« 2021. # 2 (157)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2021. # 2 (158), P. 456—471

УДК 398.22+81:[394.262:64+46/392.81]

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2021.02.456

Iryna KOVAL-FUCHYLO

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4048-914

  • Dr. Philology, Older Scientific Worker,
  • Rylsky Institute for Art Studies,
  • Folklore and Ethnology,
  • Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences,
  • 4, Hrushevskoho str., 01001, Kyiv, Ukraine,
  • e-mail: koval-fuchylo@ukr.net

MEMORIAL CULTURE AND ORAL STORIES ABOUT RELOCATION FROM FLOOD ZONES

The article analyses the main commemorative practices dedicated to flooded settlements in Ukraine, activities aimed at archiving, conservation, promotion of information about these villages. The main material of the study is typical fragments of stories about forced relocation from the flood zone, namely stories about annual meetings of migrants from one village, former fellow villagers, publication of books about flooded villages, the creation of a museum devoted to flooded villages. Meetings of migrants are the most common social form of preserving the cultural memory about flooded zones. The action and subject lines in these memorial practices are described, namely collective meals, hymns, photography. The described forms of cultural memory preservation are components of Ukraine modern memorial culture.

The purpose of the article is to describe the action and subject code of these memorial practices, namely joint meals, hymns, photography, as well as to describe other forms of cultural memory preservation, namely books about flooded villages, a public initiative to create a museum of flooded villages. The described forms of cultural memory preservation are components of Ukraine modern memorial culture. Chronological boundaries of the study — 1960—2019. General (observation, comparison) and special (interviews, comparative-historical, structural, textual analysis) research methods were used. The main source material is interviews recorded and deciphered by the author during 2012—2019 with migrants from flooded villages.

The facts that the story about the commemoration becomes part of a personal memory, indicate that the memorial events mentioned have already become part of the social and cultural memory of the social group of migrants. These stories have already undergone a significant folklorization, which consists in the similarity and a certain phrases pattern and structural parts of the text: first they tell about the date of the meeting, then about its place, then about leaving for the Dnipro and a common party. The presence of migrants meetings photos in the books about flooded villages, the existence of stories about these meetings in the people memories suggest that history is already the actual meeting of migrants, and these events to some extent «displace» the memory about resettlement and flooding.

Keywords: oral history, forced relocation, flooded village, memorial culture, anthem, towel, museum.

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