« 2019. № 5 (149)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, № 5 (149),  1200—1204

UDK 398.21(=161.2):050(438)”187/191”





Candidate of philology sciences (= Ph.D. in philology),

Researcher at the Institute of Ethnology

of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,

Dement of Folkloristic,

15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine


Abstract. One of the central problems in Ukrainian fairytale researches is the accumulation and edition of scientifically valuable folktale texts. Contemporary studies require an appeal to folklore-ethnographic collections of Ukrainian narratives, published in foreign periodicals. The purpose of the proposed research is to find out the specifics of folklore materials contained in the Polish periodicals of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The subject of the study is the scientific journal «Zbior wiadomosci do anthropologii krajowej». The methodological basis of the work is the principles of objectivity and historicism of folklore. The methodology of Ukrainian and foreign folklorists and ethnographers was used for attribution of the featured texts (I. Franko, V. Hnatyuk, A. Aarne, L. Mushketik, etc.).

The article analyzes the Ukrainian folk tales contained in the Polish serial of the late 19th — early 20th enturies. The specifics of the submission of folklore material by Polish collectors and organizers of editions (Z. Moshyns’ka, O. Kolberg, E. Rulikovskyy, Ch. Neyman) have been clarified. Texts of folktales are presented in Latin transcription, mostly preserving the lexical and phonetic features of the area. However, some of the tales were translated into Polish, which resulted in the loss of the authentic sound of the narrative. The scientific value of the contained texts and their importance for Ukrainian fairytale are traced. The basic structural elements of the text have been preserved: typical initial, medial and final formulas, ornamental means (constant epithets and comparisons, reduced-frivolous vocabulary, etc). It is important that most of the collections reproduce the tradition of individual regions (Polisia, Podillya, Dnipro region).

Keywords: Ukrainians, Polish researchers, folktale, folklore plot.

Received 27.09.2019


Kulish, P. (1857). Notes on Southern Russia (Vol. 2). St. Petersburg. In A. Jacobson’s Typography [in Russian].
Drahomanov, M. (1876). Ukrainian folktales and stories. Kyiv [in Russian].
Rozdol’sky, O., & Franko, I. (1895). Galician folktales. In Ethnographic collection: 40 volumes (Vol. 1). Lviv [in Ukrainian].
Hnatyuk, V. (1916). Ukrainian folk tales (Animal epic) (Vol. I—II). In Ethnographic collection (Vol. 37—38). L’viv [in Ukrainian].
Hnatyuk, V. (1910). Ethnographic materials from Hungarian Rus (Volume V: Tales from Bachka). In Ethnographic collection (Vol. 29). L’viv [in Ukrainian].
Krzyїanowski, J. (Ed.). (1965). Dictionary of Polish Folklore. Warszawa: Wiedza Powszechna [in Polish].
Rulikowski, E. (1879). Еtnografic notes from Ukraine. In Zbior wiadomosci do anthropologii krajowej (Vol. 3, pp. 62—89). Krakow [in Polish].
Neumann, C. (1884). Materials from the Pliskowa districts w Powiecie Lipowiecki. In Zbior wiadomosci do anthropologii krajowej (Vol. 8, pp. 234—245). Krakow [in Polish].
Kolberg, O. (1889). Fables from Polesia. In Zbior wiadomosci do anthropologii krajowej (Vol. 13, part 3, pp. 200—207). Krakow [in Polish].
Moszynska, J. (1885). Fables and puzzles of the Ukrainians. In Zbior wiadomosci do anthropologii krajowej (Vol. 9, pp. 73—160). Krakow [in Polish].
Demedyuk, M. (2016). Christian motives in Ukrainian folk tales. The Ethnology Notebooks, 3, 704—709. L’viv [in Ukrainian].
Franko, I. (1980). A note on the ethnography of the Ukrainian people in Volyn. In Franko, I. Collection of works: in 50 vol. (Vol. 27, pp. 210—215). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Hrushevsky, M. (2008) Works: in 50 volumes (Vol. 14, pp. 36—37). Lviv: World [in Ukrainian].


Our authors
On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »

Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »