« 2018. #1 (139)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2018, 1 (139), 91–102

UDK 94(477):323(=161.2)-055.2

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2018.01.091

Received 26.12.2017

A «WOMAN’S QUESTION» IN THE OUN IDEOLOGY AND PROPAGANDA

Kis Oksana, candidate of sciences in history,

Senior Researcher at the Institute of Ethnology

of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,

departmeny of social anthropology.

Svobody Avenue 15,  79000, Lviv, Ukraine.

Contacts: e-mail: oksanakis55@gmail.com

Abstract. This article explores the vision of women’s roles and tasks in the national project from the perspective of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists. Analysis of the texts of the prominent Ukrainian nationalists (Yuriy Lypa, Olena Teliha, Daria Rebet) and respective OUN propagandist publications allowed to reveal the core elements of the image of an «ideal Ukrainian woman» against the backdrop of the discussion with the interwar feminists. Nationalists’ essentialist perceprion of women reduced thair main duty to motherhood (aimed at physical and cultural contibuity of the nation) and subordination of all women’s interests, potentials and activities to the goals of the national cause..

 Keywords: Ukrainian women, OUN, nationalism, essentia­lism, feminism.

REFERENCES

Arkhiv TsDVR. F. 17. T. 7. 1943. 14 ark. (Na probij. Odnodnivka. Vydannia zhinochoi referentury OUN).
HDA SBU (Haluzevyj derzhavnyj arkhiv Sluzhby bezpeky Ukrainy). F. 13. Spr. 376. T. 48. 441 ark. (Materyaly y dokumenty OUN po zhenskomu voprosu, y zhyzny y tvorchestve ukraynskykh pysatelej Tarasa Shevchenko y Lesy Ukraynky, o prazdnyke moria y dr.: v odnom tome).
HDA SBU. F. 13. Spr. 376. T. 48. Ark. 1–8a (Ukrains’ka zhinka v suchasnij dijsnosti. Viddil kul’turnoi pratsi U.Ts.K. Holovna zhinocha sektsiia. Dodatok do Visnyka UTsK. 1943. № 5).
HDA SBU. F. 13. Spr. 376. T. 48. Ark. 14–22 (Rebet Dariia. Suspil’na rolia zhinky. Viddil kul’turnoi pratsi pry U.Ts.K. Holovna zhinocha sektsiia. 1943. Ch. 4).
HDA SBU. F. 13. Spr. 376. T. 48. Ark. 9–13 (Rak M. Do pytannia pryznachennia ukrains’koi zhinky).
HDA SBU. F. 13. Spr. 376. T. 48. B. a. B. d. Ark. 342 zv.–346 zv. (V richnytsiu smerti Ol’hy Basarab).
Havryshko, M. (2011). Vplyv «hendernoi polityky» u Tret’omu Rajkhu na ukrains’kyj feministychnyj dyskurs v Halychyni u 1930-kh rr. Ukrainoznavchyj al’manakh. Vyp. 6. Pp. 86–90.
Diadiuk, M. (2011). Ukrains’kyj zhinochyj rukh u mizhvoiennij Halychyni: mizh hendernoiu identychnistiu ta natsional’noiu zaanhazhovanistiu. L’viv: Astroliabiia.
Lypa, Yu. (1938). Ukrains’ka zhinka. Zhinka. № 7–8. Kviten’. Pp. 2–4.
Lial’ka, Ya. (2007). Ol’ha Basarab ta ii doba. L’viv: Halyts’ka vydavnycha spilka.
Posivnych, M. (2014). Zhinka v provodi OUN: Dariia Rebet – «Orlian». «I slova staly chynom zhyvym…» (Borot’ba OUN ta UPA kriz’ pryzmu liuds’kykh dol’ ta stosunkiv): Zbirnyk istoryko-biohrafichnykh narysiv. L’viv: Instytut ukrainoznavstva im. I. Kryp’iakevycha NAN Ukrainy, pp. 147–176.
Rudnyts’ka, M. (1998). Statti, lysty, dokumenty. L’viv: TsDIA Ukrainy.
Anthias, F., Yuval-Davis, N. (1994). Women and the Nation State. Nationalism: The Reader. Oxford: Oxford UP, pp. 312–316.
Stasiuk, O.J. Basarab Ol’ha. Entsyklopediia istorii Ukrainy. T. 1: A-V. URL: http://www.history.org.ua/?termin=Basarab_O.
Teliha, O. (1977). Yakymy nas prahnete? Zbirnyk. Detrojt: Ukrains’kyj zolotyj khrest v ZSA, pp. 65–77. URL: http://sites.utoronto.ca/elul/lit-crit/Feminism/Teliha-Iakymy.html.
Lypovets’kyj, S. (2009). Rozvidnytsia Ol’ha. Ukraina Moloda. 2 ver. URL: http://www.umoloda.kiev.ua/number/1481/169/ 52083/.
Pam’iaty Ol’hy Besarabovoi. Surma. Orhan UVO. Ch. 2–3 (17–18). 1929. Liu-ten’–berezen’. Pp. 7–8. URL: http://ounuis.info/archive/library/Newspapers/surma.html.

Read»

Our authors
On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »