« 2021. # 1 (157)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2021. # 1 (157), P. 163—169

УДК 726:2-523.4(477.44)


Natalia URSU

  • Doctor of Art Criticism, Professor,
  • Fine and Applied Arts and Artworks Restoration
  • Department, Kamianets-Podilskyi
  • Ivan Ohiіenko National University,
  • Ogienko Str., 61, Kamianets-Podilskyi,
  • Khmelnytsky region, 32301, Ukraine
  • e-mail:



  • Candidate of Art History, Associate Professor,
  • Department, Kamianets-Podilskyi
  • Ivan Ohiіenko National University,
  •  Ogienko Str., 61, Kamianets-Podilskyi,
  •  Khmelnytsky region, 32301, Ukraine
  • e-mail:

ANNUNCIATION OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY CHURCH IN VINNYTSIA: questions of history, existence and artistic heritage

The purpose of the article is to consider the Dominican monastery complex and the Church of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Vinnytsia in the Bratslav region (Podillya), which have so far remained out of the attention of scholars and researchers of sacred architecture and art. The research methodology includes a comparative analysis of archival and iconographic materials; methods of artistic and stylistic analysis and reconstruction are used. The scientific novelty of the work is that for the first time some iconographic materials from the National Museum of Krakow (Poland) and archival sources from the Russian State Historical Archive in St. Petersburg, which concern the history of the building and its existence, its religious affiliation, interior decoration, etc. Stages in the history of the origin of architectural construction are considered, the names of the beneficiaries and donors of the church are covered. According to the time of its creation, the building has Baroque stylistic features with layers of later reconstructions. Emphasis is placed on the spatial construction of the monastery, which is based on a strict relationship of functionality and form. The church in plan is a straight cross with a very short longitudinal «crossbar» — a transept. The temple is rectangular in plan, three-nave, six-foot. The interior contained a large number of altars painted on the wall.

Conclusions. The artistic work of the Dominicans in Eastern Podillya testifies to the combination, synthesis of two cultures — Ukrainian and Polish, the integration of mentality, spirituality and creativity, the dualistic nature of monuments, which was complemented by Western European influences brought by invited architects, sculptors, painters. Painters applied arts and adjusted by patrons and founders of the Dominican settlements. The construction of the temple was built in accordance with the requirements of the time and is an integral part of the sacred artistic heritage of Ukraine.

Keywords: Roman Catholic church, artistic heritage, church, monastery, Dominican order, architecture.


  • Shevchuk, V.O. (1990). The road is a thousand years old. Kyiv: Sov. author [in Ukrainian].
  • Kamyanets-Podilsky State City Archive (KPDMA). (1823). Field materials (P. 685). Roman Catholic Spiritual Consistory (Op. 4. File № 21) [in Ukrainian].
  • (1988). Materials of the Department of Historical Environment Reconstruction of the Department of Urban Planning and Architecture of the Vinnytsia Regional State Administration (Oh. 992) [in Ukrainian].
  • (1983—1986). Monuments of urban planning and architecture of the Ukrainian SSR: ill. reference book: (Vol. 1—4). Kyiv: Budivelnyk [in Russian].
  • Wolyniak, (M.J. Gizycki). (1923). List of Dominican monasteries of the Ruthenian province (Part   2). Krakow [in Polish].
  • Malakov, D.V. (1982). Across the East Hem. Moscow: Iskysstvo [in Russian].
  • (1828—1917). Russian State Historical Archive in St. Petersburg (RDIA). Field materials 821. Description 150. File  № 554. Vinnytsia Dominican Monastery. Facade and plan [in Russian].


Our authors
Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »