« 2022. # 4 (166)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2022. № 4 (166), 790—797

UDK 930.2:39(477)-051

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2022.04.790

THROUGH THE PRISM OF ETHNIC LIFE: FROM THE CREATIVE IDEAS OF HANNA HORYN

SAPELYAK Oksana

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8111-6563
  • Candidate of Historical Sciences, Senior Research Associate,
  • Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
  • Department of Modern Ethnology,
  • Active Member of the  Shevchenko Scientific Society,
  • Prospekt Svoboda, 15, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: oksana.sapelyak@gmail.com

Abstract. Historiography is an important area of ​​Ukrainian ethnological science. However, monographic investigations of the creativity of Ukrainian scientists, which have been silenced for many years, are extremely insufficient, so now it should take a priority place in the research work of researchers. It is about the urgent need to spread knowledge about personalities of Ukrainian culture. After all, from 1933, domestic science, in particular ethnology, was declared nationalistic by the Soviet regime. The Ukrainian Academy of Sciences in Kyiv was destroyed, and ethnologists came under severe repression: persecution, executions and prisons.

In Lviv, where it operated from 1893  in fact, the All-Ukrainian Academy of Sciences — Shevchenko Scientific Society  during the occupation (1914-1915), scientific activity was prohibited, many materials were destroyed. With the arrival of the Soviets in Galicia in 1939  the activity of NTSH was stopped, the property was confiscated. After the Second World War, ethnological research in Lviv began to be conducted in the Museum of Ethnography and Artistic Craft created by the authorities under the close supervision of communist ideologues, who theoretically «directed» all publications to prove the unity of the «fraternal» Russian and Ukrainian peoples, the need for mutual penetration of their cultures, «benefits» influence of Russian scientific thought on Ukrainian.

Therefore, studying the activities of Ukrainian ethnologists is one of the undesirable, actually forbidden topics. Only the proclamation of the restoration of the Independence of Ukraine created the conditions for the removal of the thematic «Procrustean bed». Although, in the harsh conditions of ideological pressure, Ukrainian ethnologists managed to preserve the national character of their works, to choose permits for studies of subjects necessary for the preservation of knowledge of folk culture, is a question that is of considerable interest and requires detailed study.

After all, we are talking about half a century of hard work during the difficult time of denationalization: ethnographic and folklore material was recorded, the museum’s rich collection was preserved and replenished with valuable artifacts of national culture, Ukrainian folk culture was popularized… One of the scientists of that period, who worked tirelessly in the direction of identifying specifically national characteristics of Ukrainian towns and villages was Anna Horyn. The object of this publication is to outline the scientist’s contribution to ethnological science, and the subject is her publication. The methodological basis is the principle of historicism and analysis. Using the method of historical-systemic analysis, the importance for Ukrainian science and culture of highlighting the personalities of Ukrainian ethnologists, in particular the activities of Anna Horyn, has been clarified.

Keywords: ethnology, historiography, ethnic life, personalities, national culture and science.

Received 9.07.2022

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