« 2020. № 2 (152)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2020. № 2 (152), 267—275

UDK 930:39](571.1/.5)”189″(092)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2020.02.267

SIBERIAN ETHNOLOGICAL STUDIES OF POLITICAL EXILE YA. STEFANOVYCH (90’S OF THE XIX TH CENTURY)

BILOUS Vira

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7848-180X

Ph D in History,

Senior Researcher, the Department of Modern Ethnology

The Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,

Contacts: e-mail: bilka3@gmail.com

Abstract. Introduction. The domain of Ukrainian ethnology includes the studies of traditional culture not only of the own nation, but also of foreign ethnic groups, including those in Siberia. In the conditions of foreign enslavement of Ukraine, the issue of contribution of the compatriots to the understanding of the peoples of the world has rarely been studied, moreover, many of the achievements of our fellow nationals have been appropriated by other nations.

Problem Statement. Today, it is necessary to find and comprehend the Siberian heritage of the fellow nationals and return it to the national intellectual treasury, since this will help to form a holistic view of the role of Ukrainians in the progress of world ethnology. One of those who became acquainted with the traditional culture of autochthons of North Asia in the 19th century was a native of Sumy region, Yakiv Stefanovych. He is well known in the academic circles as an active revolutionary populist, but his ethnographic activity during the Siberian exile is little known to Ukrainian society.

The purpose of the proposed article is to identify the works of Ya. Stefanovych on the ethnology of the peoples of Eastern Siberia, to establish their novelty and scientific value, to reproduce the main biographical milestones of the scientist during the exile period.

The method of historiographic analysis has helped to determine the circumstances of the emergence of Altaian studies, the form and method of collection and analytical activity. The comparative-historical method made it possible to comprehend the legacy of Ya. Stefanovych in comparison with the achievements in Siberian studies by his predecessors and contemporaries, as well as the modern ethnologists.

The exploratory and analytical work resulted in finding out the diverse and fruitful activity of Ya. Stefanovych in North Asia, his involvement has been established in contributing to the knowledge about the most remote eastern ethnic groups of Yakuts and Evenks, the priority in the study of their rock painting and development of methods of recording ritual actions. In conclusions, the importance of Ya. Stefanovych’s ethnological studies for the world Siberian studies and their demand in the modern Altaian studies are emphasized.

Keywords: Ya. Stefanovych, ethnologic studies, traditional culture, expeditions, Evenks, Yakuts.

Received 10.03.2020

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