« 2020. № 2 (152)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2020. № 2 (152), 251—259

UDK [80+94](=163.42=161.2)-057.4:378.4(497.5-21)]”195/202″Є.Пащенко

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2020.02.251

YEVHEN PASCHENKO AND UKRAINIAN DIRECTION IN CROATIAN SLAVISTICS

PAVLYUK Stepan

ORCID ID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0975-8099

Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor,

Academician of NAS of Ukraine, Institute of Ethnology,

The National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NASU),

15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine

Contacts: e-mail: ina@mail.lviv.ua

Abstract. Introduction. The object of the study is the most important milestones in the scientific and socio-political activity of the modern scientist Evgeny Paschenko. The subject is its scientific heritage in the study of Ukrainian-Croatian relations, traditional Ukrainian and Croatian culture, scientific and organizational activity as a professor of the Department of Ukrainian language and literature, University of Zagreb, Faculty of Philosophy.

Geographically and chronologically problem related to a wide geographical space and material, while the article focuses mainly on the analysis of materials from Ukraine in the modern Ukrainian and Croatian science.

Formulation of the problem. The article is devoted to the 70th anniversary of the Evgeny Paschenko birthday. Main focus is particularly on highlighting the scientist’s contribution to the development of Ukrainian Croatian Slavistics. This, in fact, caused by the scientific relevance of the article.

Goal. The purpose of work is to highlight the scientific and socio-political activities of Slavist, philologist, folklorist, ethnologist and teacher of High School, doctor of historical sciences, professor of Ukrainian language and literature of the Faculty of Philosophy at the University of Zagreb Evgeny Paschenko, who devoted his life to the service of Ukrainian science and culture in particular. The author tries to distinguish and analyze its contribution to the development of Ukrainian trend in Croatian Slavistics.

Methods. The article used primarily typological and comparative-historical, cultural methods, structural elements of typological, geographical and other methods of ethnology.

Results. On the basis of archive and field sources, scientific literature, reviewed and analyzed major and unexplored Ukrainian trends in the modern Croatian Slavonic studies. The problem of Ukrainian trends in the modern Croatian science related to a wide geographical space and materials. However, that research requires a comprehensive, interdisciplinary comparison. It presents the main results of the study.

Conclusion. Given the complexity of the problem, a broad front of research areas and the topic remains open. At the present stage presentation of results of Ukrainian science is important for Croatia and vice versa — Ukrainian scientists acquainted with the results of Croatian science development. Lack of awareness of Ukrainian Information Fund felt in the Croatian researchers and vice versa — the lack of information on Croatian state — in Ukraine. The next stages of studying is a number of open questions about the research front, which continues to remain promising theme of science, including Slavic studies.

A significant trend in the development of Croatian Ukrainian Slavistics is the role of modern scientist Evgeny Paschenko.

Keywords: Paschenko, philology, Slavic studies, Ukrainian studies, Croatian studies, Institute of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, University of Zagreb.

Received 7.04.2020

REFERENCES

Paschenko, Y. (1983). V. Nazor and folklor in croatian literature. Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
(2004). Ukrainian Baroque: 2 vol. Kharkiv: Akta [in Ukrainian].
Paschenko, Yevhen. (1999). Ethnogenesis and mythology of Croatians in Ukraine [in Croatian].
Paschenko, Yevhen. Juraj Krizanic i Ukrajina. Graditelji europske krscanske unije. Zagreb: Matica hrvatska [in Croatian].

Read»

Our authors
Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »