« 2019. #1 (145)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, 1 (145), 149—156

UDK 398+78:681.84:331.556.46(7)
DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2019.01.149



ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4981-6495

Postgraduate student,

Precarpathian National University named after. V. Stefanyk,

57 Shevchenkа Str., 76018, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine.

Contacts: e-mail: natalya.savchuk.2011@gmail.com

Abstract. Sound recordings of musical folklore — one of the forms of preservation and popularization of traditional culture among the Ukrainian diaspora of North America. Musical folklore samples are recorded in authentic form, as well as traditional motifs and intonations are embodied in new styles of mass culture (secondary musical folklore). Most of the recordings refer to secondary performance, presenting stylistic synthesis in the form of new compositions based on quoting and reintroducing traditional folklore and pop music. The purpose of the work is to identify features and ways of the transformation of musical folklore traditions in the performing area of the Ukrainian diaspora in the USA and Canada through the analysis of sound recordings of secondary musical folklore.

The research methodology includes historical and source study methods, together with the analysis of the discography of performers of the Ukrainian diaspora in the USA and Canada.

Results. The studied recordings present the arrangements of folk songs in pop, rock, jazz, fusion, world music, etc. performed by the most prominent ukrainian soloists, vocal and instrumental groups from Canada and the United States (Kvitka Сisyk, Yana Bilyk, V. Popadiuk and «Papa Duke», «Mickey and Bunny», «D‑Drifters-5», «Rushnychok», «Syny Stepiv», «Veseli Chasy», «Izmarahd», «Soniashnyk», «Promin», «Burya», «Kubasonics», «Milleniа», «Tut I Tam», «Ukrainia», «DoVira»). The interaction of Ukrainian folklore and various trends and styles of pop music is displayed through the processing of folk songs, the citation of musical and folklore material, the creation of original compositions on folklore basis (intonations, volumes, texts, techniques of playing and singing). Conclusion. The process of synthesis of ukrainian musical folklore and mass pop music began at the end of the twentieth century and today it continues in the most expressive ways of transformation.

Keywords: Ukrainian diaspora of North America, recordings, secondary Ukrainian folk music, transformation of folk tradition, mass pop music, style synthesis, groups and soloists of the Ukrainian diaspora of North America.

Received 10.12.2018


Klymenko, I. (2010). A Discography of Ukrainian Ethnic Music (Authentic Perfomans). 1908—2010. An illustrated chronological registry with annotations and Thematic indexes. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Spottswood, Richard K. (1979). Ethnic music in America: First progress report on a discography. JEMF Quarterly, 54.
Spottswood, Richard K. (1990). Ethnic music on records. A discography of ethnic recordings produced in the United States, 1893—1942. (Vol. 2). Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press.
Klymasz, Robert Bogdan. (1970). An introduction to the Ukrainian-Canadian immigrant folksong cycle. Musical Transcriptions by Walter P. Klymkiw. Ottawa: National Museums of Canada.
Klymasz, Robert Bogdan. (1970). The Ukrainian winter folksong cycle in Canada. Musical Transcriptions by K. Peacock? (W.P. Klymkiw?). National museums of Canada bulletin, 236, Folklore series, 9.
Cherwick, Brian A. (1999). Polkas on the Prairies: ukrainian music and the construction of identity. (Doctor of Phiposophy). Edmonton.
Cherwick, Brian. (2010). «This land is your land…»: Two Tendencies in Ukrainian-Canadian Music. The Ethnology notebooks, 3—4, 332—339 [in Ukrainian].
Maksymjuk, S. (2003). From the History of Ukrainian Recordings and Discography. Lviv; Washington: Publishing House of the Ukrainian Catholic University [in Ukrainian].
Kuzyszyn, Oles. (1980). Ukrainian bands and their development in the United States and in Canada from 1959 to the present. The Ukrainian Weekly, 44, 10—11.
Karas’, H.V. (2012). Musical culture of the Ukrainian diaspora in the world time period of the twentieth century (monograph). Ivano-Frankivsk: Tipovit [in Ukrainian].
Dutchak, V. (2013). Bandura art of the Ukrainian diaspora in the XX — early XXI century (monograph). Ivano-Frankivsk: Foliant [in Ukrainian].
Tormakhova, V.M. (2007). Ukrainian pop music and folklore, interpenetration and synthesis (Abstract of the PhD). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Discography of «Mickey and Bunny». Retrieved from: http://www.ukr-can-zabavabands.ca/#M12 (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
Discography of «D-Drifters-5». Retrieved from: http://www.ukr-can-zabavabands.ca/#D2 (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
«Rushnychok»: The first 10 years. (1980). The Ukrainian Weekly, 39, 11.
Discography of «Rushnychok». Retrieved from: http://www.ukr-can-zabavabands.ca/#R20 (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
Discography of «Syny Stepiv». Retrieved from: http://www.ukr-can-zabavabands.ca/#S23 (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
«Veseli Chasy» ensemble. Retrieved from: http://www.ukrmusic.org/entsyklopediya/v/veseli-chasy-ansambl-chykaho-ssha.html (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
«Izmarahd» ensemble. Retrieved from: http://www.ukrmusic.org/entsyklopediya/i/izmarahd-vokalno-instrumentalnyj-ansambl-nyu-dzhersi-ssha.html (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
«Sonyashnyk» ensemble. Retrieved from: http://www.ukrmusic.org/entsyklopediya/s/sonyashnyk-ist-brunsvik-nyu-dzhersi.html (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
«Promin» ensemble. Retrieved from: http://www.uaestrada.org/ansambli/promin/ (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
«Burya» ensemble. Retrieved from: http://www.ukrmusic.org/entsyklopediya/b/burya-toronto-kanada.html (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
Kvitka Cisyk. Retrieved from: http://www.uaestrada.org/spivaki/tsisyk-kvitka (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
Yana Bilyk. Retrieved from: https://yanabilyk.bandcamp.com/releases (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
«Kubasonics» ensemble. Retrieved from: https://kubasonics.bandcamp.com/ (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
Discography of Vasyl Popadiuk. Retrieved from: http://www.vasylpopadiuk.com/ (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
Discography of «Millenia». Retrieved from: http://www.ukr-can-zabavabands.ca/#M15 (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
Discography of «Tyt i Tam». Retrieved from: http://www.tytitam.com/music.html (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
Discography of «Ukrainia». Retrieved from: http://www.ukrainia.org/wp/discography-listing/ (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).
Discography of «DoVira». Retrieved from: https://itunes.apple.com/us/artist/dovira/id550460919 (Last accessed: 28.09.2018).


Our authors
Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »