Archive

« 2018. #6 (144)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2018, 6 (144), 1596–1602

UDK 7:2.7.01/.03.726.477

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2018.06.1596

Received 21.11.2018

CHURCHES OF GALICIA WITH DECORATIVE ANGULAR PYLONS AT THE END OF XIX CENTURY: THE GENESIS OF THE FORM

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8383-227X

Herii Oksana, Candidate of Sciences in Art Studies,

Senior Researcher,

Folk Art Department,

The Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.

15 Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine.

Contacts: Tel.: (032)297-01-57; e-mail: oheriy@ukr.net

Abstract. Artistic and stylistic features of the exterior of the group of churches in Galicia, built in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, with original decorative elements — the angular pillars of the piles, are considered in the article. The specifics of the distribution and use of the Neo-Byzantine style in the art of Europe in the middle of the nineteenth century is characterized. The artwork of the Austrian architect Teophil Hansen and its significance in the development of the sacred architecture of Ukrainians are analyzed.

Keywords: Neo-Byzantine style, Hansen Teofil, Vasyl Nahornyi, Sylvester Havryshkevych, House of Disabled Veterans in Lviv.

REFERENCES

Bobosh, H. (2000). Halyts’ki murovani trybanni tserkvy kintsia XIX — pochatku XX st. Visnyk NU «L’vivs’ka politekhnika», 410, 219—222 [in Ukrainian].
Bobosh, H. (2000). Stezhkamy zhyttia ta tvorchosti Vasylia Nahirnoho (1848—1921). The Ethnology Notebooks, 2, 347—355 [in Ukrainian].
Kislyh, T. (2013). Vizantijskij stil’ v arhitekture stran Evropy konca XIX — nachala XX veka. In Problemy stilevoj evoljucii i tipologii arhitektury (pp. 71—79). Sankt Peterburg: IZhSA im. I.E. Repina[in Russian].
Kishkinova, E. (2014). Metamorfozy Vizantijskoj paradigmy: Vizantijskij stil’ v arhitekture zapadnoj Evropy konca XIX — pervoj treti XX veka. Sovremennaja nauka: Aktual’nye problemy teorii i praktiki, 7—8, 21—35 [in Russian].
Kishkinova, E. (2016). Stilevaja transformacija arhitektury vizantinirujushhih hramov Rumynii: dialektika nacional’nogo i nadnacional’nogo. Nauchnyj zhurnal Kubanskogo GAU, 123 (9), 1—12 [in Russian].
Linda, S. (2008). Arkhitektura. In Yu. Biriul’ov (Ed.), Arkhitektura L’vova: Chas i styli. XIII—XXI st. (pp. 308—309, 326—327). L’viv: Tsentr Evropy [in Ukrainian].
Nahirnyj, V. (1935). Z moikh spomyniv. L’viv: nakl. Revizijnoho Soiuza Ukrains’kykh kooperatyv [in Ukrainian].
Nahirnyj, V. (1905). Kil’ka sliv v spravi budivel’ tserkovnykh. Dilo, 225, 1, 5 [in Ukrainian].
Rakochyj, Ya., & Borys, A. (2015). Ontolohiia tvorennia ukrains’kykh natsional’nykh atrybutiv u sakral’nij arkhitekturi Halychyny. Visnyk NU «L’vivs’ka politekhnika», 836, 247—254 [in Ukrainian].
Savel’ev, Yu. (2014). Neovizantyjskije motivy v arkhitekture Frantsii. Academia. Arkhitektura i stroitel’stvo, 2, 25—34 [in Russian].
Slobodian, V., Lev, Kh., & Filevych, N. (2013). 100 tserkov Nahirnykh: Tserkvy l’vivs’koho arkhitektora Vasylia Nahirnoho. L’viv [in Ukrainian].
Slobodian, V. (1998). Tserkvy Ukrainy: Peremys’ka ieparkhiia. L’viv: Naukove t‑vo im. T. Shevchenka [in Ukrainian].
Slobodianiuk, M. & Nahirniak, M. (2008). Dim vijs’kovykh invalidiv. In A. Kozyts’kyj (Ed.), Entsyklopediia L’vova (Vol. 2, pp. 95—96). L’viv: Litopys [in Ukrainian].
Bullen, J.B. (2003). Byzantium Rediscovered. London: Phaidon Press Ltd.
Haus, A. (2005). Schinkel Karl Friedrich. In Neue Deutsche Biographie (Vol. 22, pp. 795—798). Berlin: Duncker & Humblot.
Krasny, Р. (2004). Kaplica Domu Inwalidуw Wojskowych. Koscioly i klasztory rzymskokatolickie dawnego wojewodstwa Ruskiego, 12, 67—76 [in Polish].
Purchla, J. (1997). Architektura Lwowa i Krakowa a Wiedeс. Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagielloсskiego, 645: Prace Historyczne, 121, 354—355 [in Polish].

Read»

Our authors
Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »