The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, № 5 (149), 1260—1267
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7703-5541
Candidate of Philological Sciences (Ph. D. in philology),
Senior Researcher at the Ethnology Institute of
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine
Abstract. The overall national picture in folklore always consists of a regional mosaic. Similarly, the national symbolic system of folklore appears as the sum of individual symbolic systems of regional traditions.The study of the regional character of symbolism of Ukrainian wedding songs has become possible today thanks to the existence of a relatively «dense grid» of field records (both ancient and modern), as well as in view of the long multi-vector and thorough understanding of «poetry of marriage» since the first half of the 19th century. The regional segment in the symbolic system is, at first, clearly not noticeable, such that it does not prevent the symbol from moving freely in space, does not obscure its meaning. It is possible to identify it only on the basis of comparative microanalysis of the wedding symbolic world of the regions on the scale of the Ukrainian folk symbolic tradition. Despite the permanent scientific interest of folklorists in Ukrainian wedding song, many texts from the national fund, especially with complex multi-layered symbolic structures, have remained without scientific interpretation and proper analysis in terms of their regional features and stage changes. The relevancy of the article is in fact an attempt to trace the movement of a particular wedding song, namely, a symbolic picture in it, in space and time. The aim of the article is to analyse the symbolism of the wedding song about the dream of the bride, in particular to find out the semantics of key symbols, to outline their paradigm based on different local and regional variants, to trace the stage changes in the imagery of the higher dream, and to identify trends and causes of such changes. The object of the study is a wedding song, spread throughout the territory of Ukraine, with a story about the bride’s dream, and the subject is a symbolic picture that unfolds during the retelling of the dream, its content, regional versions and the stage changes therein. The source of the work consists of texts of Ukrainian wedding songs (presented in the context of the rite or without it), which were published during the 19th—21st centuries in folklore collections, monograph studies and articles. There were also involved our own materials from Western Polissya (2000, 2005), Nadsyanya (2003), Precarpathian Podnistrovja (2003), East Podillya (2004, 2005, 2006), West Podillya (2006), Boykivshchyna(2006, 2007). The study used comparative, structural-semiotic and historical-genetic methods.
Keywords: wedding song, symbolic structure, prophetic dream of the bride, semantics, rite, black silk, silver-gold, falcons, viburnum.
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