« 2020. № 1 (151)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2020. № 1 (151), 3—14




HERUS Lyudmyla


Сandidate of Аrts (Ph. D), Senior Researcher

of the Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy

of Sciences of Ukraine,

in the Department of Folk Art,

15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,

Contacts: e-mail:

Abstract. Introduction. At the end of XX — early XXI centuries globalization, social transformations and the continuous development of information and communication technologies have gained particular intensity, have become a source of enormous threat to the destruction and disappearance of the traditional culture and deepened the actuality of preservation and safeguarding the humanity cultural heritage. The European choice of Ukraine, its integration into the international community strengthen the state responsibility for the preservation of original historical relics of different times and peoples that are on its territory and are an integral part of the world cultural heritage.

Article purpose: comprehensive analysis of the formation, current state and prospects of safeguarding the intangible cultural heritage in Ukraine.

Methods. The basic in the research is a systematic approach, which provides an analysis of UNESCO’s activity as a component of the United Nations Institutional system, its relations with other specialized institutions in the field of the intangible cultural heritage safeguarding, adaptation the protecting of the intangible cultural heritage in Ukraine to UNESCO normative principles, reached results and perspective ways of implementation. The statistical method was applied to assess the consequences of the measures taken in Ukraine to the intangible cultural heritage safeguarding.

Results. International conventions, acts adopted by UNESCO specialized agencies of the intangible cultural heritage safeguarding, regulatory acts of Ukrainian legislation are considered in the article. The strategy and directions of protection the elements of the intangible cultural heritage in Ukraine are analyzed as a result of the state authorities activity, specialized institutions and the public in the context of the basic principles of international cultural policy.

In the article the next conclusions are drawn. There are the necessity to coordinate the activities of public authorities and local self-government, academics, the public in order to preservation, develop and promote the intangible cultural heritage of Ukraine; adopting the National Target Program for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage and based on it regional programs containing conceptual provisions and practical measures of the intangible cultural practices preservation, in particular the development of humanitarian education, the formation a wide range of information sources and popularization activities, the use of scientific potential specialists.

Keywords: intangible cultural heritage, preservation, safeguarding, popularization, artefacts, Ukraine, UNESCO.

Received 26.01.2020


Andres, H.A. (2008). Safeguarding of Ukraine’s cultural heritage in the context of European integration. Problems and solutions. Sugdeian Collection (Issue ІІІ, pp. 524—533) [in Ukrainian].
Bosyk, Z.A. (2015). Intangible cultural heritage of Ukraine in the context of social development and cultural policy of the state. Bulletin of the National Academy of the commanding personnel of culture and art, 2, 35—39 [in Ukrainian].
Dontsov, A. (2018). Establishment of students’ creative personality in tourism profession through individual and group teaching. Problems of continuous geographical education and cartography (Issue 28, pp. 4—10) [in Ukrainian].
Kuderska, N.I., & Kuderska, I.O. (2015). Intangible cultural heritage of Ukraine, its objects (manifestations). European perspectives (Issue 7, pp. 59—67) [in Ukrainian].
Melnychuk, О.І. (2003). Intangible cultural heritage concept. Formation in international law. Monuments of Ukraine: history and culture, 3, 12—17) [in Ukrainian].
Polyvach, K.A. (2012). Cultural heritage and its influence on the development of regions of Ukraine. Kyiv: Instytut geografii NAN Ukrayiny [in Ukrainian].
Теrеs, N. (2011). International safeguarding of the intangible cultural heritage: world and Ukrainian experience. Ethnic history of the peoples of Europe (Issue 36, pp. 58—63) [in Ukrainian].
Recommendation on the Safeguarding of Traditional Culture and Folklore. Retrieved from: (Last accessed: 21.01.2020).
Report on the preliminary study on the advisability of regulating internationally, through a new standard-setting instrument, the protection of traditional culture and folklore. Retrieved from: (Last accessed: 21.01.2020).
UNESCO UNIVERSAL DECLARATION ON CULTURAL DIVERSITY. Retrieved from: (Last accessed: 21.01.2020).
Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. Retrieved from:
Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions. Retrieved from: / (Last accessed: 21.01.2020).
Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage. Retrieved from: (Last accessed: 21.01.2020).
Browse the Lists of Intangible Cultural Heritage and the Register of good safeguarding practices. Retrieved from: (Last accessed: 21.01.2020).
Ministry of Culture presents the bill «On Intangible Cultural Heritage». Retrieved from: (Last accessed: 21.01.2020).
All-Ukrainian open competition of programs for preservation and development of elements of intangible cultural heritage «Living tradition». Retrieved from: (Last accessed: 21.01.2020).
The UCCR annual report on the state of implementation in Ukraine of the provisions of the UNESCO Convention on the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. 2018. Retrieved from: (Last accessed: 21.01.2020).
Virtual Museum of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Ukraine. Retrieved from: (Last accessed: 21.01.2020).
National list of elements of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Ukraine. Retrieved from: (Last accessed: 21.01.2020).
20 Intangible Cultural Heritage of Ukraine. Methodical development. Retrieved from: (Last accessed: 21.01.2020).
Creativity based on intangible cultural heritage is the engine of development that meets the challenges of today — Yevhen Nishchuk. Retrieved from: (Last accessed: 21.01.2020).
On Parliamentary Hearing Recommendations: «State, problems and prospects of cultural heritage Safeguarding in Ukraine». Retrieved from: (Last accessed: 21.01.2020).
Pavliuk, S., Herus, L., Fedorchuk, O., & Kutsyr, T. (3 eds.). (2019). Tradition Culture of Ukrainians in Researches by Folk Art Department of the Ethnology Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (1992—2018): Bibliography. The project scientifc supervisor S. Pavliuk; editor-in-chief L. Herus; edited and compiled by O. Fedorchuk; English translation of the Introduction by T. Kutsyr. Lviv: the Ethnology Institute of the NAS of Ukraine [in Ukrainian + Introduction).


Our authors
Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »