Archive

« 2018. #5 (143)

The Ethnology Notebooks, 2018, № 5 (143),  1176—1190

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2018.05.1176

Received  15.07.2018

CRAFT AND HANDICRAFT IN POKUTTIA

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7241-9466

Taras Yaroslav, doctor of History, professor, Candidate of Sciences in

in the Department of the modern ethnology

of the Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.

Svobody Avenue 15,  79000, Lviv, Ukraine.

Contacts: e-mail: etnomod@ukr.net

Abstrakt. The crafts and crafts from the Trypillya are considered, in the prince’s times — as a part of filvarky, castles, during the Polish and Austrian colonization of Galicia, in the Soviet Ukraine. The factors that influenced the development of crafts and handicrafts in Pokuttia are the following: natural, agricultural development, animal husbandry, colonization policy of Poland, Austria concerning the Ukrainian peasantry, ethnographic and economic­industrial exhibitions, and professional guilds. It was found out that crafts and handicrafts had a pronounced national division. It has been established that auxiliary crafts, which originally existed as small manual production, combined with agriculture, under favorable conditions become a rank of professional commodity crafts, become the main way of obtaining means of life. Under certain conditions, professional and specialized crafts and handicrafts return to a number of home production classes, can again go back to professional or existing in parallel.

Keywords: Pokuttia, Horodenka, Kolomyia, Tovmach, Sniatyn districts, crafts, handicrafts.

REFERENCES

Arkhiv Instytutu narodoznavstva NAN Ukrainy. F. 1. Op. 2. Spr. 239.
Andrusiak, S., Bilyj D., Dvoiak M. (2007). Vikniany: z pravikiv do s’ohodennia. L’viv: Ukrains’ki tekhnolohii [in Ukrainian].
Atamaniuk, J. (1975). Bratyshiv. In Al’manakh Stanyslavivs’koi zemli (pp. 895—896). N’iu-Jork; Toronto; Miunkhen [in Ukrainian].
Babij, V., Muliarchyk, M., & Muliarchyk, V. (2001). Serafyntsi (Yamhoriv): Etnohrafichni statti, spohady, vsiachyna. Ivano-Frankivs’k [in Ukrainian].
Bazhans’kyj, M. (1982). Krasa Sniatynschyny. Haslova entsyklopediia. Ditrojt [in Ukrainian].
Bazhans’kyj, M. (1983). Tvorchyj dynamizm patriotyzmu moikh zemliakiv. Haslova entsyklopediia. Ditrojt [in Ukrainian].
Bakaj, O. (1988) Selo Kniazhdvir. In Kolomyia i Kolomyjschyna: Zbirnyk spomyniv i statej pro nedavnie mynule (pp. 645—660). Filiadel’fiia; Kolomyia: Vydannia Komitetu Kolomyian [in Ukrainian].
Balushok, V.H. (2001). Remesla i promysly. In Istoriia ukrains’koi kul’tury XIII — pershoi polovyny XVII stolit’ (pp. 71—77). Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
Brovchuk, S.H. (1988). Kolys’ povitove mistechko Pechenizhyn. In Kolomyia i Kolomyjschyna: Zbirnyk spomyniv i statej pro nedavnie mynule (pp. 527—553). Filiadel’fiia; Kolomyia: Vydannia Komitetu Kolomyian [in Ukrainian].
Budzhak, M. (2008). Pivnichni vorota Pokuttia. Yamhoriv. Literaturno-kraieznavchyj i mystets’kyj al’manakh, 15, 128—133 [in Ukrainian].
Vojnarovs’kyj, V. (2014). Promysly ta remesla naselennia pivdnia Skhidnoi Yevropy. L’viv [in Ukrainian].
Vojtovych, L.V. (2001). Torhivlia i torhivel’ni shliakhy. In Ukrains’ka kul’tura XII — pershoi polovyny XVII stolit’ (pp. 81—93). Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
Harkach, M. (1988). Selo Verbizh. In Kolomyia i Kolomyjschyna: Zbirnyk spomyniv i statej pro nedavnie mynule (pp. 589—592). Filiadel’fiia; Kolomyia: Vydannia Komitetu Kolomyian [in Ukrainian].
Hevko, D. (1978). Horodenschyna v moij iunats’kij pam’iati. In Horodenschyna. Istorychno-memuarnyj zbirnyk (pp. 104—121). N’iu-Jork; Toronto; Vinnipeh [in Ukrainian].
Hoschyns’kyj, A. (2015). Povynnosti meshkantsiv Chernelytsi v druhij polovyni XVIII stolittia. Yamhoriv. Literaturno-kraieznavchyj i mystets’kyj al’manakh, 26, 228—234 [in Ukrainian].
Hrabovets’kyj, B., & Hrabovets’kyj, V. (2000). Virmeny na Prykarpatti. Z istorii etnichnykh hrup Halychyny. Ivano-Frankivs’k; Toronto [in Ukrainian].
Hrabovets’kyj, V. (1993). Narysy istorii Prykarpattia. Druha polovyna XVII st. (Vol. III). Ivano-Frankivs’k [in Ukrainian].
Il. (1988). Selo Kyjdantsi. In Kolomyia i Kolomyjschyna: Zbirnyk spomyniv i statej pro nedavnie mynule (pp. 643—64). Filiadel’fiia; Kolomyia: Vydannia Komitetu Kolomyian [in Ukrainian].
Istoriia mist i sil Ukrainy. Ivano-Frankivs’ka oblast’. (1971). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Istoriia sela Yaseniv Pil’nyj. Z rozpovidej zhyteliv sela ta arkhivnykh materialiv. (2010). Ivano-Frankivs’k: Misto-NV [in Ukrainian].
Klodnyts’kyj, O. (1975). Tovmachchyna. Terytoriia, naselennia, pryrodni resursy i hospodarstvo. In Al’manakh Stanyslavivs’koi zemli (pp. 870—875). N’iu-Jork; Toronto; Miunkhen [in Ukrainian].
Kol’berh, O. (2006). Pokuttia. Etnohrafichnyj opys. Naukovi zapysky. Ivano-Frankivs’k: Lileia-NV. Issue. 9—10, 306—333 [in Ukrainian].
Kupchyns’kyj, B. (1994). Istoriia Tyshkivtsiv (v datakh, podiiakh i faktakh). Kolomyia: Vik [in Ukrainian].
Makohon, I. (1978). Hlushkiv. In Horodenschyna. Istorychno-memuarnyj zbirnyk (pp. 478—481). N’iu-Jork; Toronto; Vinnipeh [in Ukrainian].
Marunchak, M. (1978). Kolonizatsijni protsesy v Horodenschyni. In Horodenschyna. Istorychno-memuarnyj zbirnyk (pp. 70—87). N’iu-Jork; Toronto; Vinnipeh [in Ukrainian].
Mydlovs’kyj, L.V. (1988). Selo nad richkoiu Chorniavoiu — Rosokhach. In Kolomyia i Kolomyjschyna: Zbirnyk spomyniv i statej pro nedavnie mynule (pp. 716—723). Filiadel’fiia; Kolomyia: Vydannia Komitetu Kolomyian [in Ukrainian].
Mokhoruk, D. (2005). Selo moie Toporivtsi (Vol. 1). Sniatyn: Prut Prynt [in Ukrainian].
Nin’ovs’kyj, V. (1988). Kolomyia — stolychne misto Pokuttia. Istorychnyj narys. In Kolomyia i Kolomyjschyna: Zbirnyk spomyniv i statej pro nedavnie mynule (pp. 15—28). Filiadel’fiia; Kolomyia: Vydannia Komitetu Kolomyian [in Ukrainian].
Pasternak, Ya. (1975). Stanyslavivschyna u syvij davnyni. In Al’manakh Stanyslavivs’koi zemli (pp. 13—31). N’iu-Jork; Toronto; Miunkhen [in Ukrainian].
Roik, Yu. (1978). Descho pro Horodenschynu. In Horodenschyna. Istorychno-memuarnyj zbirnyk (pp. 95—104). N’iu-Jork; Toronto; Vinnipeh [in Ukrainian].
Romaniuk, Ya., & Romaniuk, L. (2012). Zaluchchia nad Cheremoshem. Sniatyn: Prut Prynt [in Ukrainian].
Rubinher, L. (1988). Descho pro stolytsiu Pokuttia. In Kolomyia i Kolomyjschyna: Zbirnyk spomyniv i statej pro nedavnie mynule (pp. 29—36). Filiadel’fiia; Kolomyia: Vydannia Komitetu Kolomyian [in Ukrainian].
K. B. R. (1988). Selo Kulachkivtsi. In Kolomyia i Kolomyjschyna: Zbirnyk spomyniv i statej pro nedavnie mynule (pp. 696—699). Filiadel’fiia; Kolomyia: Vydannia Komitetu Kolomyian [in Ukrainian].
Savchuk, M. (2002). Schitkarstvo. In Entsyklopediia Kolomyjschyny (Zshytok 14). Kolomyia: Vik [in Ukrainian].
Sil’s’kyj hospodar. (1938). L’viv [in Ukrainian].
Siredzhuk, P. (1994—1995). Z istorii zaselennia Horodenkivschyny. Yamhoriv. Literaturno-kraieznavchyj i mystets’kyj al’manakh, 78, 36—51. Ivano-Frankivs’k [in Ukrainian].
Siredzhuk, P. (2013). Inventar Sniatyna ta joho okolyts’ 1752 roku. Sniatyn. 6, 54—75 [in Ukrainian].
Stuparyk, B., Hladij, V., & Hladij, M. (1999). Selo za dibrovoiu. Istoryko-kul’turnyj narys pro Zadubrivtsi. Sniatyn: Prut Prynt [in Ukrainian].
Tymchuk, M. (1975). Hrushka. In Al’manakh Stanyslavivs’koi zemli (pp. 899—907). N’iu-Jork; Toronto; Miunkhen [in Ukrainian].
Tkachuk, Ya. (2013). Mystetstvo Pokuttia. In Istoryko-etnohrafichne ta mystets’ke zhyttia Pokuttia: mynule i s’ohodennia (pp. 56—70). Kolomyia: Vik [in Ukrainian].
Tokarchyk, F., & Fedorak, M. (1988). Selo Liucha. In Kolomyia i Kolomyjschyna: Zbirnyk spomyniv i statej pro nedavnie mynule (pp. 700—706). Filiadel’fiia; Kolomyia: Vydannia Komitetu Kolomyian [in Ukrainian].
Tomenchuk, B.P. (1993). Doslidzhennia derev’ianoi rotondy na davn’orus’komu horodyschi v Oleshkovi na Pruti. In Zapysky NTSh. Pratsi istoryko-filosofs’koi sektsii (Vol. CCXXV, pp. 87—96). L’viv [in Ukrainian].
Tomenchuk, B. (2005). Doslidzhennia derev’ianoi rotondy v s. Oleshkovi na Pruti. Sniatyn. 4, 54—66 [in Ukrainian].
Trachuk, K. (1978). Mistechko moie Chernelytsia. In Horodenschyna Istorychno-memuarnyj zbirnyk (pp. 469—474). N’iu-Jork; Toronto; Vinnipeh [in Ukrainian].
Uchytel’. (1893), 5 [in Ukrainian].
Figol’, S. (1975). Sche pro Tysmenytsiu i sil’tse Pohoniu. In Al’manakh Stanyslavivs’koi zemli (pp. 924—926). N’iu-Jork; Toronto; Miunkhen [in Ukrainian].
Kharyton, V. (2012). Naseleni punkty Sniatynschyny: Istorychne mynule, kul’turni tradytsii, personalii. Sniatyn: Prut Prynt [in Ukrainian].
Kharyton, V., & Tymofijchuk, M. (2003). Sniatyn nad Prutom. Sniatyn: Prut Prynt [in Ukrainian].
Tsiurak, M. (1978). Sokyrchyn. In Horodenschyna. Istorychno-memuarnyj zbirnyk (pp. 533—537). N’iu-Jork; Toronto; Vinnipeh [in Ukrainian].
Shevchenko, Ye. (1997). Narodna derevoobrobka v Ukraini. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Yasins’kyj, N. (1988). Selo Kovalivka. In Kolomyia i Kolomyjschyna: Zbirnyk spomyniv i statej pro nedavnie mynule (pp. 673—674). Filiadel’fiia; Kolomyia: Vydannia Komitetu Kolomyian [in Ukrainian].
Wójcicki, K.W. (1840). Stare gawędy i obrazy (Vol. II). Warszawa: Nakładem G. Sennewalda Księgarca.
Zabuti ta nevidomi metryky Kolomyi 30—60-kh rr. XVIII st. Retrieved from: http://kolomyya.org/histpub/historypub13.htm.

Read»

Our authors
Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »