« 2021. # 1 (157)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2021. # 1 (157), P. 40—45

УДК [801.81:811.161.2’38]:001.891-042.2



  • Aspirant,
  • Rylsky Institute of Art Studies, Folklore and Ethnology,
  •  Str. Hrushevskoho, 4, Kyiv, Ukraine, 01011
  • e-mail:


Introduction. The notion «concept» remains rather disputable in contemporary linguistic and literary studies since there is still no unanimous scientifically justified interpretation.

Problem Statement. A concept is a concrete fixed and structured notion that emerges in the process of cognitive activity. In general, a concept may be any word that has a distinctly intangible, often abstract meaning and performs a nominative function. The relevance of researching the notion «concept» and the problems of their comparative analysis in folklore studies is determined by the fact that there are no clear criteria and factors for classifying concepts and determining their characteristic and differential features.

Purpose. The object of the research is the notion «concept» and modern approaches to its interpretation in linguistics, while the subject of the investigation is the concrete means of expressing the concept in folklore studies, where it is an artistic, informative and cognitive formation at the same time, since it is capable of not only expressing the essence of folk-poetic notions but also transforming and expressing specific images on the basis of associative links.

Methods. The author of the article employs mainly comparative-typological and historical-cultural methods.

Results. The concept is a complex structure that constitutes a synthesis of the individual author’s understanding of the tradition of its common usage, as well as with the universal, primordial or mythological world model. The determined concepts need to be compared and named depending on the sphere of their functioning, social perception, historical discourse, cognitive development, etc.

Conclusion. Based on an analysis of academic sources, it has been found that the most commonly used concepts in folklore include «love», «death», «longing», «laughter», «fear», «faith», «hope», «dream», «evil», etc. Concepts in the narrow sense exist in small folklore genres (paremias) and are limited by specific historical and social boundaries, whereas concepts in the structure of the song and calendar-ritual oral-poetic art are expressed at the levels of consciousness, worldview, historical notions, transformations, social stratification, cognitive and perceptual comprehension, etc.

Keywords: concept, conceptual sphere, folklore, analysis, understanding.


  • Selivanova, O. O. (2008). Modern Linguistics: Directions and Problems. Poltava: Dovkillia [in Ukrainian].
  • Zhabotinskaya, S. A. (2009). Concept / domain: matrix and network models. Kultura narodov Prichernomoria (vol. 168, pp. 254–261) [in Russian].
  • Kubryakova, E. (1996). A Concise Dictionary of Cognitive Terms. Moscow [in Russian].
  • Stepanov, Yu. S. (1997). Constants: Dictionary of Russian Culture. Research Experience. Moscow: Yazyki russkoy kultury [in Russian].
  • Grigoryev, A. A. (2003) Cultural sense of the concept: dissertation. Moscow [in Russian].
  • Sadovnikova, H. V. (2014). The relation between categories of concepts, concepts and meanings in cognitive terminology. Visnyk Kyivskoho natsionalnoho linhvistychnoho universytetu (vol. 1, pp. 156–164) [in Ukrainian].
  • Miahkota, I. (2011). From the history of the formation of Ukrainian folklore terminology. Visnyk Natsionalnoho universytetu «Lvivska politekhnika». Seriia «Problemy ukrainskoi terminolohii (vol. 709, pp. 96–102) [in Ukrainian].
  • Maslova, V. A. (2011). Introduction to cognitive linguistics. Moscow: Flinta [in Russian].
  • Sternin, I. A. (1981). Psychologically the real meaning of a word and its study. Psikholingvisticheskiye issledovaniya v oblasti leksiki i fonetiki. Kalinin (pp. 116–122) [in Russian].
  • Superanskaya, A. V., Podolskaya, N. V., Vasilyeva, N. V. (1989). General Terminology: Theory Questions. Moscow: Nauka [in Russian].
  • Emer, Yu. A. (2010). Folklore concept: a genre-discursive aspect. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ser. Filologiya (vol. 1 (9), pp. 91–99) [in Russian].
  • Makkormak, E. (1990). Cognitive Theory of Metaphor. Teo­riya metafory. Moscow: Progress (pp. 358–386) [in Russian].
  • Ivanovska, O. (2012). Ukrainian folklore: semantics and pragmatics of traditional meanings. Kyiv: Ekspres-Polihraf [in Ukrainian].
  • Kuzmenko, O. M. (2018). Folklore concept: definition of the term, structural parameters and types. Narodoznavch zoshyty (vol. 6 (144), pp. 1439–1447) [in Ukrainian].
  • Semenenko, V. P. (2009). The ideal image of a girl in Ukrainian folklore (based on folk poems). Literatura. Folklor. Problemy poetyky (vol. 32, pp. 376–383) [in Ukrainian].
  • Kononenko, V. (2004). Concepts of Ukrainian Discourse. Kyiv-Ivano-Frankivsk [in Ukrainian].


Our authors
On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »