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The Ethnology Notebooks. 2022. № 4 (166), 885—896

UDK 930.2:[392.8 :664.6:7.011.26](=161.2)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2022.04.885

THE STUDY SOURCE BASE OF RITUAL BREAD OF UKRAINIANS

HERUS Lyudmyla

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5931-3816
  • Doctor of Sciences in History,
  • Сandidate of Аrts (Ph. D), Head of Department,
  • The Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy
  • of Sciences of Ukraine,
  • Department of Folk Art,
  • 15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: ludmilagerus@gmail.com

Abstract. Introduction. The worldview fundamentals of the bread being in the traditional culture of Ukrainians are based on the awareness of the exceptionally high place of the bread in the Ukrainian cultural values hierarchy — an ethnic group with long-standing and developed experience in agriculture. The study of ritual bread creates a convincing basis for strengthening preservation and representation of existing and reviving its extinguished cultural and artistic heritage. Of particular importance for scientific research is the outline and analysis of the declared problem or topic source base.

The article purpose is the comprehensive coverage of the source base to study the ritual bread of Ukrainians. To achieve the goal, it is necessary to solve the following research tasks: to identify and characterize the main groups of sources, and to show their importance for a thorough disclosure of the issue. The object of research is a process of historical thought development, as well as the researchers` works the main subject of which consists in the study of rituals and customs of Ukrainians, the subject — the sources array which accumulates optimal information about the ritual bread of Ukrainians.

Bibliographical methods for collecting information and its theoretical analysis, systematization, and generalization were used.

Conclusion. A chronological review of the sources shows the dynamics of interest in collecting and studying materials about the functioning of bread in the rituals of Ukrainians among local historians, ethnologists, historians, cultural experts, and art historians. A significant volume of found sources makes it possible to specify the bread spread territorial in general and its individual types in the ritual practices of Ukrainians, to identify their local variants. The identified and analyzed source array of materials, different in origins and information potential, necessary for the ritual bread study, can be divided into verbal (printed, handwritten, oral), visual (artifacts, works of painting and graphics, photographs), and behavioral (making process, application) groups.

Keywords: ritual bread, source base, artifact, heritage, museum, culture.

Received 1.09.2022

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