Archive

« 2023. # 1 (169)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2023. № 1 (169), 207—217

UDK 738.071.1.04.02(477)”19/20″

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2023.01.207

POTTERY WONDERLAND OF OKSANA MARTYNOVYCH — TOUCHES TO THE CREATIVE PORTRAIT

MOTYL Romana

  • ORCID ID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6936-0328
  • Candidate of Arts (Ph. D), Associate Professor,
  • Department of Design and Architecture Fundamentals,
  • Lviv Polytechnic National University,
  • 12 Bandery St., 79013, Lviv, Ukraine;
  • Senior Researcher Folk Art Department,
  • Ethnology Institute of NAS of Ukraine,
  • 15, Svobody ave., 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: romana_motyl@ukr.net

Abstract. Introduction. Today, when the enemy is trying to deprive us of our national identity by all means, the relevance of products made in the traditional way on a potter’s wheel is growing, because they retain a very close connection with the old past. In this article, we aim to explore the phenomenon of creativity of the famous artist Oksana Martynovych, whose artistic search is considered through the prism of Ukrainian traditional art.

The object of research is the creative heritage of Oksana Martynovych.

The subject of the study is typological features, stylistics and artistic features of works of pottery, Easter eggs, graphics, painting on glass.

The chronological framework of the study covers the period from the early 1990s to the present day.

The methodology of the work consists in the application of a comprehensive methodology formed from a combination of a number of scientific methods: comparative-historical, structural-typological, analytical-descriptive, figurative-stylistic analysis.

Results. Oksana Martynovych is an original and bright artistic personality. Her creative work is significant and is a noticeable phenomenon in modern Ukrainian culture. The artist’s creativity is multifaceted: from applied ceramics and decorative plastics to graphics, Easter eggs and glass painting. O. Martynovych is a member of the National Union of Masters of Folk Art of Ukraine (1996), a repeated winner of the «Lviv Glory» Prize named after A. Vakhnyanyn (2001; 2016), a participant of all-Ukrainian and international symposiums and exhibitions of pottery, a teacher, a public activist and a volun teer.

With the help of two basic simple volumes — a ball and a cylinder — the master creates many different variants.

Conclusion. In the process of research it was found out that in the multifaceted creativity of Oksana Martynovych, focused on folk traditions, the main role is played by the author’s idea and the way of presenting the material. A wonderful artist, she created truly exquisite things, mastered a special vision of the most important artistic elements: shapes, proportions, plasticity, color. The works of Oksana Martynovych are light, easy and natural. Many of her unique works are decorations of museums in Ukraine and abroad.

Keywords: traditional art, artist, creativity, pottery, form, decor, icon painting, Easter eggs.

Received 16.12.2022

REFERENСES

  • Motyl, R. (2002). To the Problem of Peservation of the Gavaretchyna Centre of Smoked Ceramics. Ukrainian Ceramological Journal, 4, 68—69 [in Ukrainian].
  • Motyl, R. (2019). Pottery Centre in Cherwonograd — the Echo of the Past in Modern Times. Ethnological notebooks, 1 (145), 66—72 [in Ukrainian].
  • Onyschenko, V. (2004). Smiling Сeramics. Folk Arts, 1/2, 36—37 [in Ukrainian].
  • Krakovets’ka, Zenoviia (Ed.). Smerechyns’ka-Martynovych Oksana. Ceramics. Graphics. Painting: catalogue (P. 1). L’viv: National Union of Masters of Folk Art of Ukraine [in Ukrainian].
  • Festyval of Potters «No Saints Make Pots»: catalogue. Ternopil’: Kolirprynt [in Ukrainian].

Read»

Our authors
Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »