The Ethnology Notebooks. 2022. № 2 (164), 501—516
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Abstract. Formulation of the problem. In September 1939, the so-called liberation campaign of the Red Army in Western Ukraine ended. And immediately began a terrible repression against the same «Ukrainian bourgeois nationalists», that is — against the patriotic public, including young people. Members of the NKVD persecuted people not only for political activity, but simply for participating in cultural events. At the beginning of the German-Soviet war, Lviv prisons were overcrowded with Ukrainian citizens expressing their national position in any form.
The atrocities of the NKVD, the arrival of the new, German occupation authorities led to the mobilization of the Ukrainian population in the insurgent resistance movement. In October 1942, at a special military conference of the OUN, a decision was made to begin the creation of insurgent units, which were later renamed the Ukrainian Insurgent Army, UPA. UPA fought against both — German troops and the even more terrible «liberators», the Red Army. Every village in Western Ukraine was involved in the UPA.
The purpose of the article is through the prism of memories of the villagers. The village of Lviv region, now Pustomyty district, determined the involvement of peasants in the Ukrainian insurgent movement of the 1940s (chronological boundaries of the study).
Actuality of theme. The topic of the struggle for the establishment of Ukrainian statehood is more relevant than ever, during the war with the Russian occupiers. A fierce struggle was waged with the same occupiers 80 years ago in our region. And the coverage of the struggle for independence of Ukraine in one village is a brick in the history of the struggle for independence of the whole state.
Novelty of the article. For the first time in the history of the study of the insurgent movement in Western Ukraine, a large area of the insurgent detachment’s location, Bunkri, was discovered. This publication is an incentive for researchers of the insurgent movement to search for the UPA archives in this area.
The result of the study is to find the names of fighters for the independence of a particular village and their perpetuation through publication.
The research methodology is based on the application of the principles of scientificity, objectivity and historicism, and in the process of studying the material the method of historical reconstruction and field ethnographic research was used, in particular interviewing respondents.
Keywords: Ukrainian Insurgent Army, p. Village, Bunkry, the location of the insurgent detachment, self-sacrifice, courage, betrayal, slander.
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