« 2023. # 2 (170)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2023. № 2 (170), 353—360

UDK[069.01:[728.6:39]](477.83-25)(091)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2023.02.353

MUSEIFICATION OF OBJECTS OF CULTURAL HERITAGE: THE EXAMPLE OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM OF FOLK ARCHITECTURE AND LIFE NAMED AFTER KLYMENTIY SHEPTYTSKY

HODOVANSKA Oksana

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8297-2414
  • Candidate of Historical Sciences (= Ph.D. in History),
  • Senior research fellow, Ethnology Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
  • Department of Social Anthropology,
  • 15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine;
  • Department of History, Museum Studies and Cultural Heritage,
  • Lviv Polytechnic National University,
  • 12, Bandera street, 79013, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: oksana.m.hodovanska@lpnu.ua

Abstract. In Ukraine, museums are an important component of the institutions working with collective memory and national identity. The preparatory analysis of the latest research and publications shows the presence of a significant number of studies considering the place and role of cultural heritage in modern society. These studies examine a range of issues related to the preservation and protection of the historical and cultural sites of Ukraine as well. The purpose of the proposed survey is to determine the effectiveness of the transformation of cultural heritage objects into museum exhibits. The Law of Ukraine “On Protection of Cultural Heritage” offers definitions of cultural heritage objects and a system of means for preserving, restoring or using heritage objects. Conservation, restoration, renovation, rehabilitation, adaptation and museification of cultural heritage objects are important among the means.

A distinctive feature of the exposition of the Museum of Folk Architecture and Life named after Klymentii Sheptytskyi was the predominance of wooden buildings. Among them, there were significantly fewer copies than in the museums of Kyiv or Pereyaslav-Khmelnytskyi, where the need to display a large number of non-disassembled exhibits was outweighed by the principle of their originality. In the process of museification, museum scientists encountered many difficulties in choosing and reproducing future exhibits. During museification, not only the museum-expositional usage of cultural heritage objects takes place, also the preservation of their historical, aesthetic, artistic value, their evidence of events, facts, life and activities of people or communities. This is one of the ways to transform cultural heritage objects into a real, integral part of national culture. Therefore, during the museification process, it is important to preserve both the material structure and location of heritage objects, as well as intangible evidence of cultural heritage.

The research methodology is based on theoretical analysis, systematization and generalization, historical review and observations of the author.

Keywords: museification, museum, cultural heritage, scan sen, Lviv.

Received 28.02.2023

REFERENCES

  • Zdioruk, S., Lytvynenko, O. & Rozumna, O. (2012). Cultural policy of Ukraine: national model in the European context: analytical report. Kyiv: NISD. Retrieved from: https://niss.gov.ua/sites/default/files/2013-02/Kultura_Zdioruk-beb1d.pdf (Last accessed: 25.1.2023) [in Ukrainian].
  • Horbyk, V., Doroshko, O. Kot, C., Lugova, O., & etc. (1998). Historical and cultural heritage: problems of research and preservation. Kyiv. Retrieved from: http://resource.history.org.ua/item/0014571 (Last accessed: 25.1.2023) [in Ukrainian].
  • Danylyuk, A., Krasovskyi, I. & Yanov, V.(1980). Museum of Folk Architecture and Life in Lviv: guidebook. Lviv: Kamenyar. Retrieved from: https://chtyvo.org.ua/authors/Danyliuk_Arkhyp/Muzei_narodnoi_arkhitektury_ta_pobutu_u_Lvovi_putivnyk/ (Last accessed: 27.02.2023) [in Ukrainian].
  • Law of Ukraine «On Protection of Cultural Heritage». Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1805-14#Text (Last accessed: 25.01.2023) [in Ukrainian].
  • Griffen, L., & Tytova, O. (2015). Use of objects of cultural heritage. Severshchyna in the history of Ukraine, 8, 6—9. Retrieved from: http://dspace.nbuv.gov.ua/bitstream/handle/123456789/127538/03-Hriffen.pdf?sequence=1 (Last accessed: 27.02.2023) [in Ukrainian].
  • Danyliuk, A. (1997). Through the prism of time. The Ethnology notebooks, 2. Retrieved from: https://shron1.chtyvo.org.ua/Danyliuk_Arkhyp/Kriz_pryzmu_chasu.pdf? (Last accessed: 27.02.2023) [in Ukrainian].
  • Krasovsky, I. (1975). Museum of folk architecture and life in Lviv: guidebook. Lviv: Kamenyar. Retrieved from: https://etnoua.info/wp-content/gallery/mnap_lviv_putivnyk_1975/MNAP_Lviv_1975_06_web.jpg (Last accessed: 27.02.2023) [in Ukrainian].
  • Hudchenko, Z. (1981). Museum of folk architecture. Kyiv: Budivelnyk [in Ukrainian]. Retrieved from: https://shron1.chtyvo.org.ua/Hudchenko_Zoia/Muzei_narodnoi_arkhitektury_Ukrainy.pdf? (Last accessed: 27.02.2023).
  • Tytova, O. (2009.) Preservation of immovable monuments of archeology in reserves and museums. Proceedings of the Center for Monument Studies, 15, 83—86. Retrieved from: http://dspace.nbuv.gov.ua/bitstream/handle/123456789/14242/07-Titova.pdf?sequence=1 (Last accessed: 27.02.2023) [in Ukrainian].
  • Sklokina, I. (2015). Local museums in a dynamic world: (post)soviet heritage and future. Lviv. Retrieved from: https://openplace.com.ua/lokalni-muzeyi-u-dynamichnomu-sviti-post-radyanska-spadshhyna-ta-majbutnye/ (Last accessed: 27.02.2023) [in Ukrainian].
  • Brych, M. (2020). Architectural and spatial organization of open-air museums in Ukraine. (PhD dissertation). Lviv Polytechnic National University. Retrieved from: https://lpnu.ua/sites/default/files/2020/dissertation/3802/brychdysertaciya.pdf (Last accessed: 27.02.2023) [in Ukrainian].
  • Lysyy, I. (2017). Vectors of museumization of castles of Ivano-Frankivsk region. Military-historical meridian, 16, 75—87. Retrieved from: https://vim.gov.ua/pages/_journal_files/12.07.2017/pdf/VIM_16_2017-75-87.pdf (Last accessed: 27.02.2023) [in Ukrainian].

Read»

Our authors
Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »