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The Ethnology Notebooks. 2022. № 1 (163), 152—161

UDK 821.161.2-312.3.09″191″М.Коцюбинський:[39:639](477.85/.87)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2022.01.152

REFLECTION OF HUTSUL’S ECONOMIC ACTIVITY IN THE STORY OF MYCHAILO KOTSYUBYNSKY «SHADOWS OF FORGOTTEN ANCESTORS» (based on a comparison with Volodymyr Shukhevych’s «Hutsulshchyna»)

KARPENKO Andrii

  • ORCID ID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2005-1169
  • Candidate of Sciences in History,
  • Ukrainian language and literature teacher,
  • Secondary General Education School № 55 of the city of Lviv,
  • 91, Stepana Bandery Str., 79013, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: andriykarpenko91@ukr.net

Abstract. The study of ethnographic foundations of literary works is one of the important areas of ethnography, which is developing in many countries around the world. Such studies not only allow to assert the realistic component of works of literature, but also provide an opportunity to reproduce cultural realities in the best possible way during their film adaptations.

This already testifies to the relevance of the topic of the proposed article, the purpose of which is a comprehensive comparative characterization of ethnographisms devoted to Hutsul economic activities, from Mychailo Kotsyubynsky story «Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors» and relevant materials from Volodymyr Shukhevych’s work «Hutsulshchyna».

The object of research is M. Kotsyubynsky’s story «Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors», and the subject — the peculiarities of the writer’s image of Hutsul economic activities, in particular, its relevance to the realities of their traditional culture (which allows to establish a comparative analysis of the text with ethnographic work of V. Shukhevych).

In view of the above, the methodological basis of the study are compliance with the principle of historicism and the comparative method.

The territorial boundaries of the study cover the Galician part of the Hutsul land as an ethnographic region of Ukraine.

In conclusion, it is stated that in M. Kotsyubynsky’s story «Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors» the economic activities of the Hutsuls are reflected quite well, as they are a kind of background for the development of story lines.

The writer focused on livestock, in particular, Polonyn economy. The vast majority of the ethnographic realities mentioned by M. Kotsyubynsky echo the details (both in terms of terminology and subject matter) with the text of V. Shukhevych’s «Hutsulshchyna». This suggests that the work of the ethnographer was one of the source bases of the story «Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors».

Keywords: Mykhailo Kotsyubynsky, «Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors», «Hutsulshchyna» by Volodymyr Shukhevych, Hutsuls, Polonyn farm, gathering.

Received 19.01.2022

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