The Ethnology Notebooks. 2020. № 3 (153), 637—646
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8680-2124
researcher of ancient Carpathian culture,
Contacts: e-mail: email@example.com
Abstract. Introduction: According to archeological sources, in the past the Carpathian Mountains were inhabited by hunters and gatherers, and later by herders and farmers. In terms of ethnogenesis this territory has some characteristics regarding its geographic location, terrain and natural specifics. Problem statement: Within the aforementioned territory the system of routes, on which the popular well-being, security and cultural exchange depended, had always operated. From both sides of the Carpathia’s researchable part’s watershed there are saddlebacks — the lowered areas on the crests, the ones that could have been the ancient passes with regards to optimal characteristics of their relief. The purpose of the publication: According to the analysis of topographic map of such hypothetical passes, considering the area between the Uzhok and Torun (Vyshkiv) passes, there could have been at least 20 items, which, by the way, are equally good regarding natural and geographic circumstances. In the Ukrainian Carpathian highlands the archeological items are scarce, there are a slightly bigger number of them near the Verkhovyna Basin Crest (mostly casual archeological finds and treasures). The treasures indicate the ancient tracks’ origins as well as, in our opinion, the agelong placenames (the ones that are related to routes and passes). The article used the main methods of historical research — interdisciplinary, complex, analytical and field research methods. Conclusions: We believe that the information we can gather by researching the area’s topography, with fieldwork observation and topographic map, can be considerable source base to use reconstructing ancient history. Discovering the ancient sites in places of the hypothetical roads and passes, might be perceived as the fieldwork’s results.
Keywords: Ukrainian Carpathians; Boykivshchyna; ways of connecting the Ukrainian Carpathians; passes of the Eastern Beskids; archeology of mountains.
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