« 2019. № 3 (147)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, № 3 (147), 758—766

UDK 94:[329.15-026.87:338.4](477.84)”1939/1941″
DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2019.03.758



ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000–0002–0805–6709

Ph.D, Associate Professor of the Department

of Pedagogy of the Higher School and

Social Sciences of the I.Ya.Horbachevsky

Maydan Volya, 46002, Ternopil, Ukraine

Contacts: е-mail: kravchuklv@tdmu.edu.ua

Abstract. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, communist slogans, holidays and other paraphernalia fell into oblivion. The proposed article reveals the devastating, inhuman nature of the communist socio-political, socio-economic life of the political system of the Stalinist regime in the occupied territories on the eve of the Soviet-German collision. Sovietization of Ternopil took place simultaneously with the elimination of Poland by destroying democratic European values, with the rigorous implantation of Stalin’s party-state policy, aimed at establishing an authoritarian administrative command-and-control system in the western Ukrainian region.

The term «sovietization» should be understood as the forcible introduction of norms and patterns, methods and forms of socio-political, socio-economic, and cultural-spiritual life characteristics of the totalitarian regime of the USSR. The main features of Sovietization are the use of military forces at the initial stage of its implementation; formation of administrative-command control system; authoritarian interference of the Communist Party organs in all spheres of life of the region; nationalization of industry and collectivization of agriculture. On the basis of nationalized industrial, financial, commercial and municipal objects, state enterprises were formed. The struggle against the communist system continued in the 70’s and 80’s, and the creation of the Ukrainian People’s Movement and other political and civil organizations accelerated the collapse of the Soviet empire in 1991.

By building up the independence of the Ukrainian state, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine in 2015 adopted the law «On the conviction of communist and national-socialist (nazi) totalitarian regimes in Ukraine and the prohibition of the promotion of their symbols». This archival document confirmed the right to a national idea and the condemnation, the opening of historical and political archives, the study of the totalitarian heritage and raising public awareness.

Keywords: сommunism, nationalization, Soviet power, peasant, rural economy, private property, industry, planning, accounting.

Received 27.05.2019


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