« 2022. # 4 (166)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2022. № 4 (166), 897—909

UDK 27-523.47-526.62(477.86-21)”16/17″

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2022.04.879

THE 1675 PASSION OF THE CHRIST ICON FROM THE CHURCH OF ST. NIKOLAS IN KAMYANKA-BUZKA (LVIV REGION): ICONOGRAPHY AND ATTRIBUTION

KOSIV Roksolana

  • ORCID ID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1202-1488
  • Doctor in Art Studies, Head of Sacral Art Department,
  • Lviv National Academy of Arts,
  • 38, Kubiiovycha Street, 79011, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • National Museum in Lviv named after Andrey Sheptytskyi,
  • Senior scholar,
  • 20, Svobody avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: lanakosiv@yahoo.com

Abstract. Problem statement. Studyof the activity of professional icon painters who worked in the 17th century and localized in Lviv and smaller towns near to it — Kamyanka-Buzka and Zhovkva still remains a priority of art historians. These masters, as it is known, were the leaders in establishing new «fashionable» directions in Ukrainian iconpainting, and iconpainters from other areas looked up to them. If larger ensembles of icons and iconostases, associated with the work of Lviv and Zhovka masters of the 17th century were studied and are well-known, some icons made in the same or similar manner still deserve attention. Such is the Passion of Christ icon of 1675, which comes from the church of St. Nicholas in Kamianka-Buzka, Lviv Region and it is stored at the National Museum in Lviv named after Andrey Sheptytskyi.

The purpose of the articleis to study the Passion of Christ icon of 1675 from the Church of St. Nicholas in Kamianka-Buzka and to introduce it into the context of the activities of icon painters from Lviv, Kamianka-Buzka and Zhovkva.

The methods of formal and iconographic analysis, the method of reconstruction and the method of researching the cultural context were applied.

Conclusions. The 1675 Passion of Christ icon from the church of St. Nikolas in Kamianka-Buzka, as well as the Kamianka-Buzka Passion of Christ icon of 1673 by Matei Domaradskyi, is an important source for revealing the activities of the masters of the Kamianka-Buzka and Zhovkva areas, their artistic contacts, common sources of iconography and stylistics of painting. There is a noticeable common features between the iconpainting of the author of the Passion of Christ icon of 1675 from Kamianka-Buzka and Lviv and Zhovka masters who were oriented towards the Western European patterns. On the basis of archival sources, preserved icons of Apostols from the iconostasis from St. Nikolas church in Kamianka-Buzka and in a comparison with the iconpainting manner of Ivan Rutkovych, who could be an apprentice to the author of the 1675 Passion icon, we hypothetically attribute the studied icon, and some other works, mainly Apostols from the Deesis tier of the iconostasis from the church in Yarychiv, to Kamianka-Buzka painter Roman Mohylnytskyi.

Keywords: icon, church, Passion of Christ, iconpainting center, church art, Kamianka-Buzka, painter Roman Mohylnytskyi.

Received 7.07.2022

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