« 2021. # 4 (160)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2021. № 4 (160), 886—892

UDK398.41(=1:477.82-021.181)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2021.04.886

«BLUD» IN THE DEMONOLOGICAL IDEAS AND BELIEFS OF THE PEOPLE OF VOLHYNIA

KRYVENKO Anastasiia

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9353-2919
  • Candidate of Sciences in History,
  •  Senior Researcher,
  • the Institute of Ethnology
  • of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
  • The Department of Modern Ethnology,
  • 15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: е-mail: n.d.kryvenko@gmail.com

Abstract. According to the materials of field research of the author in the article it is analyzed the demonological representations of Volynians about Blud. The study area covers ethnographic Volhynia with a well-preserved existence of archaic ideas, which, however, are insufficiently covered in the ethnographic literature. The introductioninto scientific circulation and analysis of field materials collected by the author on the territory of ethnographic Volhynia is the scientifically significant and actual task. The object of the research is Blud as the demonological character in the mithological ideas of the people of Volhynia. The subject— characteristics of the people of Volhynia ideas about its appearance, function, location, genesis, as well as magical and ritual methods of ptotection from it and its neutralization. The purpose of the study is a comprehensive description of traditional demonological notions of the «Blud», represented in the beliefs, customs and rituals of Volhynia. The chronology of the study covers the period from the middle of the XIX century to the modern period of the studied phenomena. The article is based on methodological approaches to the complex historical and ethnological study of ethnocultural phenomena and covers the application of various methods (field observation, typological analysis, structural-functional, comparative-historical, reconstructive, structural-semantic). The source basis of the study is the ethnographic materials collected during historical and ethnographic expeditions by the author during 2009—2019. It was found that the Blud is one of the most common images in the traditional demonological ideas of the people of Volhynia, which today in many stories and tales is identified with the image of the devil. Archaic features, specific local features of Volhynia beliefs about fornication, as well as in some preventive and apotropaic ways to prevent and neutralize its harmful effects have been identified.

Keywords: ethnographic Volhynia, Blud, demonology, ideas, beliefs, apotropaic.

Received 10.08.2021

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