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« 2019. #3 (147)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, № 3 (147), 580—590

UDK 392.51 (477.86)
DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2019.03.580

LEAN SACK TO SACK, AND BAG TO BAG [«TULYSIA MICH DO MICHA, TORBA DO TORBY»] (PRE-WEDDING CUSTOMS IN POKUTTIA)

HOROSHKO-POHORETSKA Lesya

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8741-2467

Candidate of Historical Sciences (= Ph.D. in history)

Senior Researcher at the Ethnology Institute of

National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine

Contacts: Е-mail: horoshyna@gmail.com

Abstract. Wedding ceremony — a phenomenon that in various local varieties lasted to the present, therefore its research is always relevant. In view of this, the purpose of this article is to investigate series of custom-ritual and outlook phenomena relating to the creation of a new family. The object of the research is the traditional outlook and the custom-ritual culture of inhabitants of Pokuttia, and the subject — a pre-wedding cycle of wedding customs, that is, those ceremonial realities that preceded the wedding ceremony itself on the territory of Pokuttia. Among them — the courtship of a girl (home accompanying, visiting to her home, cross gifted), matchmaking (previous «zvidyny», ritual dialogues, signs of consent or refusal to matchmakers), «zlahoda» (discussion of the size of dowry), «zaruchyny», engagement (tying the hands of bride and groom together with a handkerchief), the «protocul» (examination before the priest for the knowledge of the prayers), church «opovidi» (public announcement of the intention of bride and groom to get married), the invitation to the wedding (the alternate of «zaprosyny» of the inhabitants of the same village, the traditional dress for the wedding invitation, the accompanying ceremonial dialogues, prohibition for groom and bride to meet at this time, a wedding invitation by others).

The basis for the research are the materials of the author’s field research during 2013—2014 in the villages of Ko­lomyjs’kyj, Gorodenkivs’kyj, Sniatyns’kyj, Tlumats’kyj and Tysmenyts’kyj districts of Ivano-Frankivs’k oblast’, and works of the end of nineteenth and the beginning of twenty-first centuries. The methodology of this work is based on general scientific methodological principles and the basic requirements that apply to the works of historical and ethnological direction.

It was found out that the ethnolocal version of the wedding customs of Pokuttia has specific Ukrainian features. At the same time it conserves the distinctive manifestation.

Key words: wedding, boy, girl, «kniaz’», «kniahynia», wed­ding customs, Pokuttia.

Received 22.03.2019

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