« 2022. # 2 (164)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2022. № 2 (164), 460—472

UDK [930.2:[378.4.016:39]](477.83-25ЛНУім.І.Франка)”189/193″

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2022.02.460

PECULIARITIES OF TEACHING ANTHROPOLOGY AT LVIV UNIVERSITY AT THE END OF THE 19th — IN THE FIRST THIRD OF THE 20th CENTURY

TARNAVSKYI Roman

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7817-6730
  • Doctor of Sciences in the field of History,
  • Associate Professor of the Department of Ethnology,
  • Ivan Franko National University of Lviv,
  • 1, Universytetska Str., 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: е-mail: roman.tarnavskyi@lnu.edu.ua

Abstract. Anthropological studies are an important component of folk studies, because without coverage of the anthropological features of the ethnos, its complex characteristics are impossible.In the first third of the 20th century, one of the leading anthropological centers in Europe was Lviv University, where in particular the Lviv Anthropological School of Professor Jan Czekanowski was formed.In publications about the scientist, the main attention is paid to his scientific works. This determines the relevance of the topic of the proposed article, the purpose of which is a comprehensive description of the peculiarities of teaching anthropological disciplines at the University of Lviv since the late 19th century (when the relevant courses first appear in the educational process) until 1939 (before the transformation of the university during the Soviet occupation of Lviv).

The object of the research are anthropological courses of teachers of Lviv University — Benedykt Dybowski, Ivan Rakovskyi, Jan Czekanowski, Bolesіaw Rosiсski, Stanisіaw Klimek. The subject of research is the topics and content of the relevant courses, their features in comparison with anthropological disciplines in other university centers of anthropology (in particular, with the Jagiellonian and Poznan universities).

The source base of the research is the official statistical and reference publications of Lviv University for the 1890s—1930s, as well as the works of its teachers. These sources are processed using comparative-historical and typological methods.

As a result of the study, the following conclusions were made. The first anthropological lectures at the University of Lviv were given by B. Dybowski within the field of «Zoology» (at the end of the 19th century they were attended by a student of the Faculty of Philosophy, I. Rakovskyi). Lecture courses on anthropology by I. Rakovskyi already as a teacher of Ukrainian university courses and the Ukrainian University in Lviv belonged to the direction of «Natural Sciences». Consideration of anthropological issues within the natural or medical sciences has been traditional for many universities, including Jagiellonian and Poznaс. Instead, J. Czekanowski at Lviv University focused mostly on his anthropological disciplines on humanities students. This tradition was adopted by his student K. Stojanowski as an associate professor at the Faculty of Humanities of the University of Poznaс.

In the courses of methodological orientation, J. Czekanowski and his students singled out quantitative methods during anthropological research.

Keywords: anthropology, Lviv University, lectures, practical classes, Benedykt Dybowski, Ivan Rakovskyi, Jan Czekanowski, Bolesіaw Rosiсski, Stanisіaw Klimek.

Received 28.01.2022

REFERENCES

  • (1913). Emperor Francis I University in Lviv. Program of lectures for the winter semester of 1913/1914 academic year. Lviv: First Union Printing House [in Polish].
  • (1914). Emperor Francis I University in Lviv. The lecture program for the summer semester of 1913/1914 academic year. Lviv: First Union Printing House [in Polish].
  • (1914). Emperor Francis I University in Lviv. Program of lectures for the winter semester of 1914/1915 academic year. Lviv: First Union Printing House [in Polish].
  • (1915). Emperor Francis I University in Lviv. Program of lectures for the winter semester of 1915/1916 academic year. Lviv: First Union Printing House [in Polish].
  • (1916). Emperor Francis I University in Lviv. The lecture program for the summer semester of 1915/1916 academic year. Lviv: First Union Printing House [in Polish].
  • (1916). Emperor Francis I University in Lviv. Program of lectures for the winter semester of 1916/1917 academic year. Lviv: First Union Printing House [in Polish].
  • (1917). Emperor Francis I University in Lviv. The lecture program for the summer semester of 1916/1917 academic year. Lviv: First Union Printing House [in Polish].
  • (1917). Emperor Francis I University in Lviv. Program of lectures for the winter semester of 1917/1918 academic year. Lviv: First Union Printing House [in Polish].
  • (1918). Emperor Francis I University in Lviv. The program of lectures for the summer semester of 1917/1918 academic year. Lviv: First Union Printing House [in Polish].
  • (1918). Emperor Francis I University in Lviv. Program of lectures for the winter semester of 1918/1919 academic year. Lviv: First Union Printing House [in Polish].
  • (1919). University in Lviv. Program of lectures in the winter semester of the 1919/1920 academic year. Lviv: First Union Printing House [in Polish].
  • (1920). Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv. Program of lectures in the summer semester (3rd trimester) of the 1919/1920 academic year. Lviv: First Union Printing House [in Polish].
  • (1920). Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv. Program of lectures in the 1st and 2nd trimester of the 1920/1921 academic year. Lviv: First Union Printing House [in Polish].
  • (1921). Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv. Program of lectures in the 1st and 2nd trimester of the 1921/1922 academic year. Lviv: First Union Printing House [in Polish].
  • (1922). Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv. Program of lectures in the 3rd trimester of the 1921—1922 academic year. Lviv: First Union Printing House [in Polish].
  • (1922). Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv. Program of lectures in the 1st and 2nd trimester of the 1922/1923 academic year. Lviv: First Union Printing House [in Polish].
  • (1923). Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv. Program of lectures in the 3rd trimester of the 1922/1923 academic year. Lviv: First Union Printing House [in Polish].
  • (1923). Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv. Program of lectures in the 1923/1924 academic year. Lviv: First Union Printing House [in Polish].
  • (1924). Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv. Program of lectures at the Faculty of Philosophy in the 3rd trimester of the 1923/1924 academic year. Lviv: First Union Printing House [in Polish].
  • (1924). Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv. Program of lectures in the 1924/1925 academic year. Lviv: First Union Printing House [in Polish].
  • (1925). Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv. Program of lectures in the 1925/1926 academic year. Lviv: First Union Printing House [in Polish].
  • (1926). Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv. Program of lectures in the 1926/1927 academic year. Lviv: First Union Printing House [in Polish].
  • (1927). Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv. Program of lectures in the 1927/1928 academic year. Lviv: First Union Printing House [in Polish].
  • (1928). Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv. Program of lectures in the 1928/1929 academic year. Lviv: First Union Printing House [in Polish].
  • (1929). Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv. Program of lectures in the 1929/1930 academic year. Lviv: First Union Printing House [in Polish].
  • (1930). Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv. Program of lectures in the 1930/1931 academic year. Lviv: First Union Printing House [in Polish].
  • (1931). Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv. Program of lectures in the 1931/1932 academic year and the staff of the University in the 1930/1931 and 1931/1932 academic years. Lviv: Scientific printing house [in Polish].
  • (1932). Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv. Program of lectures and the staff of the University in the 1932/1933 academic year. Lviv: Scientific printing house [in Polish].
  • (1933). Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv. Program of lectures in the 1933/1934 academic year. Lviv: Scientific printing house [in Polish].
  • (1934). Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv. Program of lectures in the 1934/1935 academic year. Lviv: Scientific printing house [in Polish].
  • (1935). Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv. Program of lectures in the 1935/1936 academic year. Lviv: Scientific printing house [in Polish].
  • (1936). Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv. Program of lectures in the 1936/1937 academic year. Lviv: Scientific printing house [in Polish].
  • (1937). Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv. Program of lectures in the 1937/1938 academic year. Lviv: Scientific printing house [in Polish].
  • (1938). Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv. Program of lectures in the 1938/1939 academic year. Lviv: Scientific printing house [in Polish].
  • (1939). Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv. Program of lectures in the 1939/1940 academic year. Lviv: First Union Printing House [in Polish].
  • (1919). Jagiellonian University in Krakow. Program of lectures in the winter semester of the 1919/1920 academic year. Krakow: Printing House of the Jagiellonian University [in Polish].
  • (1920). Jagiellonian University in Krakow. Program of lectures in the summer semester of the 1919/1920 academic year. Krakow: Printing House of the Jagiellonian University [in Polish].
  • (1920). Jagiellonian University in Krakow. Program of lectures in the winter semester of the 1920/1921 academic year. Krakow: Printing House of the Jagiellonian University [in Polish].
  • (1921). Jagiellonian University in Krakow. Program of lectures in the summer semester (III trimester) of the 1920/1921 academic year. Krakow: Printing House of the Jagiellonian University [in Polish].
  • (1921). Jagiellonian University in Krakow. Program of lectures in the 1921/1922 academic year (three trimesters). Krakow: Printing House of the Jagiellonian University [in Polish].
  • (1922). Jagiellonian University in Krakow. Program of lectures in the 1922/1923 academic year (three trimesters). Krakow: Printing House of the Jagiellonian University [in Polish].
  • (1923). Jagiellonian University in Krakow. Program of lectures in the 1923/1924 academic year (three trimesters). Krakow: Printing House of the Jagiellonian University [in Polish].
  • (1924). Jagiellonian University in Krakow. Program of lectures in the 1924/1925 academic year (three trimesters). Krakow: Printing House of the Jagiellonian University [in Polish].
  • (1925). Jagiellonian University in Krakow. Program of lectures in the 1925/1926 academic year (three trimesters). Krakow: Printing House of the Jagiellonian University [in Polish].
  • (1926). Jagiellonian University in Krakow. Program of lectures in the 1926/1927 academic year (three trimesters). Krakow: Printing House of the Jagiellonian University [in Polish].
  • (1927). Jagiellonian University in Krakow. Program of lectures in the 1927/1928 academic year (three trimesters). Krakow: Printing House of the Jagiellonian University [in Polish].
  • (1928). Jagiellonian University in Krakow. Program of lectures in the 1928/1929 academic year (three trimesters). Krakow: Printing House of the Jagiellonian University [in Polish].
  • (1929). Jagiellonian University in Krakow. Program of lectures in the 1929/1930 academic year (three trimesters). Krakow: Printing House of the Jagiellonian University [in Polish].
  • (1930). Jagiellonian University in Krakow. Program of lectures in the 1930/1931 academic year (three trimesters). Krakow: Printing House of the Jagiellonian University [in Polish].
  • (1931). Jagiellonian University in Krakow. Program of lectures in the 1931/1932 academic year (three trimesters). Krakow: Printing House of the Jagiellonian University [in Polish].
  • (1932). Jagiellonian University in Krakow. Program of lectures in the 1932/1933 academic year (three trimesters). Krakow: Printing House of the Jagiellonian University [in Polish].
  • (1933). Jagiellonian University in Krakow. Program of lectures in the 1933/1934 academic year (three trimesters). Krakow: Printing House of the Jagiellonian University [in Polish].
  • (1934). Jagiellonian University in Krakow. Program of lectures in the 1934/1935 academic year (three trimesters). Krakow: Printing House of the Jagiellonian University [in Polish].
  • (1935). Jagiellonian University in Krakow. Program of lectures in the 1935/1936 academic year (three trimesters). Krakow: Printing House of the Jagiellonian University [in Polish].
  • (1936). Jagiellonian University in Krakow. Program of lectures in the 1936/1937 academic year (three trimesters). Krakow: Printing House of the Jagiellonian University [in Polish].
  • (1937). Jagiellonian University in Krakow. Program of lectures in the 1937/1938 academic year (three trimesters). Krakow: Printing House of the Jagiellonian University [in Polish].
  • (1938). Jagiellonian University in Krakow. Program of lectures in the 1939/1939 academic year (three trimesters). Krakow: Printing House of the Jagiellonian University [in Polish].
  • (1919). University of Poznan. Program of lectures in the fall semester of 1919. Poznan: Printing House of the University of Poznan [in Polish].
  • (1920). University of Poznan. Program of lectures in the winter semester of 1920. Poznan: Printing House of the University of Poznan [in Polish].
  • (1920). University of Poznan. Program of lectures in the summer semester of 1920. Poznan: Printing House of the University of Poznan [in Polish].
  • (1920). University of Poznan. Program of lectures in the first semester of the 1920/1921 academic year. Poznan: Printing House of the University of Poznan [in Polish].
  • (1921). University of Poznan. Program of lectures in the first trimester of the 1921/1922 academic year. Poznan: Printing House of the University of Poznan [in Polish].
  • (1926). University of Poznan. Program of lectures in the 1, 2, 3 trimesters of the 1926/1927 academic year. Poznan: Printing House of the University of Poznan [in Polish].
  • (1931). University of Poznan. Program of lectures in the 1, 2, 3 trimesters of the 1931/1932 academic year. Poznan: Printing House of the University of Poznan [in Polish].
  • (1932). University of Poznan. Program of lectures and staff of the University in the 1932/1933 academic year. Poznan: Printing House of the University of Poznan [in Polish].
  • (1933). University of Poznan. Program of lectures and staff of the University in the 1933/1934 academic year. Poznan: Printing House of the University of Poznan [in Polish].
  • (1934). University of Poznan. Program of lectures and staff of the University in the 1934/1935 academic year. Poznan: Printing House of the University of Poznan [in Polish].
  • (1935). University of Poznan. Staff of the University and program of lectures in the 1935/1936 academic year. Poznan: Printing House of the University of Poznan [in Polish].
  • (1936). University of Poznan. Staff of the University and program of lectures in the 1936/1937 academic year. Poznan: Printing House of the University of Poznan [in Polish].
  • (1937). University of Poznan. Program of lectures in the 1937/1938 academic year. Poznan: Printing House of the University of Poznan [in Polish].
  • (1938). University of Poznan. Program of lectures in the 1938/1939 academic year. Poznan: Printing House of the University of Poznan [in Polish].
  • State Archives of the Lviv Region. Fund 26. Description 15. Case 717 (Absolutoriums, 1870s—1890s) [in Polish].
  • State Archives of the Lviv Region. Fund 26. Description 15. Case 719 (Absolutoriums, 1900s—1910s) [in Polish].
  • State Archives of the Lviv Region. Fund 26. Description 15. Case 721 (Absolutoriums, 1900s—1920s) [in Polish].
  • State Archives of the Lviv Region. Fund 26. Description 15. Case 724 (Absolutoriums, 1900s—1920s) [in Polish].
  • State Archives of the Lviv Region. Fund 26. Description 15. Case 783 (Absolutoriums, 1920s, 106) [in Polish].
  • State Archives of the Lviv Region. Fund 26. Description 15. Case 784 (Absolutoriums, 1920s, 61) [in Polish].
  • Mudryi, V. (1999). Competitions for Ukrainian universities in Galicia. Lviv; New York: Shevchenko Scientific Society [in Ukrainian].
  • Holovatskyi, I. (2004). Ivan Rakovskyi (1874—1949). Biographical and bibliographical essay. Lviv: Shevchenko Scientific Society [in Ukrainian].
  • Rakovskyi, I. (2004). History and natural sciences. Ivan Holovatsky. Ivan Rakovskyi (1874—1949). Biographical and bibliographical essay (Pp. 91—109). Lviv: Shevchenko Scientific Society [in Ukrainian].
  • Rakovskyi, I. (2004). Raciality of Ukrainians. Ivan Holovatsky. Ivan Rakovskyi (1874—1949). Biographical and bibliographical essay (Pp. 110—116). Lviv: Shevchenko Scientific Society [in Ukrainian].
  • Czekanowski, J. (1922). Anthropology, ethnology, prehistory. People, 21, 3—16 [in Polish].
  • Studynskyi, K. (1929). Materials for the biography of Fedir Vovk. Correspondence of Fedir Vovk with Ol. Barvinskyi (in 1891 and 1900—3). Notes of the Shevchenko Scientific Society, 150, 405—427 [in Ukrainian].
  • Khv. V. [Khvedir Vovk]. (1899). From the Editorial Board (Something about the current state and tasks of Ukrainian ethnology). Materials on Ukrainian-Ruthenians ethnology, 1, V–XIX [in Ukrainian].
  • Czekanowski, J. (1913). Outline of statistical methods: applied to anthropology. Warsaw: Scientific Society of Warsaw, Rubieszewski and Wrotnowski [in Polish].
  • Stoіyhwo, K. (1925). On research into the races of anthropological populations. People, 24, 202—225 [in Polish].
  • Patsai, T. (2014). Activities of Boleslaw Rosinski at the Department of Anthropology of Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv. Ethnic History of the Peoples of Europe, 43, 15—20 [in Ukrainian].
  • Tarnavskyi, R. (2016). Anthropological Direction of Slavic Studies in Lviv University During 1920—1930 Years. Problems Of Slavonic Studies, 65, 178—184 [in Uk­rainian].
  • Museum of History of Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Ukrainian University in Lviv: classes in the second semester of 1920/21 (copy) [in Ukrainian].
  • Rataj, A. (2010). Julian Talko-Hryncewicz (1850—1936). Polish ethnographers and folk scholars: biographical sketches (Vol. III, pp. 236—241). Wroclaw; Krakow: Polish Ethnological Society; Branch of Polish Ethnological Society in Krakow [in Polish].

Read»

Our authors
Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »