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The Ethnology Notebooks. 2020. № 1 (151), 165—176

UDK75.049:728]:75.071.1(477)Дяченко](045)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2020.01.165

ARCHITECTURAL SKETCHES BY MYKHAYLO DYACHENKO

SHCHERBAN Anatoliy

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9530-6453

Doctor of Science in Culturology,

Ph.D. in History,

head of department of history, museology

and heritage study,Kharkiv State Academy of Culture,

4, Lowering of bursa, 61057, Kharkiv, Ukraine,

Contacts: e-mail: kozaks_1978@ukr.net

 

KOTLYAR Yevgen

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7698-418X

Ph.D. in Art History, Associated Professor,

Professor at the Department of Monumental Painting,

Kharkiv State Academy of Design and Art,

8, Str. of Arts, 61000, Kharkiv, Ukraine,

Contacts: e-mail: eugeny.kotlyar@gmail.com

Abstract. Summary: Introduction. The article is devoted to scientific and artistic heritage of Mykhaylo Dyachenko, an Ukrainian artist, publicist, ethnographer and educator who worked productively in these areas during 1909—1931. His biography, artistic and scientific achievements have only begun to be analyzed in recent years.

Problem Statement. In this article, for the first time, drawings of architectural structures made by a research artist during 1926—1928 in Cherkasy and Chernihiv districts are described. The names of all currently known images are listed. Attention is drawn to sketches of the synagogue in Cherkasy, Ukrainian folk and palace architecture of Pryluchyna, Chernihiv district.

Conclusion. The conclusion is made about important role of Danylo Shcherbakivsky in the implementation of analyzed activity by Mykhaylo Dyachenko. Mykhaylo Dyachenko’s place among Ukrainian architecture researchers is outlined. In particular, thanks to the drawings of the synagogue in Cherkasy, their author’s name was put in parallel with other Ukrainian scholars and museum workers of the 1920s—1930s, whose efforts formed a scientific base for monuments of Jewish material culture in Ukraine that were soon destroyed. Architectural sketches were made by Dyachenko in Pryluchyna as a result of field studies, during which the most outstanding samples of palace construction were recorded, as well as the most typical, characteristic and original samples of Ukrainian ethnic building in its general forms and individual details. So, he is considered to be one of the leading researchers in this field. Mykhaylo Dyachenko’s artistic heritage was analyzed against the background of biographical data explaining the reasons for interest in these regions.

Keywords: Mykhaylo Dyachenko, Danyla Shcherbakivsky, synagogue in Cherkasy, Pryluchyna, drawings.

Received 6.01.2020

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