« 2023. # 1 (169)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2023. № 1 (169), 95—119

UDK [39:911.373:643.53:645.48-053.2/.6](477:292.452=161.2)”19/20″

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2023.01.095

DEVICES FOR CHILDREN’S SLEEP AND REST IN THE EVERYDAY LIFE OF CARPATHIAN UKRAINIANS IN THE END OF THE XIXTH — THE FIRST HALF OF THE XXTH CENTURIES

SYVAK Vasyl

  • ORCID ID: https:/ /orcid.org/0000-0002-6444-0705
  • Candidate of Sciences in History, Researcher,
  • Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
  • Department of Historical Ethnology,
  • Prospekt Svobody, 15, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: suvakvasul@gmail.com

Abstract. Furniture intended for sleep and rest for children took an important role in the daily life of Ukrainian`s of Carpathians at the end of the 19th — the first half of the 20th century. These included cradles, cradles-cribs, and cribs of various materials, sizes, shapes, structural details, connections, and decorative solutions, which were made at home for children of different age categories — from one to four years. This gives us a reason to separate them into a corresponding component in the structure of the study of folk furniture of Ukrainian Highlanders in general. They functioned in public housing in all ethnic lands of Ukraine, countries of Europe, Asia and the Caucasus. To date, there are no general works on the problem indicated for research, in which these products would be reflected.

The relevant matter of investigation for Ukrainian ethnological science to this day is study of handmade, or with the help of appropriate means at home, products dedicated for children, which functioned in the peasant housing of the Carpathian Ukrainians in the late XIXth — the first half of the XXth centuries, the basis of which were cradles, cradles-cribs and cribs, which was also characteristic for other ethnographic regions and districts of Ukraine (according to the current zoning). The purpose of the research is to collect, analyze, systematize available sources, archival, museum and published materials of researchers of different periods on the researched topic. The object of the study is products for appropriate age category children’s` sleep or rest, and the subject is a variety of materials from which tools, technical and constructive options were made. The general scientific principles of historicism, systematicity, and scientific objectivity became the methodological basis of the research, which made it possible to carry out the necessary scientific analysis of the researched topic in general, as well as its individual aspects. To date, the specified problem has not been a separate object of research. The territory of the study covers three ethnographic regions of the Ukrainian Carpathians  Boikivshchyna, Hutsulshchyna and Lemkivshchyna. The chronological limits of the study cover the end of the 19th  the first half of the 20th century. The source base was formed with the help of stationary and route ethnographic expeditions, during which the recording of field materials was carried out by means of photography, measurements, sketching of relevant objects, oral interviews of respondents, therefore a significant part of the work is the author’s field materials.

Keywords: Ukrainian Carpathians, Boikos, Hutsuls, Lemkos, cradles, cradle-cribs, cots, devices, products, means, methods.

Received 15.02.2023

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