« 2020. № 2 (152)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2020. № 2 (152), 276—292

UDK 94:[398.341:643.01](477.85)”18/19″


TRADITIONAL DWELLING IN BUKOVYNA PODILLYA SECOND HALF OF THE 19th — EARLY 20th CENTURIES (based on materials from Khotyn district, Chernivtsi region)



Doctor of Sciences in History,Senior Researcher

of the Institute of Ethnology

of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,

in the Department of Historical Ethnology,

Svobody Avenue 15, 79000,

Lviv, Ukraine

Contacts: e-mail:

Abstract. The author aims to find out, on the basis of materials from the Khotyn district, features of traditional housing construction of the second half of the 19th — beginning of the 20th centuries of Bukovyna Podillya, to reveal its local specifics and common features with the dwelling of Podillya and Transnistrian Pokuttya in the proposed exploration. The object of the study is the traditional construction of the Bukovina, and the subject is dwelling (planning, engineering and technology of construction of walls, ceilings, roofs, heating systems, etc.). The methodological basis of the study is the principle of historicism in combination with the elements of structural and functional analysis and the use of basic methods of ethnological science: typological, complex and retrospective analysis, historical reconstruction, etc. The territory of the study covers Khotyn district, Chernivtsi region. The basis of the work is the materials of the author, collected in the Khotyn district during 1987—2017, as well as archival materials of the Lviv Museum of Folk Architecture named after Klimenty Sheptytsky.

The most common were building of three-sections in two variants: «hata» + «horomy» + «komora» and «hata» + «komora» + «hata» («hatynchyna») in the second half of the 19th and early 20th centuries in Khotyn region.Dwelling of a frame structure with three basic constructive variants with filling walls by types: «killovani», «horodzheni» and «dylovani». The ceiling was made of clay or built of fence, on combined beams. Roofs were four-sloped and covered with straw or reed.The stove and oven were clay-kiln. Although the dusty heating system everywhere in the Ukrainian forest-steppe was eliminated by the beginning of the 20th century, in Khotyn region there were dusty settlements in the 1850’s (though this issue needs clarification). There were single-family dwelling heated in white, less often semi-dusty type of heating in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The internal structure and location of the main subjects inside dwelling of the Khotyn region is almost the same as national one. The peculiarity of the interior design of the Bukovyna dwelling was the widespread use of home-made products as well as relict furniture elements.

Comparison of individual components of housing culture (planning, constructions, heating system, interior, etc.) makes it possible to state that the settlements of Khotyn region are marked by a number of common features with the dwellings of Podillya and the Transnistrian part of Pokuttya. At the same time, they have preserved such relict phenomena that have long since disappeared in other forest-steppe areas.

Keywords: Bukovyna, Khotynshchyna, dwelling, planning, constructions, heating system.

Received 2.03.2020


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