« 2020. № 2 (152)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2020. № 2 (152), 260—266

UDK 39 (=163.42):930.2(477)]:303.683




Scopus ID: 55804653800

Doctor of Sciences in History, Professor

of the chair of Ukrainian language

and literature of the department of philosophy

of Zagreb university (Croatia)

Trg Republike Hrvatske 14, 10000, Zagreb

Abstract. Introduction. The object of the study is primarily materials from Ukraine in the works of modern Croatian authors. A subject of the study is specific questions: origin of the Croatians, when they come to the southeastern places, meaning of the ethnonym and others.

Geographically and chronologically problem stems from a wide geographical space and material, while the article focuses mainly on the analysis of materials from Ukraine in modern Croatian science.

Formulation of the problem. The problem of Croatian ethnogenesis nowadays is a great historiography. This problem is treated from different perspectives and gives different conclusions. This, in fact, caused by the scientific relevance of the article.

The purpose of the work is to highlight and analyze some of the facts and not enough researched questions of Croatian ethnogenesis.

Methods. The paper used primarily typological and comparative-historical, cultural methods, structural elements of typological, geographical and other methods of ethnology.

Results. On the basis of archival and field sources, scientific literature reviewed and analyzed major and unexplored to date questions of Croatian ethnogenesis in modern Croatian science. Problem of Croatian ethnogenesis in modern Croatian science related to a wide geographical space and materials. At the same time, scientists are provided with unconditional support of constituent material from Ukraine, which requires a comprehensive, interdisciplinary comparison. It presents the main results of the study.

Conclusion. We are working on this research by looking at the complexity of the problem, a broad front of research areas and the topic still remains open. At the present stage it is an important presentation of the results of Ukrainian science in the study of ethnogenetical processes where one of the first, certainly not the only acts archaeological material and information about it. Lack of awareness of Ukrainian Information Fund felt in the Croatian researchers and vice versa – the lack of information on Croatian state — in Ukrainian. The next stages of studying could include the number of open questions about the research front, which continues to remain promising theme of science, including Slavic studies. However, at this stage it is difficult to talk about development of the study of old Slavic Studies, which, after two centuries past, call the era of the great Slavic studies in the twentieth century was the status that threatens to approach the status of unclaimed. However, focusing on the study of problems of national culture, gives rise to the dynamics in the study of actual problems that we can see the example of the Croatian perspective, some of which are outlined in this study.

Keywords: ethnogenesis, Croatians, mythology, Slavic, Carpathians.

Received 25.03.2020


Еtnogeneza. Hrvatska enciklopedija. Zagreb: Leksikografskij zavod Miroslava Krleza. Retrieved from:[in Croatian].
Paschenko, Yevhen. (2013). Problems and objectives of comparative study of Croatian ethnogenesis in Ukrainian context. Etnoheneza khorvativ i Ukraina (Pp. 290-315). Drohobych [in Ukrainian].
Paschenko, Yevhen. (1999). Etnogeneza i mitologija Hrvata u kontekstu Ukrajine. Zagreb [in Croatian].
Hrvati, Hrvatska enciklopedija: Retrieved from: [in Croatian].
Paschenko, Yevhen. Tajanstveno ime Hrvat. Etnogeneza i mitologija Hrvata u kontekstu Ukrajine (Pp. 61—74) [in Croatian].
Paschenko, Yevhen. (2016). The importance of landscape in toponymy contextualization. Sacralization of landscape and Sacred Places. Book of Abstracts / Belaj, Juraj (ur.) (Pp. 12—13). Zagreb: Institute of archeology.
Paschenko, Yevhen. Dubrovnik comparative Study in Slavic mythology. Balkan reading. 1 Symposium on the structure of the text (Pp. 133-136). Moskva: Akademija nauk SSSR; Institut slavjanovedenija i balkanistiki [in Russian].
Paschenko, Yevhen. Mytheme on the map of Dubrovnik. Visnyk of the Lviv University. Philological Series (Issue 59, pp. 77-82). Scientific journal [in Ukrainian].
Paschenko, Yevhen. (2017). Povijesni tekst prijelaznoga razdoblja: Neke osobitosti sadrzaja i forme Kraljevstva Slavena Mavra Orbinija. Komparativna povijest hrvatske knjizevnosti. Vrsta ili zanr. Zbornik radova s XIX. Međunarodnoga znanstvenog skupa (Pp. 48—63). Split; Zagreb: Knjizevni krug Split; Odsjek za komparativnu knjizevnost Filozofskoga fakulteta u Zagrebu [in Croatian].
Paschenko, Yevhen. Juraj Krizanic i Ukrajina. Graditelji europske krscanske unije. Zagreb: Matica hrvatska [in Croatian].
Paschenko, Yevhen, & Nabytovych, I. (Ed.). (2016). Ukrainian Baroque role in the view of Juraj Krizhanich. Traveling through the Worlds and the Ages. Collection of Articles in Honor of Yuriy Peleshenko (Pp. 180-193). Kyiv; Drohobych: Posvit [in Ukrainian].


Our authors
Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »