« 2019. #1 (145)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, 1 (145), 4—12

UDK 7.011.26(=161.2)]:745/749(477-054.65)]”191/201″
DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2019.01.004

FOLK DECORATIVE AND APPLYING ART ROLE IN THE CULTURAL CONSOLIDATION OF UKRAINIANS IN CRISIS PERIOD

HERUS Lyudmyla

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5931-3816

Сandidate of Arts (Ph. D), Senior Researcher

Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy

of Sciences of Ukraine,

in the Department of Folk Art,

15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine

Contacts: e-mail: ludmilagerus@gmail.com

Abstract. In the paper folk decorative and applying art features are emphasized, their impact on national consciousness and patriotic citizenship formation of Ukrainians during crisis periods in different historical periods (First World War, Revolution of Dignity and Nowadays War in Ukrainian East) are studied out, in which art practices have gained exceptional relevance.The study is based on «Ukrainian Cooperation Handicraft Union» activity in the prisoner-of-war campin Rastat (Ger­many),artistic practices initiated in Eastern Galicia and Bukovyna by People Labor Assistance Provision Department of Southwest Front Committee of All-Russian Zemstvo Unionin the First World War period, creativity of artists from 2014 to 2018 in the connection with Revolution of Dignity and the War in the East of Ukraine.

Keywords: Ukraine, decorative and applying art, crisis, artistic practice, artistic heritage, consolidation.

Received 2.02.2019

REFERENCES

Herus, L. (2017). Shopka v ukrains’kij khrystyians’kij tradytsii: heneza, istoriia, symvolika. Narodoznavchi zoshyty, 3 (135), 579—595 [in Ukrainian].
Herus, L.M. (2013). Obriadovyj khlib iak mystets’kyj artefakt. Mystetstvoznavstvo ’13: nauk. zb. (pp. 29—38). L’viv: SKIM; IN NAN Ukrainy [in Ukrainian].
Dekoratyvna tarilka z honcharnoi majsterni-shkoly Mykhajla Paraschuka. 1918 r. Rashtat (z kolektsii M. i M. Labun’kiv). (1989). In Notatky z mystetstva. Filadel’fiia: nakladom viddilu Ob’iednannia mysttsiv-ukraintsiv v Amerytsi (Ch. 29, p. 34) [in Ukrainian].
Narodnoe yskusstvo Halytsyy y Bukovyny y Zemskyj Soiuz v 1916—1917 h.h. vojny. (1919). In Narodne mystetstvo Halychyny j Bukovyny. Kyiv: Typ. Khudozh.-remesel. shk.-masterskoj pech. dela [in Ukrainian].
Prybyl’skaia, E. (2015). Zhyzneopysanye. In Studii mystetstvoznavchi (Vol. 2, pp. 111—124) [in Ukrainian].
Sribniak, I. (2014). Mystets’ki oseredky polonenykh ukraintsiv u tabori Rashtat (druha polovyna 1915—1916 rr.). Visnyk Kyivs’koho natsional’noho universytetu imeni Tarasa Shevchenka. Seriia «Istoriia», 5 (123), 59—62 [in Ukrainian].
Sribniak, I. (2017). Stvorennia ta diial’nist’ Komitetu kul’turnoi pomochi ukraintsiam u Nimechchyni u tabori Rashtat (druha polovyna 1918 r.). Kyivs’ki istorychni studii, 1 (4), 3—8 [in Ukrainian].
Stepovyk, D. (1994). Skul’ptor Mykhajlo Paraschuk: zhyttia i tvorchist’. Edmonton; Toronto; Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Bryk, A. Mystetstvo vijny: ternopoliany rozmal’ovuiut’ armijs’ki sholomy. Retrieved from: https://nday.te.ua/mystetstvo-vijny-ternopolyany-rozmalovuyut-armijski-sholomy/.
Bulanova-Duvalko, L. «Ridicule»: Uroky pratsi vid ukrains’kykh khudozhnykiv. Retrieved from: http://artukraine.com.ua/a/ridicule–uroki-truda-ot-ukrainskikh-khudozhnic/#.WwWBWO6FPIW.
Kachur, K. Vypechenymy ptakhamy z tista fol’klorysty vshanuvaly zahyblykh na Majdani. Retrieved from: https://honchar.org.ua/p/vypechenymy-ptahamy-z-tista-folklorysty-vshanuvaly-zahyblyh-na-majdani/?nggpage=2.
Metel’s’kyj, R. «Tysha» ta «Mamaieva sorochka» vid Yaroslavy Tkachuk ta Oli Kravchenko. Retrieved from: http://photo-lviv.in.ua/tysha-ta-mamajeva-sorochka-vid-yaroslavy-tkachuk-ta-oli-kravchenko/.
Solonets’, O. Yevromajdan na vytynankakh. Cherkas’kyj mytets’ Mykola Telizhenko stvoriuie tsykl robit, prysviachenykh ostannim podiiam v Ukraini. Retrieved from: https://day.kyiv.ua/uk/article/taym-aut/ievromaydan-na-vitinankah.
Shot, M. Aura rozmal’ovanykh kasok. Retrieved from: https://ukurier.gov.ua/uk/articles/aura-rozmalovanih-kasok/.

Read»

Our authors
Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »