« 2020. № 4 (154)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2020. № 4 (154), 960

UDK [94:314.1.02](477.83-22)”194/195”(093.2)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2020.04.960

CENSUS OF POPULATION AND ITS PROPERTY STATUS IN SELYSKO VILLAGE, LVIV REGION (1940—1941, 1950-ies)

HORBAL Маrіa

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9287-8336
  • leading scientific editor,
  • The Institute of Ethnology of the National
  • Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
  • 15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine
  • Contacts: e-mail:horbal.m@gmail.com

Abstract. Introduction. The article is based on two original documents that had been written at the request of the Village Council and kept in the private archives of the two villagers — residents of Selysko. Those documents are «Census of the population of Selysko village in Lviv region and its property status (1940—1941)» and «Census of the population of Selisko village in Lviv region in 1950-ies».

The tradition of the census dates back to the times of the Austrian Empire. The first census was conducted in 1870 and have been repeated once in ten years. The Austrian authorities believed that over 10 years significant demographic changes appear in society, and therefore the state must be aware of the overal number of the population, particularly the number of men, women and children, their occupation, religion and nationality. In the case at hand, the census is also conducted once in 10 years, but its purpose is somewhat different — in addition to keeping track of the demography changes it also gathers information on the property status of the residents for the purpose of establishing and collecting taxes.

Problem statement. The subject of the research is the scientific reconstruction of the state policy of the Soviet government in the aspect of management in the villages of Western Ukraine. The purpose of this article is to show the results of the census of Selysko village, now Pustomyty district, Lviv region, and property status of its residents. The research focuses on documents stored in the private archives of the two villagers. Both of these documents are official as they were created and endorsed with proper seals at the request of the Village Council in order to record the number of peasants, their property status and its taxation.

Methods. In a comprehensive analysis of the data related to the population of Selisko village and characteristics of its property status, a method of the structural research is mainly used in this article. Also, a comparative method is used, as this article includes references to rural life since the establishment of the collective farm.

Conclusions. The article concludes by outlining the changes that have taken place in the village over many decades due to the establishment of the collective farm (loss of land) and the decrease in the population due to its outflow to the city (to Vynnyky and Lviv).

Keywords: v. Selisko, Lviv region, census, land, homestead, collective farm.

Received 27.07.2020

REFERENCES

  • Dr. Levitsky Cost (1900). About the census of people. Lviv: Prosvita [in Ukrainian].
  • State Archives of Lviv Region. S. Р-285. D. 1. С. 11. S. 24 [in Ukrainian].

Read»

Our authors
Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »