« 2020. № 2 (152)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2020. № 2 (152), 267—275

UDK 930:39](571.1/.5)”189″(092)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2020.02.267



ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7848-180X

Ph D in History,

Senior Researcher, the Department of Modern Ethnology

The Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,

Contacts: e-mail: bilka3@gmail.com

Abstract. Introduction. The domain of Ukrainian ethnology includes the studies of traditional culture not only of the own nation, but also of foreign ethnic groups, including those in Siberia. In the conditions of foreign enslavement of Ukraine, the issue of contribution of the compatriots to the understanding of the peoples of the world has rarely been studied, moreover, many of the achievements of our fellow nationals have been appropriated by other nations.

Problem Statement. Today, it is necessary to find and comprehend the Siberian heritage of the fellow nationals and return it to the national intellectual treasury, since this will help to form a holistic view of the role of Ukrainians in the progress of world ethnology. One of those who became acquainted with the traditional culture of autochthons of North Asia in the 19th century was a native of Sumy region, Yakiv Stefanovych. He is well known in the academic circles as an active revolutionary populist, but his ethnographic activity during the Siberian exile is little known to Ukrainian society.

The purpose of the proposed article is to identify the works of Ya. Stefanovych on the ethnology of the peoples of Eastern Siberia, to establish their novelty and scientific value, to reproduce the main biographical milestones of the scientist during the exile period.

The method of historiographic analysis has helped to determine the circumstances of the emergence of Altaian studies, the form and method of collection and analytical activity. The comparative-historical method made it possible to comprehend the legacy of Ya. Stefanovych in comparison with the achievements in Siberian studies by his predecessors and contemporaries, as well as the modern ethnologists.

The exploratory and analytical work resulted in finding out the diverse and fruitful activity of Ya. Stefanovych in North Asia, his involvement has been established in contributing to the knowledge about the most remote eastern ethnic groups of Yakuts and Evenks, the priority in the study of their rock painting and development of methods of recording ritual actions. In conclusions, the importance of Ya. Stefanovych’s ethnological studies for the world Siberian studies and their demand in the modern Altaian studies are emphasized.

Keywords: Ya. Stefanovych, ethnologic studies, traditional culture, expeditions, Evenks, Yakuts.

Received 10.03.2020


Volkovyns’kyj, V. (2002). Revolutionary terrorism in the 19th century. Political terror and terrorism in Ukraine in the 19th—20th centuries. Historical essay (Pp. 3072). Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
Nikolaieva, V. (1982). From the history of Ukrainian-Yakut relations. Ukrainian historical Journal, 19, 6773 [in Ukrainian].
Nikolaev, V. (1927). Political reference in the study of the Yakut region. In Yakut captivity. From the history of political exile in the Yakut region. Collection of materials and memories (Pp. 181202). Moskva [in Russian].
Erlich, V. (2005). Scientific Book of Siberia and the Russian Far East in the XVIII th — beginning of the XX th century. Novosibirsk [in Russian].
Remizovskij, V. (2002). Polish geologists (from materials of personal archive. Vestnik Sahalinskogo muzeja, 9, 329331 [in Russian].
Tihomirov, L. (2000). Shadows of the new. Moskva: Izdatel’stvo zhurnala «Moskva» [in Russian].
Riabinin-Skliarevs’kyj, O. (1924). Ukrainian songs by Yakiv Stefanovych. Ukraina, 4, 6263. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Popov, I. (1989). Forgotten Irkutsk pages. Notes of the editor. Irkutsk: Vostochno-sibirskoe knizhnoe izdatel’stvo [in Russian].
Stefanovich, Ja. (1896). From Yakutsk to Ayan. Track observations. Zapiski Vostochno-Sibirskogo otdela Imperatorskogo Russkogo geograficheskogo obshhestva (Vol. 2, is. 3, pp. 1185). Irkutsk [in Russian].
Lukina, A. (2017). Krugovye tantsy ikh znachenie i rol’ v zhiznedeyatel’nosti narodov Severa. Culture and Сivilization (Vol. 7, is. 4А, pp. 665679). Noginsk [in Russian].
Vasilevich, G. (1969). Evenks. Historical and ethnographic essays (18th — beginning of the 20th centuries). Leningrad: Nauka. Leningradskoe otdelenie [in Russian].
Okladnikov, A., & Mazin, A. (1979). The scribbles of the Aldan river basin. Novosibirs’k [in Russian].
The Khabarovsk Krai will help Yakutia to get to the sea. Retrieved from: http://yakutia.info/article/176044 (Last accessed: 10.10 2019).
Stefanovich, Ja. (1900). The Chuya River. With brief information about its population, fishery and sable industry. Izvestija Vostochno-Sibirskogo otdela Imperatorskogo Russkogo geograficheskogo obshhestva (Vol. 30, is. 23, pp. 30164). Irkutsk [in Russian].
Popov, A. (1932). Materials for bibliography of Russian literature on the study of shamanism of the North Asian peoples. Leningrad [in Russian].
Stefanovich, Ja. (1897). On shamanism. Zemlevedenie, 1—2, 2948. Moskva [in Russian].
Jeliade, M. (2000). Shamanism and the most ancient ways of ecstasy. Kiev: Sofija [in Russian].
Vajnshtejn, S., & Moskalenko, N. (1995). Problems of the Tuvan shamanism: genesis, chosenness, efficiency of healing shamanistic rituals, modern renaissance. Shamanism and early religious bel (Pp. 6275). Moskva [in Russian].
Slobodin, S. (2005). The Remarkable Scholar of Northern Peoples (Toward the 150th Anniversary of V.I. Jochelson). Ethnographic survey, 5, 1430 [in Russian].
Anuchin, D. (1911). On the application of the phonograph in ethnography in particular in the record of shamanistic rituals in Srednekolymsk of the Yakutiya region. Trudy Muzykal’no-etnograficheskoj komissii Obshhestva ljubitelej estestvoznanija, antropologii i etnografii (Vol. 2, pp. 269297). Moskva [in Russian].
Zelenin, D. (1936). The cult of the Ongons in Siberia. Remnants of totemism in the ideology of the Siberian peoples. Moskva; Leningrad [in Russian].


Our authors
On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »

Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »