« 2018. #2 (140)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2018, 2 (140), 514—522.

UDK 75.021.335(476)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2018.02.514

Received  1.02.2018

ICONS ON GLASS IN BELARUS: THE ORIGINS OF CRAFTS, WORKS OF THE 1920’S AND 1930’S. IN MUSEUM COLLECTIONS AND PRIVATE COLLECTIONS

Flikop-Svito Halina, candidate of arts (Ph. D)

researcher, State Scientific Institution

“Center of Studies of Belarusian Culture, Language and Literature

of the National Academy of Sciences of Belorussia”.

1 Surganov str., bldg. 2, Minsk, 220072, Belarus

Abstrakt. Icon painting on glass to date is not studied topic in the history of Belarusian art. Preserved an isolated artifacts are the object of study not previously performed. This article discusses five icons on glass from the collections of three museums and a private collection — this is all that was able to identify. In our opinion, these works were created in the 1920—1930-s years. In addition, the materials from archival sources revealed the earliest periods of the spread of icons on glass in the Belarusian lands. It is established that in the second half of the 18th — beginning of 19th centuries in the Uniate churches from diffe­rent regions met such works.

Keywords: icons on glass, home icons, folk art, painting on glass, art of Belarus of the beginning of the 20th century.

REFERENCES

BGMNAB.  KP 13808.  Ikona «Bogorodica Odigitrija», nachalo XX v.; steklo, rospis’, fol’ga; 31 h 20,7; iz Kameneckogo r-na Brestskoj obl. [ in Belarus].
BGMNAB. KP 15020. Ramka dlja fotografii; nachalo XX v., steklo, rospis’, fol’ga; 20 h 15,5; iz Minska [ in Belarus].
VKM. KP 9143. Ikona «Iisus Hristos», nach. XX v.; steklo, rospis’, fol’ga; 30 h 20,5; d. Makarichi Vilejskogo r-na Minskoj obl. [ in Belarus].
VKM. KP 9588/1. Ramka dlja fotografii, 1950-e gg.; steklo, fol’ga, rospis’; 24,5 h 14,5 sm; iz d. Kobuzi, Vilejskij r-n Minskoj obl. [ in Belarus].
VKM. KP 9588/2. Ramka dlja fotografii, 1950-e gg.; steklo, fol’ga, rospis’; 24,5 h 14,5 sm; iz d. Kobuzi, Vilejskij r-n Minskoj obl. [ in Belarus].
GGMIR. KP 16516. Ikona «Bogorodica s mladencem»; steklo, rospis’, fol’ga; 35,4 h 30,9 sm; hutor Dorogljany Mostovskogo r-na Grodnenskoj obl., k. XІX — nach. XX vv. [ in Belarus].
NIAB. F. 136. Op. 1.  D. 8472. Delo o nepisanii i neprodazhe neiskussno pisannyh ikon i o nadzore za ikonopiscami. 1830 g. 10 l. [ in Belarus].
NIAB. F. 136. Op. 1. D. 41256. Akt wizyty duchowienstwa metropolitalniey Wilenskiey Rzymsko-Unitskiey dyecezyi za 1819 rok poszodzone.  740 l. [ in Belarus].
NIAB. F. 1245. Op. 1. D. 1. Akta wizyty generalney surrogacyi Poleskiey dekanatu Rohachew¬skiego. 1792. 29 l. [ in Belarus].
NIAB. F. 1299. Op. 1.  D. 1. Akt wizyty generalney surrogacyi Poleskiey dekanatu Hіuskiego. 1792. 31 l. [ in Belarus].
NIAB. F. 1781. Op. 26. D. 1410. Wizyty dekanatуw: Witebskiego, Wieliїskiego, Wielaszkowskiego, Mikulinskiego i Zadz’wiсsko-Bieszenkowskiego za rok 1822.  224 l. [ in Belarus].
NIAB. F. 3245. Op. 8. D. 2. Inwentarze cerkwi dekanatu Borisowskiego.  1741—1754. 40 l. [ in Belarus].
RGIA. F. 824.  Op. 2. D. 182. Wizyty dekanatуw Mscisіawskiego, Zapolaсskiego i Zasoїskiego protopresbyteryi Mscisіawskiey za rok 1822. 177 l. [ in Belarus].
RGIA. F. 824. Op. 2. D. 184. Wizyty dekanatow Rohaczewskiego i Homelskiego za rok 1822.  171 l. [ in Belarus].
LMAB. RP. F. 41. 107—212. Inwentarze y wizyty powiatu Wileyskiego. 1787—1826. [in Polish].
LMAB. RP. F. 41. 225—394. Wizyta gene­ralna dekanatьw Brzeskiego, Bialskiego, Mielnickiego, Dro­gic­kiego, Bielskiego dyecezyi Brzeskiey [in Polish].
LVIA. — F. 634. — Ap. 1. — B. 48. Wizyta generalna dekanatьw Pruїaсskiego, Kobryсskiego, Poliskiego, Ka­mie­nieckiego, Wіodawskiego dyecezyi Brzeskiey [in Polish].
LVIA. F. 634. Ap. 1. B. 50. Wizyta dekanatu Brzeskiego [in Polish].
LVIA. F. 634. Ap. 1. B. 53. Akta wizyty generalnye… dekanatow Sіonimskiego y Lidzkiego [in Polish].
VUB. RP. F. 4. (А195) 14430. Wizyty Ostrowskiey Cerkwi [in Polish].
VUB. RP. F. 4. (А195) 14431. Wizyty Ostrowskiey Cerkwi [in Polish].
VUB. RP. F. 4. (А195) 14432. Wizyty Ostrowskiey Cerkwi [in Polish].
VUB. RP. F. 4. (А195) 14436. Wizyty Ostrowskiey Cerkwi [in Polish].
VUB. RP. F. 4. 20225 (A-439). Inwentarz klasztoru… w Lawryszewie [in Polish].
VUB. RP. F. 4. 35674 (A-2314). Inwentary klasztoru… w Lawryszewie [in Polish].
Romaniv-Triska, O. (uporiad.). (2008). Narodna ikona na skli. Al’bom.  L’viv: Instytut kolektsionerstva ukrains’kykh mystets’kykh pam’iatok pry NTSh [in Ukrainian].
Pradmety djekoru tradycyjnaga zhyllja: maljunkі na shkle. Sa zboraў Be-laruskaga dzjarzhaўnaga muzeja narodnaj arhіtjektury і pobytu: katalog vystaўkі. (2011). In Bartkova, M. (skladal’nіk і aўtar ustupnaga slova) & Sahuta Ja. (navukovy daradchyk). Belaruskі dzjarzhaўny muzej narodnaj arhіtjektury і pobytu. Mіnsk: NBB [ in Belarus].
Sahuta, Ja.M. (1989). Razmaljoўka. In Shamjakіn І.P. (Ed.). Jetngrafіja Belarusі: Jencykl. Mіnsk: BelSJe [ in Belarus].
Triska, O. (2014). Kolektsiia ikon na skli z Natsional’noho muzeiu u L’vovi im. Andreia Sheptyts’koho. Narodoznavchi zoshyty, 6 (120), 1355—1368 [in Ukrainian].
Flіkop, G.A. (2014). Abrazy «na shkle» і «za shklom» u grjeka-katalіckіh hramah Belarusі ў XVIIІ — pachatku XІX stst. In Lakotka. A.І. (Ed.). & Bunkevіch N.S. (uklad.). Tradycyі і suchasny stan kultury і mastactvaў: matjer. Mіzhnar. navuk.-prakt. kanfcyі (28—9.11.2013 g., g. Mіnsk): u 2-h ch. (Ch. 1, pp. 200—205). Mіnsk: Prava і jekanomіka [ in Belarus].
Flіkop, G.A. (2014). Belaruskіja ўnіjackіja abrazy Bozhaj Macі «nevjadomaj іkanagrafіі»: da pytannja ўsta¬naўlennja zvodu. Belaruskі gіstarychny chasopіs, 3, 23—37 [ in Belarus].
Belaruskіja muzeі rassakrjecіlі svae fondy ў Magіljove.  Retrieved from: http://gorad.by/by/page/leisure/5300/.
Maljunkі na shkle. Retrieved from: http://www.kimpress.by/index.phtml? id=6124&page=2.
Chajkoўskaja, V. Jak patrapіc’ u raj. Retrieved from: http://news.21.by/society/2012/03/07/477960.html.

Read»

Our authors
Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »