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« 2023. # 2 (170)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2023. № 2 (170), 314—323

UDK001-044.247:504.062(477:292.452) 

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2023.02.314

INTEGRATION OF NATURAL SCIENCES AND SOCIAL AND HUMANITARIAN FIELDS OF SCIENCE ON THE EXAMPLE OF TRADITIONAL NATURE MANAGEMENT RESEARCH OF MOUNTAINOUS AREAS

BOYKO Ihor

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3828-1835
  • Candidate of Historical Sciences, Doctoral Student,
  • Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
  • Prospekt Svoboda, 15, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: е-mail: ihor.o.bojko@gmail.com

Abstract. The relevance of the article is due to the fact that it is actually impossible to investigate traditional nature management using the methods of the narrowly specialized disciplines. Integration allows solving a large number of scientific questions, most of the «mysteries» of the socio-humanitarian sphere are explained by the laws and rules discovered in the natural and basic sciences. The mapped results of socio-cultural anthropology studies in the study of nature use can serve as an argument for one or another concept, scheme of geologists, geomorphologists, physical geographers, geobotanists, etc.

Interdisciplinary projects with the participation of scientists from various scientific fields are very fruitful, however, even there representatives of the social and humanitarian sphere should first integrate their research to improve the constructive work of the projects.

The completion of the integration approach in exploration of nature management of mountainous areas is the study of cultural and natural landscapes. One of the most important are pastoral landscapes (polonyna and glades), which arose or radically changed and expanded during the colonization of the territory and its subsequent use. The disappearance of these niches will fundamentally change the external appearance of the Carpathians, their attractiveness, natural and humanitarian potential, biodiversity; and therefore, the study of cultural-natural landscapes, the assessment of their «health», the proposal for «treatment» or restoration are of paramount importance both at the regional and the world level.

Scientific integration occurs in three ways: a) penetration of research methods and terminology from one discipline to others; b) development of a common approach and methodology in studying and processing material; c) creation of interdisciplinary sciences. The author shares his scientific experience in implementing all three ways of integration.

The subject of the article are the methods of integration of natural science and socio-humanitarian branches of science, and the object is the research of the natural science and socio-humanitarian branches of science of the traditional nature use of mountain areas.

The purpose of the article: to find out the level and possibilities of integration of natural science and socio-humanitarian fields in the study of traditional nature management of mountain areas on the example of own research.

Keywords: scientific integration, nature management, landscapes, Carpathians, Alen’s rule, adaptive evolution.

Received 25.02.2023

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