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« 2018. #5 (143)

The Ethnology Notebooks, 2018, № 5 (143),  1176—1190

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2018.05.1176

Received  15.07.2018

CRAFT AND HANDICRAFT IN POKUTTIA

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7241-9466

Taras Yaroslav, doctor of History, professor, Candidate of Sciences in

in the Department of the modern ethnology

of the Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.

Svobody Avenue 15,  79000, Lviv, Ukraine.

Contacts: e-mail: etnomod@ukr.net

Abstrakt. The crafts and crafts from the Trypillya are considered, in the prince’s times — as a part of filvarky, castles, during the Polish and Austrian colonization of Galicia, in the Soviet Ukraine. The factors that influenced the development of crafts and handicrafts in Pokuttia are the following: natural, agricultural development, animal husbandry, colonization policy of Poland, Austria concerning the Ukrainian peasantry, ethnographic and economic­industrial exhibitions, and professional guilds. It was found out that crafts and handicrafts had a pronounced national division. It has been established that auxiliary crafts, which originally existed as small manual production, combined with agriculture, under favorable conditions become a rank of professional commodity crafts, become the main way of obtaining means of life. Under certain conditions, professional and specialized crafts and handicrafts return to a number of home production classes, can again go back to professional or existing in parallel.

Keywords: Pokuttia, Horodenka, Kolomyia, Tovmach, Sniatyn districts, crafts, handicrafts.

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