« 2023. # 4 (172)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2023. № 4 (172), 850—857

UDK 069.014:[304.44+93|99+7]:[061.2:001](045)(477.83-25)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2023.04.850

THE CULTURAL AND HISTORICAL MUSEUM OF THE NTSH AS A UKRAINIAN EXHIBITION LOCATION: MUSEUM, ART AND PUBLIC DIMENSIONS

KUSHNIR Vitalii

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8809-0108
  • Candidate of Historical Sciences,
  • Senior Research Fellow,
  • Museum of Ethnography and Art Crafts
  • Of the Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
  • Svobody ave., 15, 79000,. Lviv,. Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: vitaliy_val@ukr.net

Abstract. In the period between the two world wars, the Shevchenko Scientific Society Museum played the role of one of the most active Ukrainian cultural centres of Lviv and Galicia. In the conditions of a clearly defined demarcation of the social and cultural life of the main ethnic communities in the western Ukrainian territories, as well as disproportionate distribution of public funds by the authorities, primarily in favour of the Poles, the functioning of such cultural institutions required significant voluntary efforts of the Ukrainian community.

The purpose of the article is to highlight the history and peculiarities of the work of the Cultural and Historical Museum of the Shevchenko Scientific Society as an important location of the entire dynamic cultural space of the Ukrainian community of Lviv, in particular, in its cross-border and international dimensions. At the same time, the focus of attention is the holding of exhibitions in the museum, which often became a resonant event of artistic, cultural and social life of the city.

The chronological framework of the work covers the period of the 1920s—1930s, that is, the time when Lviv was under the rule of the Polish state.

Conclusions. In the interwar period the Museum of the Shevchenko Scientific Society became one of the important «nodes» of the whole network of social and cultural communication of the Ukrainian community of Lviv. The maintenance of the institution’s activities required significant voluntary efforts of members of the Ukrainian community, embodied, in particular, in the work of the Society of Museum Supporters. The core of the functioning of the museum as a Ukrainian centre of a multi-ethnic city was the holding of art and educational exhibitions on its rooms. Their organization required the combined efforts of museum workers themselves, Ukrainian artists, photographers, scientists and educators. Arousing the lively interest of the press, exhibitions in the museum became, therefore, multidisciplinary cultural projects, also significant from the point of view of the institution’s financial interests. They also promoted cooperation between Ukrainian museum institutions, acted as an effective stimulus for the cultural and social life of the Ukrainian community in various countries.

The research methodology is based on the complex involvement of a number of principles and methods of museology and historical research, in particular, the principle of historicism, the comparative method, as well as art analysis, primarily visual and formal-stylistic.

Keywords: Museum of the Shevchenko Scientific Society, museology, ethnography, exhibitions, Ukrainian creative unions.

Received 5.07.2023

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