« 2019. #1 (145)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, 1 (145), 13—19

UDK 7.031.4:7.036(477) “20”
DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2019.01.013

FOLKLORE CULTURE IS IN THE UKRAINIAN CONTEMPORARY ART

SKLYARENKO Galina

Candidate of Art Studies, Senior Researcher

Institute of Art Studies, Folklore Studies and Ethnology.

M.T. Rilsky National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,

4, st. Mikhail Hrushevsky, 01011, Kyiv, Ukraine,

Institute for Modern Art Problems

National Academy of Arts of Ukraine

18D,

Eugene Konovalets str., 01133, Kyiv, Ukraine

Contacts: e-mail:galyna2010@ukr.net

Abstract. In the Ukrainian culture a folk art traditionally occupies a considerable and noticeable place, accumulates cultural and national experience. On every historical stage of ХХ of century an address to the folk flows was the means of updating of the Ukrainian art, plastic principles and artistic language on the whole. A contemporary art, that was formed in the years of «perestroika» and grew into the considerable phenomenon of culture in the years of Independence, exposes new senses in a folklore culture, connects it to contemporary artistic practices. Unlike previous periods, when folk traditions attracted artists the formally-aesthetic expressiveness, modern art centrate attention on syncretism of folklore culture, continuity of its imaginative, ritual and functional bases. Interpretation of folk culture and graphic folklore became basis of the newest installations, actions in natural surroundings, projects of land-art, that designated a tendency in the Ukrainian contemporary art, brought new senses to the traditional theme, connected a folklore culture to actual artistic space.

Keywords: contemporary art, a folklore culture, conceptual practices.

Received 24.12.2018

REFERENCES

Bogemskaya, K. (2001). Ponyat primitiv. Samodeyatelnoe, naivnoe i autsajderskoe iskusstvo v XX veke. Sankt-Peterburg: Alteya [in Russian].
Hurenko, A. (2005). Mystetstvo zemli: rizni oblychchia ukrains’koho genius loci. Obrazotvorche mystetstvo, 3, 100—102 [in Ukrainian].
Dziuba, I. (2006). Dopovidi. Retsenzii. Peredmovy. Descho pro dobrykh susidiv i dukhovnu ridniu. In Z krynytsi lit: u tr’okh tomakh (T. 1. Statti). Kyiv: Vyd. dim «Kyievo-Mohylians’ka akademiia» [in Ukrainian].
Lemarshand, F. (2001). Topos Chornobylia (Ch. 78, pp. 374). Kyiv: Dukh i litera [in Ukrainian].
Mystetstvo dovkillia. (2010). Ukraina 1989—2010. Al’bom. Kyiv: Sofiia-A [in Ukrainian].
Picheta, V. (1919). O svyazi mezhdu nekotorymi techeniyami zhivopisi i narodnym iskusstvom. Tvorchestvo: Zhurnal Hudozhestvennogo ceha, 1, 27. Harkov [in Russian].
Prokofev, A. (1989). O treh urovnyah hudozhestvennoj kultury Novogo i Novejshego vremeni. In Primitiv i ego mesto v hudozhestvennoj kulture Novogo i Novejshego vremeni. Moskva: Nauka [in Russian].
Putilov, B.N. (1994). Folklor i narodnaya kultura. Sankt-Peterburg: Nauka [in Russian].
Selivachov, M. (Ed.). (1998). Do typolohii rehresyvnykh i reheneratyvnykh iavysch u narodnomu mystetstvi XX st. In Rehres i reheneratsiia v narodnomu mystetstvi. Kolektyvne doslidzhennia za materalamy tretikh honcharivs’kykh chytan’. Kyiv: Muzej Ivana Honchara; Rodovid [in Ukrainian].

Read»

Our authors
Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »