Archive

« 2018. #6 (144)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2018, 6 (144), 1589–1595

UDK 7.04. 029: 7 (477) “16-17”

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2018.06.1589

Received 21.11.2018

ORIGIN, STRUCTURE AND ICONOGRAPHY OF AKATHIST TO THE VIRGIN AND AKATHIST OF JESUS CHRIST IN THE UKRAINIAN ART OF THE XVII—XVIII CENTURIES

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0108-3317

Shyroka Оksana, Postgraduate student,

the Lviv National Academy of Arts,

38 Kubiiovycha Str., 79011, Lviv, Ukraine.

Contacts: Tel.: 0969319209, oksana.shiroka@gmail.com

Abstract. The article deals with the problems of the origin, structure and iconography of the Akathists of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Jesus Christ. Verseled texts of these two Akathists became the basis for their iconographic embodiment in the works of fine art. The general features of the structure and iconography are defined, the typology of the main motifs, plots and images of the Akathists of the Virgin and Christ based on examples of this iconography in the Ukrainian art of the XVII—XVIII centuries is singled out. The common and distinctive features of the structure and iconography of the Akathists of the Virgin Mary and Jesus Christ are analyzed. The influence of Western European art and theological literature on the Ukrainian iconography of the Akathists of the Virgin and Jesus Christ of the XVII—XVIII centuries was traced.

Keywords: Akathist of the Most Holy Mother of God, Akathist of Jesus Christ, kondak, icos, hayretism, praise of the Virgin.

REFERENCES

Akathist (1663). Kyiv, printing house of lavra. Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine. Kyiv, Kyr. 35. [Cyrillic script].
Akathists, Kyiv, printing house of lavra (1674). Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine. Kyiv, Kyr. 642 (2). [Cyrillic script].
Akathists with sticherons and canons. Kyiv, printing house of lavra. (1693). Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine. Kyiv, Kyr. 146 П [Cyrillic script].
Akathists with sticherons and canons (1699). Lviv, printing house of Brotherhood. Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine. Kyiv, Kyr. 637 [Cyrillic script].
Akathist to Virgin Mary (2010). Prayer book with psalter. Fourth edition, PW «Sviatogorec». Kiev ; Kharkiv ; Lviv [in Ukrainian].
Gromova, E.B. (2005). History of the Russian iconography of Akathis. Icon of «Praise of the Virgin with Akathist» from the Assumption Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin. Moscow: Indryk [in Russian].
Yulian Katrii (2004). Know your rite. Third edition, corrected and supplemented. Lviv: Monastery of St. Ivanivska Lavra, Publishing Department Svichado [in Ukrainian].
Kozlov, M. (1989). Akathist as a genre of church hymns. Akathist (Vol. 1, pp. 3—12). Moscow: YMP. Burn this book [in Russian].
Kozhushnyi, O.B. Akathist to the Blessed Virgin and hayretisms, as a characteristic feature of this hymnographic genre. Bulletin of the Kiev University named after. T. Shevchenko (pp. 40—47). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Liudogovskyi, F.B. (2015). Structure and poetics of Church Slavonic Akathists. Moskow: Institute of Slavic Studies of RAS [in Russian].
Ovsiichuk, V.A., & Krvavych, D.P. (2001). The story about the icon. Simferopol: Tavrida [in Ukrainian].
Popadopulo-Keramevs, A. (1903). Akathist of the Mother of God: Rus and Patriarch Photius. Byzantine Provisional (Vol. 10, pp. 380—381). St. Petersburg [in Russian].
Petrovskyi, A.V. Orthodox Theological Encyclopedia. Attachment to the spiritual journal «Wanderer» (Vol. 1, A pillar. 37). Petrograd [in Russian].
Popov, A.V. (1903). Orthodox Russian akathists, published with the blessing of the Holy Synod. The history of their origin and censorship, features of content and construction. Church Literary Research. Kazan [in Russian].
Psalter with the Inquisition (1495). Psalterium ecclesiosslavicum, cum officiis diversis. Tsetyn: Printing house Dzhrdzha Tsrnoenovycha, typographer hieromonk Macarius [Cyrillic script].
Serebriakova, M.S. (1985). On the placement of akafis compositions in the north-western corner of the cathedral of the Ferapontov Monastery. TODRL (Vol. 38) [in Russian].
Samsonova, I.V., & Krasylnykova, M.Y. (2015). Akathist in the Orthodox cultural tradition. Мodern Research on Social Problems (electronic scientific journal), 2 (46) [in Russian].
Triodion. Kyiv, printing house of the laurels (1627). Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine. Kyiv, Kyr. 7 [Cyrillic script].
Filatov, V.V. (1997). Dictionary of the isograph. Moskow: Orthodox St. Tikhon Theological Institute [in Russian].
Shchepkina, M.V., I.S., Duicheva (Ed. with introductory article). (1963). Bulgarian miniature XIV centuries. The study of the Psalteri Tomic. Moscow: Iskustvo [in Russian].

Read»

Our authors
Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »