« 2023. # 3 (171)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2023. № 3 (171), 549—566

UDK [39:[728.6:644.1]](477.86/.87+477.83)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2023.03.549

DEVELOPMENT OF THE HEATING SYSTEM IN BAYKU’S DWELLINGS: THE EVOLUTION OF HEATING DEVICES AND METHODS OF SMOKE REMOVAL

RADOVYCH Roman

  • ORCID ID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1900-8948
  • Doctor of Sciences in History, Senior Researcher
  • of the Institute of Ethnology
  • of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
  • in the Department of Historical Ethnology,
  • 15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: radovychroman@gmail.com

Abstract. Ethnologists primarily distinguish among a number of typological features horizontal planning and the heating system, studying traditional housing. Therefore, the study of the heating system, its individual components in general in Ukraine and in its individual ethnographic regions is extremely relevant. The heating system of a traditional home includes heating devices (open hearth, oven, stove, kitchen stove, etc.) and devices for smoke removal (chimneys-smoke collectors, «dymovoloky», chimneys-outputs, etc.). In the proposed investigation, the author sets himself the goal of finding out the peculiarities of the improvement of the heating system in the Boiko’s homes (the dynamics of the development of devices for removing smoke) and the processes of segmentation of the functions of the stove (the introduction of stoves, kitchen stoves, etc. into Boiko’s life).

The object of research is traditional construction, and the subject is the home heating system.

The methodological basis of the research is the principle of historicism in combination with elements of structural and functional analysis and the use of the main methods of ethnological science: retrospective, typological, complex and analysis, historical reconstruction, etc.

The territory of the study covers the entire territory of Boikivshchyna (including the «Priboikiv» (Boikos’) Pidhirria). Chronological boundaries of the study: 19th — the first half of the 20th century. The heating system on the territory of Boikivshchyna, in general, has never been a subject of special interest to scientists. Sources and literature of the end of the 19th and beginning of the 21st centuries contain separate, rather meager, information, so the author’s field materials collected in the villages of Boikivshchyna region during expeditions (1987—2020) serve as the source base of the work.

Keywords: heating system, smoke heating, semi-smoke heating, white heating, stove, kitchen stove.

Received 24.04.2023

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