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« 2021. # 3 (159)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2021. № 3 (159), 700—708

UDK 821.161.2″18/19″-32Стефаник.091:821.16″18/19″

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2021.03.700

VASYL STEFANYK IN THE POLISH-UKRAINIAN DIALOGUE

HNATIUK Mychajlo

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0742-8272
  • Doctor of Philology, Professor,
  • Ivan Franko National University of Lviv,
  • Department of Theory of Literature and Comparative Literature,
  • Head of Department,
  • 1, Universytetska Str.,  79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail:mychajlo.hnatiuk@gmail.com

Abstract. Problem statement.  The 150th anniversary of Vasyl Stefanyk, which is celebrated in 2021, has significantly intensified the study of the writer’s work. It is noteworthy that Ukrainian and foreign literary critics have already departed from Soviet stereotypes, which interpreted the master’s work only as a «singer of the disadvantaged peasantry». Today, a large number of Stefan scholars try to present the work of a talented novelist as a follower of European modernists. Meanwhile, the writer himself developed his own, Stefanyk style of writing, completely original, different from everything that was in Ukrainian literature so far. The main subject of the image in his works was the fate of the Pokut peasant, as well as the newborn intelligentsia.

The article is devoted to the analysis of modernist searches in the literature of the late XIX — early XX centuries (object of study).

The author explores V. Stefanyk’s contacts with the Ukrainian and Polish artistic circles of Lviv and Krakow of that time, emphasizing the unique individual manner of the Ukrainian novelist (subject of study). 

The cultural and artistic environment of Krakow undoubtedly influenced the development of the new modern style of V. Stefanyk’s narration. Expressionism as the basis of the writer’s creative thinking was the source of his artistic individuality, which had a significant impact on the further development of Polish and Ukrainian literature.

Applied research methods: biographical, textual, historiographical, comparative and generalization method.

Keywords: Vasyl Stefanyk, literary environment, author’s individuality, modernism in Slavic literatures, impressionism, expressionism.

Received  14.06.2021

REFERENCES

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