« 2023. # 4 (172)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2023. № 4 (172), 841—849

UDK [39:061.2(477.83-25)НТШ]:271-725

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2023.04.841

CLERGY IN THE ACTIVITIES OF THE ETHNOGRAPHIC COMMISSION OF NTSH

SAPELYAK Oksana

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8111-6563
  • Candidate of Historical Sciences, Senior Research Associate,
  • Active Member of the Shevchenko Scientific Society,
  • Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy
  • of Sciences of Ukraine,
  • Departament of Modern Ethnology,
  • 15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: oksana.sapelyak@gmail.com

Abstract. Formulation of the problem. On the initiative of the Chairman of the Branch of the Shevchenko Scientific Society and the head of the historical and philological section Mykhailo Hrushevsky 1895  «Ethnographic collection» began to be published. At the same time, M. Hrushevsky expressed an opinion about the creation of an Ethnographic Commission within the structure of the National Academy of Sciences, which would deal with the development of ethnological science. The chairman of the commission was Ivan Franko (doctor of philosophy, received the title in 1894 at the University of Vienna), whose role as an organizer of scientific research was undeniably great, highly appreciated in Ukraine and beyond. Volodymyr Hnatyuk, a young scientist, was elected secretary of the commission, with his name all its organizational activities are connected.

Compared to other commissions of the Society, the ethnographic commission was much more active. It had two series of publications («Ethnographic Collection» and «Materials for Ukrainian-Russian Ethnology»), conducted ethnographic expeditions annually, and had a significant budget (for paying storytellers and collectors of materials, for photography, and purchasing exhibits for the Museum of the National Academy of Sciences). To carry out all the enormous work its organizers involved a wide range of intelligentsia and peasants. First of all, Ukrainian priests participated in all areas of the commission’s work.

In the article, the author set the goal: to find out the range of cooperation of the clergy with the Ethnographic Commission of the National Academy of Sciences.

The object of this publication is to outline the contribution of priests to the activities of the Ethnographic Commission, and the subject is the work of specific ministers of the Greek-Catholic and Orthodox Churches in the commission.

The methodological basis is the principle of historicism and analysis.

The significance for Ukrainian science and culture of the activities of the Ukrainian clergy in the Ethnographic Commission was clarified by the method of historical and systemic analysis.

Keywords: Ethnographic Commission, collection work, museum work, organizational work, publications.

Received 21.06.2023

REFERENCES

  •  Central State Historical Archive of Ukraine in Lviv (TsDIA). F. 309. Op. 1. Issue  2. Sheet. 20 [in Ukrainian].
  • Hrushevsky, M. (1898). Notes to the general assembly of 1898  Notes of the National Academy of Sciences (Vol. 21, book 1, pp. 10—17) [in Ukrainian].
  • Bilyi, B. (2017). Greek-Catholic bishops, priests, laymen of the Przemyњl Diocese in the matter of preserving faith, rites, tradition, education, culture and national identity. Worldview, 3 (65), 64—75 [in Ukrainian].
  • Hrycak, J. (1936). Industry a hundred years ago. Przemyњl: published by the Society of Art Supporters [in Ukrainian].
  • Arsenycz, P. (1995). Teacher and ethnographer Luka Harmatii. Hutsul school, 1, 70-73 [in Ukrainian].
  • (1902, 1906). Chronicle of NTSH (Part 2, p. 19; part 29) [in Ukrainian].
  • Hnatiuk, V. (Ed.). (1899). Foreword Galician-Russian anecdotes. Ethnographic collection (Vol. 6). Lviv [in Ukrainian].
  • Vovk, F. (1895). The program for collecting information about the Ukrainian-Russian region and the people was put together by members of the  Shevchenko Scientific Society. Ethnographic collection (Vol. 1, pp. 1—16). Lviv [in Ukrainian].
  • Archive of the Institute of Art History, Folklore and Ethnography named after  M.T. Rylskyi (IMFE). F. 28. Op. 1. Issue  12 [in Ukrainian].
  • Demiyan, H. (1992). Letters of Volodymyr Hnatyuk to Mykhailo Zubrytskyi. Notes of the National Academy of Sciences (Vol. 223, p. 301). Lviv [in Ukrainian].
  • Hrushevski, M. (1906—1907). A child in the customs and beliefs of the Ukrainian people. Materials for Ukrainian-Russian ethnology (Vol. 1—2). Lviv [in Ukrainian].
  • IMF. F. 29. Op. 3. Issue  280 [in Ukrainian].
  • Mazurok, O. (2010). «The most learned and the most competent in the ethnographic affairs of Ruthenians in the whole of Hungary» (to the 155th anniversary of the birth of Yury Zhatkovich). Uzhhorod [in Ukrainian].
  • Kyrcziv, R. (2010). Kyrcziv family. Uzhhorod [in Ukra­i­nian].
  • (1900). Report on the ethnographic expedition. Chronicle of NTSH (Part 4, pp. 18—19). Lviv [in Ukrainian].
  • (1903). Report on anthropological excursions by Dr. Fedir Vovk. Chronicle of the National Academy of Sciences (Part 16, pp. 13—14) [in Ukrainian].
  • Franko, I. (1898). Opryshok Myron Shtola. Ethnographic collection (Vol. 5, pp. 32—40; Franko, I. (1898). Hutsul proverbs. Ethnographic collection (Vol. 5, pp. 41—72) [in Ukrainian].
  • Kukula, S. Ivan Franko in Dovgopol Halytskyi at father Ivan Popel. Retrieved from: lib.if.ua/franko/1312193571
  • Pryima, O. Clergy from the noble family of the Ashes of the coat of arms of Sulima and the coat of arms of Sas in Galicia in the 19th-20th centuries. Retrieved from: risu.ua/svyashchenstwo-z-shlyahetnoho-rodu-popeliv [in Ukrainian].
  • Central Institute of Ukraine in Lviv. F. 309. Op. 1. Issue  42. Ark. 57 [in Ukrainian].
  • Central Institute of Ukraine in Lviv. F. 309. Op. 1. Issue  82. Sheet. 2 [in Ukrainian].
  • Vovk, F. (1908). Anthropometric studies of the Ukrainian population of Galicia, Bukovyna and Hungary. Materials for Ukrainian-Russian ethnology (Vol. 10, pp. 1—67). Lviv [in Ukrainian].
  • Rakovsii, I. (1929). Prehistoric motifs in Ukrainian folk art. Materials for ethnology and anthropology (Vol. 21—22, pp. 163—186 [in Ukrainian].
  • Central Institute of Ukraine in Lviv. F. 309. Op. 1. Issue  746. Ark. 2—3 [in Ukrainian].
  • (1904). Meetings of sections and commissions. Chronicle of NTSH (Part 19, p. 18) [in Ukrainian].
  • Zhatkovich, Yu. (1896). Ethnographic notes from Hungarian Rus’. Ethnographic collection (Vol. 2, pp. 1—38) [in Ukrainian].
  • Hnatiuk, V. (1898). Foreword Ethnographic materials from Hungarian Rus. Ethnographic collection (Vol. 4, p. VIII) [in Ukrainian].
  • Franko, I. (1896). Galician local history. Collected works: in the 50th volume. (Vol. 46, book 2, pp. 116—150). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].

Read»

Our authors
Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »