« 2023. # 3 (171)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2023. № 3 (171), 567—585

UDK 930.2:738.011.26(477.51-2)”19/20″

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2023.03.567

POTTERY OF THE MIDDLE OF THE 20th AND EARLY 21th CENTURIES: LOCAL SPECIFICITY

BORENKO Nadiya

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0009-0001-6961-2131
  • Senior researcher of the scientific and collection department
  •  of the Museum of Folk Architecture and Life in Lviv
  • Klymentii Sheptytskyi Museum of Folk Architecture and Life in Lviv;
  • Researcher at the Department of Scientific and Archival Collections
  • MAFKKUP SSCPCHMD
  • 1, Chernecha Hora St., 79014, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: borenjko@ukr.net; nadiyaborenko@gmail.com

Abstract. The article deals with the features of pottery of the North Chernihiv area at the end of XIX to modernity. The borders of researched territory within the area of the Middle Podesennya region have been defined. The processes of product formation, their firing, decor, assortment, names and artistic qualities are covered. The state of pottery is briefly analyzed. The article contains the analysis of the pottery craft of the Oleshnya village in the Ripkynskyi area, where lives and works national Ukrainian master Ivan Bibik; as well as pottery craft of the townSemenyvka, where dynasty potter Oleksiy Sakovskiy making pottery foodware with traditional technology. The paper includs folklore material about supernatural skills of potter-wizard.

The use of pottery in traditional life, as well as the assignment of ritual and symbolic signs to certain types of dishes, is considered. The example of the «full-empty» opposition emphasizes the relic remnants of the patriarchal system in the system of two-food diet of Ukrainians of Chernihiv Polissya.

The purpose of the article is to characterize the past and present state of the pottery industries in the historical and geographical region of Middle Podesenia in a historical and comparative aspect, an analysis of the ethnographic features of production, formative and artistic features of specific and typological groups of dishes.

The subject of the study is production technology, local features of formation, assortment and artistic qualities of products, rules and customs of pottery and the buying and selling process, the former and current state of the industry, the functional purpose of pottery in traditional household and ceremonial culture, and folklore materials about the potter’s abilities.

The territorial limits of the study are the historical and geographical regions of the Middle Podesenia.

The chronological boundaries of the study are the second half of the 19th century and the beginning of the 21st century.

The source base of the research is the materials collected by the author in 2017. and 2019  as part of complex historical and ethnographic expeditions of the State Center for the Protection of Cultural Heritage from Man-made Disasters in the Middle Podesnya.

A brief analysis of the state of pottery in the village of Oleshnya of the Ripky district, where the folk craftsman of Ukraine Ivan Bibyk continues to work, and in the district town of Semenivka, where the dynastic potter Oleksiy Sakovsky makes household pottery using traditional technology. Added folklore material about the extraordinary abilities of the potter-wizard.

The research methodology is based on historical review, systematization and generalization, theoretical analysis and observations of the author.

Keywords: potter, pottery craft, pottery school, clay, baking, furnace, products, sell.

Received 24.04.2023

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