Archive

« 2021. # 2 (158)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2021. # 2 (158), P. 255—261

УДК 821.161.2.09″18″Л.Українка 

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2021.02.255

Yevhen PASHCHENKO

  • Scopus ID: 55804653800
  • Doctor of Sciences in History and Philology,
  • Professor of the chair of Ukrainian language
  • and literature of the department
  •  of philosophy of Zagreb university (Croatia)
  • Ivana Luiza, 3, 10000, Zagreb
  • e-mail: yevgpan9@gmail.com

LESYA UKRAINKA AS A REPRESENTATIVE OF UKRAINIAN MODERN

The purpose of the article is to highlight the work of Lesya Ukrainka as a representative of Ukrainian modern.

Actuality of theme. The article is devoted to the 150th anniversary of the birth of the outstanding poetess, whose work is interpreted as a clear example of modern culture, a concept that, unfortunately, is not present enough in studies about Lesya. The article also presents Croatian Ukrainian studies at the University of Zagreb, which emerged as a result of mutual recognition of the independence of Ukraine and Croatia, and as a celebration of the 30th anniversary

The subject of the research is the presentation of the life and work of Lesya Ukrainka in Croatian Ukrainian studies by publishing a monograph on the writer in the context of Ukrainian modernism. Modern culture is presented in architecture, painting, arts and crafts, literature in the vast European space, which belongs to Ukraine. The mythological symbolism of the writer’s work is considered as a typical stylistic feature of modernism, which is illustrated by visual examples in the architecture of painting of the Ukrainian secession, modernism. The focus is on the imagological aspect of creativity — the reflection of national problems in the context of world culture as a counter discourse to imperial discourse. The analysis is based on comparative-typological and historical-cultural methods.

The conclusions state that Lesya Ukrainka’s work belongs to the Art Nouveau style, and the writer is characterized as a clear representative of Ukrainian Art Nouveau — a concept, unfortunately, is insufficiently covered in Ukrainian literary criticism. However, it is widely represented in architecture as Ukrainian Art Nouveau and in painting as Ukrainian Art Nouveau, which together with the works of writers creates a majestic and rich ensemble of Ukrainian Art Nouveau. The need to show the connection of Ukrainian modernism with folk art deserves special attention.

Keywords: Ukrainian modern, imagology, Lesya Ukrainka, Repin, imperial discourse.

REFERENCES

  • Matusyak, Agnieszka, & Demska-Budzulyak, L. (2016). In the circle of Ukrainian secession. Selected problems of creative poetics of the Young Muse writers. Translated from the Polish by Lesya Demska-Budzuliak: Pyramid [in Ukrainian].
  • Pashchenko, Ye., & Fuderer, T. (2020). Lesya Ukrainka and the culture of Ukrainian modernity. On the occasion of the 150th anniversary of the birth of Lesya Ukrainka. Ucrainiana-Croatica Library (Book 23). Zagreb: Department of Ukrainian Language and Literature; Faculty of Philosophy in Zagreb; Association of Croatian-Ukrainian Cooperation [in Croatian].
  • Pashchenko, Eugene. (2015). Juraj Krizanic and Ukraine. Builders of the European Christian Union. Zagreb: Matica hrvatska [in Croatian].
  • Pashchenko, Eugene. (2016). Croatian graves 1914—1918. Carpathians, Galicia, Bukovina. Zagreb: Hrvatski drzavni arhiv [in Croatian].
  • (1990). Ukrainian avant-garde 1910—1930. Zagreb [in Croatian].

Read»

Our authors
Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »