« 2020. № 1 (151)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2020. № 1 (151), 233—244

UDK7.01: 792.01





PhD student at the Lviv National Academy of Arts

38, Kubiiovycha Street, 79011, Lviv, Ukraine

Contacts: e-mail:

Abstract. Background. Studying the stage design of Lviv, one cannot ignore Myron Kypriian — an artist, whose creative achievements include about three hundred stage performances. He began his career at the Theatre of Opera and Ballet, and in fourteen years, he occupied a position of the chief designer in one of the European largest drama theaters — Maria Zankovetska Theater, where he works until present. The article presents the results of a study of Myron Kypriian’s scenography in the 1960s.

Problem Statement. A new source base has been introduced to a scientific circulation, namely theatrical reviews, local press reports of the time, as well as set design sketches and archival materials. We will try to analyze the background of 1960s during this period, a deep understanding of the artist’s creative theatrical heritage gives an opportunity to analyze the period of its formation and its innovative searches in the context of the development of Ukrainian and world scenography.

The purpose of the article is to analyze the stage design by Myron Kypriian in 1960—1969, to consider his influence on the development of the Ukrainian theater. Only after a few years of work in the M. Zankovetsky theatre, he has been raised to the level of the best scenographers in the Soviet Union.

The results of the research. The author of the article explored the sources; expanded and introduced into scientific circulation a new source base (theatrical reviews, reports of the Ukrainian and international press of the time, sketches of scenography, archival materials), on the basis of which the historiography of the study of the selected issues was analyzed and systematized, and the main subject of art set design by iconic theatrical productions created by M. Cyprian in the 1960s.

Conclusion. In his work, M. Cyprian combines the understanding of national form and European art, embodying, using the latest achievements of technology (slides, light effects and projections, films, photo fragments, mobile dynamic structures, the latest materials, etc.). This, in fact, determines the figurative and stylistic features of his work — a subtle rethinking of dramaturgy, conciseness, the ambiguity of a black box of a scene filled with only planes and individual details.

Keywords: artist, set designer, theater reformers, Ukrainian theater in the 1960s, «effective set design».

Received 4.02.2020


Borovska, L. (1994). Myron Kypriian. Ukrainskyi teatr, 2, 28 [in Ukrainian].
Grigoriev, G. (1960, 9 april). Theater in a language of satire. Lvivska pravda (P. 4) [in Ukrainian].
Plaushevskaya, E. (1960, 24 january). Name. Lvivska pravda (P. 3) [in Ukrainian].
Maximenko, S. (2013). Myron Kypriian: «Theater is a nirvana between life and death…». Kino-teatr, 3, 12—13 [in Ukrainian].
Kovalchuk, O. (2006). Artists of the Ukrainian theater of the 1950s — 1980s: imaginative searches in a time conference. Narysy z istorii teatralnoho mystetstva Ukrainy XX ctolittia. Akad. Mystetstvo Ukrainy; In-T Probl. Suchas. Mystetstvo. Kyiv: Intertekhnolohiia (P. 695—786) [in Ukrainian].
Kovalenko, G. (1969, november-december). Palette of Myron Kypriian. Mystetstvo (P. 25—26) [in Ukrainian].
Matskevych, A. (1966, 6 march). Divine Comedy. Lvivska pravda (P. 4) [in Ukrainian].
Ryabokobylenko, S. (1983, 2 august). In the infinity of the scenic space of M. Kipriіan. Vilna Ukraina (P. 3) [in Ukrainian].
Fialko, V. (2012). Renewal of the stage vocabulary of the Ukrainian theater of the 60s — the first half of the 70s of the XX century (first part). Naukovyi Visnyk Kyivskoho Natsionalnoho Universytetu Teatru, Kino i Telebachennia im. I.K. Karpenka-Karoho (Issue 11, pp. 70—89) [in Ukrainian].
Solomon, M. (1969). Drama, warm smile. Kultura i zhyttia (P. 3) [in Ukrainian].
Boboshko, Yu. (1969, 23 march). The Law of Poetic Theater. Kultura i zhyttia (P. 3) [in Ukrainian].
Vallo, M. (1969, 23 may). An attempt at a philosophical play. Literaturna Ukraina, 41 (2635), 3 [in Ukrainian].
Kiselev, J. (1969, 5 june). Zankivchany. Kultura i zhyttia (P. 3) [in Ukrainian].
Kulik, O. (1980). Lviv Theater n. a. M. Zankovetska. Kyiv: Art [in Ukrainian].


Our authors
Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »