« 2023. # 5 (173)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2023. № 5 (173), 1226—1240

UDK [39:697.2](282.247.32-192.2)”18/19″

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2023.05.1226

HEATING SYSTEM OF PUBLIC DWELLING IN THE CENTRAL TRANSDNIPRIAN REGION (Part 2. Smoke removal devices and functional segmentation of the furnace)

RADOVYCH Roman

  • ORCID ID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1900-8948
  • Doctor of Sciences in History,
  • Senior Researcher of the Institute of Ethnology
  • of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
  • in the Department of Historical Ethnology,
  • 15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: radovychroman@gmail.com

Abstract. Among a number of typological features that characterize traditional dwelling, the heating system occupies an important place. Considering the fact that in relation to the terrain of the Middle Transdniprian region, this issue has never been a subject of special interest to scientists, the proposed work is extremely relevant.

The author sets himself the goal of analyzing the design features of smoke removal devices and the processes of functional segmentation of the stove (the emergence of a recumbent stove, a riser stove, a kitchen stove, etc.). The object of the study is the residential heating system of the Central Transdniprian region and the subject design features of smoke removal devices and functional segmentation of the furnace. The methodological basis of the research is the principle of historicism in combination with elements of structural and functional analysis and the use of the main methods of ethnological science: retrospective, typological, complex and analysis, historical reconstruction, etc. The research territory covers the entire massif of the Central Transdniprian region. Chronological boundaries — the 19th — the first half of the 20th century.

The work uses separate information about smoke removal methods and functional furnace segmentation, which contain sources of the 17th—18th centuries, 19th — early 20th centuries, as well as the author’s field materials collected during expeditions in 2008—2010.

The main heating device in the houses was a stove in the territories of the Central Dnieper region In the 19th — at the beginning of the 20th century.

Smoke collector was placed above the stove opening (on the right-bank of Ukraine — hinged or straight-walled) in the semi-smoke and ‘white-heated’ stoves. Chimney was mounted (on the right-bank of Ukraine — a chimney-stand, and on the left-bank of Ukraine, next to the chimney-stands, hanging chimneys were also widely used) in the halls of houses, heated in ‘white’.

Keywords: heating system, chimney-smoke collector, chimney-outlet, stove-stand, stove-recliner, combustion chamber.

Received 5.09.2023

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