« 2021. # 2 (157)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2021. # 2 (158), P. 342—354

УДК [39-047.37:[624-051 В.Турчиняк:726.54]:930](477.85/.86-22)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2021.02.342

Yaroslav TARAS

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7241-9466
  • Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor,
  • Institute of the Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
  • Head of the Department of Modern Ethnology,
  • 15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • e-mail: etnomod@ukr.net

VASYL TURCHINYAK AS A BUILDER OF ST.YURIY CHURCH IN THE VILLAGE DULIBY OF THE STRYI DISTRICT

The idea of writing an article appeared during the elaboration of sources for historical and cultural essay about the village Duliby of the Stryi district. In publications devoted to master V. Turchinyak, the Duliby’s Church of St. Yuriy building, there are a number of provisions for which I am as a historian, architect must react, highlight your vision of this figure. The relevance of the topic is outlined.

The purpose of the publication is to consider extensive historiography, to highlight the current state of study of life and artistic heritage of the builder Vasyl Turchinyak from Lug Nadvirna district. The source base of the article is analyzed works devoted to V. Turchinyak, from the end of the XIX century to the present.

For the first time talked about the master at the end of the XIX century, after he was visited by a well-known public figure and ethnographer Volodymyr Shukhevich. It has been established that the study of creativity of master V. Turchinyak activated at the end of XX — early XXI century. This determines the chronological limits of our research.

The participation of V. Turchinyak, Dulibian community and masters in the construction of the Church of St. Yuriy in the village of Duliby is expressed in detail.

The role of Father M. Datsishina in resurrection of memory of the prominent master, in the dissemination of information about the Dulib’s Church of St. Yuriy is relevant.

It is shown what was based on the talent of the master V. Turchinyak, which allowed him to organically combine architectural and constructive elements with the artistic, as he adapted the traditional thread to the requirements of sacred monumental art, created a distinctive style. It was found that the master V. Turchinyak, as most of the folk masters, was endowed with supernatural abilities, as widespread revision of his beliefs, divination, providence.

It is stated that in many today’s publications, we have a valid historical and cultural reality of the creativity of V. Turchinyak, and a variety of oral folklore, in which his figure is grown by weight, people poetize the master who loves and wants to be shown wiser than architect, engineer, mister.

The research methodology is based on theoretical analysis, systematization and generalization, historical examination and observation of the author.

Keywords: Master V. Turchinyak, Church of St. Yuriy in Duliby, Hutsulshchyna, Boykivshchyna.

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