). Bandura art of the Ukrainian diaspora in the XX — early XXI century (monograph). Ivano-Frankivsk: Foliant [in Ukrainian].
Tormakhova, V.M. (2007). Ukrainian pop music and folklore, interpenetration and synthesis (Abstract of the PhD). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Discography of «Mickey and Bunny». Retrieved from: http://www.ukr-can-zabavabands.ca/#M12 (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
Discography of «D-Drifters-5». Retrieved from: http://www.ukr-can-zabavabands.ca/#D2 (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
«Rushnychok»: The first 10 years. (1980). The Ukrainian Weekly, 39, 11.
Discography of «Rushnychok». Retrieved from: http://www.ukr-can-zabavabands.ca/#R20 (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
Discography of «Syny Stepiv». Retrieved from: http://www.ukr-can-zabavabands.ca/#S23 (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
«Veseli Chasy» ensemble. Retrieved from: http://www.ukrmusic.org/entsyklopediya/v/veseli-chasy-ansambl-chykaho-ssha.html (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
«Izmarahd» ensemble. Retrieved from: http://www.ukrmusic.org/entsyklopediya/i/izmarahd-vokalno-instrumentalnyj-ansambl-nyu-dzhersi-ssha.html (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
«Sonyashnyk» ensemble. Retrieved from: http://www.ukrmusic.org/entsyklopediya/s/sonyashnyk-ist-brunsvik-nyu-dzhersi.html (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
«Promin» ensemble. Retrieved from: http://www.uaestrada.org/ansambli/promin/ (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
«Burya» ensemble. Retrieved from: http://www.ukrmusic.org/entsyklopediya/b/burya-toronto-kanada.html (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
Kvitka Cisyk. Retrieved from: http://www.uaestrada.org/spivaki/tsisyk-kvitka (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
Yana Bilyk. Retrieved from: https://yanabilyk.bandcamp.com/releases (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
«Kubasonics» ensemble. Retrieved from: https://kubasonics.bandcamp.com/ (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
Discography of Vasyl Popadiuk. Retrieved from: http://www.vasylpopadiuk.com/ (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
Discography of «Millenia». Retrieved from: http://www.ukr-can-zabavabands.ca/#M15 (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
Discography of «Tyt i Tam». Retrieved from: http://www.tytitam.com/music.html (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
Discography of «Ukrainia». Retrieved from: http://www.ukrainia.org/wp/discography-listing/ (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
Discography of «DoVira». Retrieved from: https://itunes.apple.com/us/artist/dovira/id550460919 (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).

Read»

Our authors
Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »