« 2023. # 1 (169)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2023. № 1 (169), 120—125

UDK 930.2:[[39:728](=161.2):[72.04:745.51]](477.43-22)”18/19″

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2023.01.120



  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6849-2705
  • Candidate of Historical Sciences, Doctor of Philosophy,
  • Senior Researcher,
  • State Enterprise «Research Center «Protective Archaeological Service»
  • of the Institute of Archeology of NASU»
  • Kamianets-Podilskyi, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: kparchaeology@gmail.com


  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8596-8974
  • Candidate of Historical Sciences, Doctor of Philosophy,
  • Researcher Fellow
  • of department of Historical Ethnology of the Institute
  • of Ethnology The National Academy
  • of Sciences of Ukraine,
  • 15, Svoboda Ave., 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: hoshchitska.tetiana@gmail.com

Abstract. Introduction: Folk construction is an extremely interesting and diverse component of the traditional culture of Ukrainians. Despite undergoing constant improvement, folk architecture also preserved many archaic features over the centuries. Problem Statement: Despite the significant research potential, it must be stated that the study of the specifics of the tradition of housing construction of some ethnographic regions is insufficient. Among them, in particular, there is the traditional architecture of Podillia, which was marked by the existence of a significant variety of construction techniques, methods and materials, which, however, have not been brought into the research focus. The object of the given article is the constructive elements of Podillia housing of the ethnographic period, the subject is a board with carvings found during the dismantling of a window frame in a house of the 19th — the first half of the 20th century, from the village of Surzha, Kamianets-Podilskyi district, Khmelnytskyi region. Purpose: The scientific novelty is that the researched beam with a carved image of a cross and several Cyrillic inscriptions was interpreted by us as a svolok (the main beam, under the ceiling in a wooden structure, in an old Ukrainian house, which was usually located along the longitudinal axis) that was reused in a new dwelling. Мethods: We used methods of analysis and synthesis, comparative methods, methods of field research and interdisciplinary methods. Conclusion: In the case of a svolok fragment found in the village of Surzha, we most likely see an example of reusing an old svolok in a new house. However, here it was turned into a window frame. This is certainly an interesting ethnographic case, some aspects of which still require additional research. Above all, this concerns the reading and interpretation of the inscriptions (the working version proposed by Timur Bobrovsky is now perceived as the most likely), as well as more accurate dating of the find.

Keywords: beam, forms of crosses, folk architecture, carving, Podillia.

Received 6.01.2023


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