2020 #4 Triska O.

« 2020. № 4 (154)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2020. № 4 (154), 806—818

UDK [](=161.2)”199/201”

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2020.04.806



  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4717-4396
  • Ph.D, Art History Researcher at Folk Art
  • Department of Ethnology Institute
  • of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
  • 15, Svobody ave., 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: oksana_triska@yahoo.de

Abstract. An important genre of religious painting is iconography, designed for non-liturgical space. Numerous Ukrainian artists, both professional and amateur, work in this direction, but their work is not covered in art history very well. The novelty of the article is the introduction into scientific circulation of a new layer of works that expand and diversify the scope of life of the home icon. The object of the research are the processes of making icons for homes, the subject – the works of 1990—2019, created on the basis of implementing the traditions of folk icon painting. The purpose of the article is to identify current changes and trends in the field of icon painting and to clarify modern models of interpretation of traditional household practices. To do this, it is necessary to use historical-comparative and formal-stylistic methods that allow to consider the longevity of tradition in a cultural context.

Artists develop three areas of home icon painting: making copies of ancient icons, interpretive and authorial works. The article analyzes the first two groups that emerged because of imitation or under the influence of folk images of Bukovyna, Hutsulshchyna and Pokuttya and, in part, church models. In the creative process, borrowing certain iconographic, stylistic or technological elements for a particular icon plays an important role.

One of the main elements that were borrowed is planar-decorative stylistics and different types of ornamental motifs is great associative similarity with the images of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries that is provided by imitation of color. By popularizing ancient iconographic schemes, the authors add new topics to iconography. One of the brightest ways of doing that is to create family icons with numerous security cartridges. The peculiarity of such innovation is the interpretation of plots by means of icon painters of past centuries.

For the first time, the study combines different style researches of Lviv icon painters who work on the basis of one ethnocultural tradition. Authors O. Vynnychok, O. and M. Hnativ, R. Zilinko, O. Lozynsky, U. Nyschuk and others actualize the monuments of antiquity, draw attention to the artistic heritage of Ukraine and offer contemporaries a rich selection of home images with preserved ethnocolor.

Keywords: non-liturgical space, folk art, home icon, iconography, stylistic features, author’s copy, mixed stylistics, home and church icon painting.

Received 29.05.2020


  • Tsuhorka, O.P. (2016). Sacred art of painting: domestic scientific reflection. Bulletin of the National Academy of Management of Culture and Arts, 4, 115—118 [in Ukrainian].
  • Dymyd-Krypyakevych, I. «The icon is my language in which I glorify God». January 4, 2008. Retrieved from: https://risu.org.ua/ua/index/exclusive/events_people/20076/ [in Ukrainian].
  • Klyuchkovska, I. Roman Vasylyk. Path to the icon. Retrieved from: https://risu.org.ua/page.php?_lang=ua&path=monitoring/&name=kaleido_digest&id=45524&alias=& [in Ukrainian].
  • Voloshyn, L. (2012). The interpretation of the sacral art traditions in the works of Kost’ Markovych. Visnyk Lvivskoi natcionalnoi akademii mustectv, 23, 272—279 [in Ukrainian].
  • Triska, O. (2018). The tradition of the domestic icon on glass: revival, interpretation (on the example of the Lviv center). The Ethnology notebooks, 2, 363—371 [in Ukrainian].
  • Folk icon // https://www.facebook.com/pg/narodna.ikona/photos/?ref=page_internal
  • Sventsitska, V. (1990). Radiant colors of «red images» of the Hutsul region. Dzvin, 12, 140—146 [in Ukrainian].
  • Turianska about Turianska. 26 of May 2020 // https://mitec.ua/turyanskaproturyansku/?fbclid=IwAR2oTZAHRasjES2r2RzuNU5CFp7Cdh24K_qrJpFQq5IaHPWoBcPcCZKJFU0 [in Ukrainian]
  • Romaniv-Triska, O. (2008). Western-Ukrainian painting on glass of the XIX — first third of the XX century. Folk icon on glass (Pp. 13—33), Lviv [in Ukrainian].
  • Sventsitska, V.I., & Otkovich, V.P. (1991). Ukrainian folk painting of the XIII—XX centuries. Album. Kyiv: Art [in Ukrainian].
  • Hierodeacon Januariy (Honchar), & Vyacheslav, Shulika (2019). Ukrainian icon. Borysivka settlement of the late XIX — early XX centuries, Kyiv: Ivan Honchar Museum [in Ukrainian].
  • Roman Zilinko and his warm icons. Retrieved from: https://korali.info/usna-tvorchist/roman-zilinko-ta-iogo-tepli-ikoni.html?fbclid=IwAR16a67bhuXkQxa-BQlza8b0feBuk_maLX61LHpj_y9oQ [in Ukrainian].


Our authors
Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »