« 2021. # 2 (157)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2021. # 2 (158), P. 435—439

УДК 903.23.02 : 069(477.52-21Конотоп)](045)



  • Doctor of Sciences in Culturology,
  • Ph. D. in History,
  • Head of the Department of History, Museology
  • and Heritage Study, Kharkiv State Academy of Culture,
  • e-mail:


  • Ph. D. in History,
  • Researcher at Department of Nuclear Physics,
  • Institute of Applied Physics of
  • National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
  • e-mail:


Problem statement. Products that were specially made in Ukraine for rituals, which we know from the publications of ethnographers of the last quarter of the nineteenth — first third of the twentieth century remain insufficiently studied. «Troichatky»are one of their little-studied types of clay vessels. Until recently, only one such vessel from Slobozhanshchyna has been investigated, and another has been recently discovered. Given the steady interest in the ritual culture of the Eastern Slavs, the introduction of information about the newly discovered «Troichatky» into scientific circulation is considered relevant.

Purpose of the paper: characteristics of the «Troichatky» glass from village. Kozatske of the Konotop district of the Sumy region and its comparison with other currently known vessels of this type from the territory of modern Ukraine and the Russian Federation.

The methodological basis of the study is the principles of historicism, systematics in combination with historical-comparative, comparative-ethnographic and microhistorical methods.

Results. The vessel studied in the article entered the holdings of the O.M. Lazarevskyi Konotop City Local Lore Museum in 1987 after it was found in an abandoned house. The product consists of three miniature pot-shaped glasses, connected in the lower parts by pieces of clay, to which the lower edges of handles are glued. Holes are punctured through the connection, through which fluid can flow between the vessels. There is no information about the owners and how to use this product. But after mapping the places where there is information about the manufacture or use of «Troichatky», it was found that in Ukraine they are located almost in a straight line along the modern northeastern border. This area is featured by active contacts of Ukrainians with Russians who lived in compact groups next to each other. Vessels with similar parameters are also known in the regions of the Russian Federation remote from the Ukrainian border. This gave grounds to hypothesize that this category of tableware was included in the range of pottery of the border population due to Russian influence or was made by Russian potters. The product from village Kozatske can be dated to the late 19th — first half of the 20th century.

Keywords: the village of Kozatske, «trоichatky»-vessel, wedding ceremony, Russian influence.


  • Sokolovskij, L. (1883). Potters in the Kupyansk district in 1880. Proceedings of the Сommission for the Study of Handicrafts of the Kharkov province (Issue ІІ, pp. 33—57) [in Russian].
  • Sumcov, N.F. (1902). Essays on folk life (From an ethnographic excursion in 1901 in the Akhtyrka district of the Kharkov province). Collection of the Kharkov Historical and Philological Society (Vol. 13); Proceedings of the Kharkiv preliminary committee on the arrangement of the XII archaeological congress (Vol. ІІ). Har’kov: Tipo-Litografija «Pechatnoe delo» [in Russian].
  • Scherban’, O. (2015). The unique wedding receptacle of Slobozhanshchyna — «cups-triychatky». The Ethnology notebooks, 4, 984—987 [in Ukrainian].
  • Kalinin, A. (2004). Russian and foreign vessels with secrets. Moskow: Granica [in Russian].
  • Mashkin, A. (1863). Customs and rituals of the common people in the town of Oboyan. Proceedings of the Kursk Provincial Statistical Committee, 1, 484—505 [in Russian].
  • Plotnikova, I. (2000). Cup-«trojka». Science and life, 12. Retrieved from: (Last accessed: 10.12.2020) [in Russian].
  • Nomis, M. (Ed.). (1864). Ukrainian proverbs, sayings and so on. S.-Peterburh: v drukarniakh Tyblena y komp. y Kulisha [in Ukrainian].
  • Lytvynova-Bartosh, P. (1900). Wedding ceremonies and customs in the village of Zemlyanka, Hlukhiv district, Chernihiv region. Materials on Ukrainian-Russian ethnology, 3, 71—173 [in Ukrainian].


Our authors
Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »