« 2023. # 4 (172)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2023. № 4 (172), 1103—1110

UDK 398.332.4(=161.2) 

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2023.04.1103

FOLK RELIGIOSITY IN THE UKRAINIAN’S CALENDRICAL RITES: THE MIRACLE OF ST. MICHAEL (PRECONDITIONS FOR THE PRE-CHRISTMAS AND NEW YEAR PERIOD)

DIAKIV Volodymyr

  • ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9513-4364
  • PhD of Philological Sciences, Senior Researcher Fellow at the Ethnology Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine;
  • Lviv Polytechnic National University,
  • department of the Ukrainian language
  • Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences,
  • 12, Bandera street, 79013, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: d.v.m.1029@gmail.com

Abstract. Introduction. The relevance of this paper is conditioned by the need to explore the folk and religious beliefs and views of Ukrainians associated with the Feast of the Miracle of St. Michael in the context of the preconditions for the Christmas and New Year period in calendrical rites.

Problem Statement. The subject matter of the study is the folk calendrical rituals of Ukrainians associated with the Feast of the Miracle of St. Michael, particularly the traditional calendrical rituals. The scope of the study is the specific manifestations of folk Christian religiosity in these rituals.

Purpose. The purpose of the outlined work is to highlight the folk and religious views and beliefs inherent in the traditional early winter period, to determine the traditions framework and further transformations, and the peculiarities of the development of ideological, substantial, and structural components, elements, and details.

Materials and Methods. The source base of the paper comprises mainly archive materials and field data, as well as academic literature on this topic. The main methods were comparative typological and culture-historical ones, as well as elements of structural and typological, geographical, and other methods of Ethnology.

Results. Based on the archive materials and field references, the development of particular folk religiosity in the traditional calendrical rituals of Ukrainians is analyzed in the context of the preconditions for the pre-Christmas and New Year period.

Conclusion. From a historical and ethnological perspective, in Ukrainian science, there’s relatively little research on the Feast of the Miracle of St. Michael.

The preconditions for the pre-Christmas and New Year period in Ukrainians’ traditional calendrical rituals begin as early as during the autumn period, including on the Feast of the Miracle of St. Michael. Against the backdrop of the preconditions for the pre-Christmas and New Year period, a specific development of a particular folk religiosity is observed in Ukrainians’ traditional calendrical rituals as early as on this Feast of the Miracle of St. Michael. This is confirmed by the folk and religious views and beliefs representative of the traditional early winter period, in particular those associated with the observance of the rules of godly behavior, due respect for the Feast, and the appropriate celebration of the Feast of the Miracle of St. Michael, etc.

Keywords: the Feast of the Miracle of St. Michael, folk religiosity, calendar rituality, functioning, beliefs.

Received 4.07.2023

REFERENCES

  • Dyakiv, V. (2019). Feast of saint Simeon: folk religiosity in traditional calendar ritualism of Ukrainians against the background of pre-New Year and pre-Christmas period. The Ethnology Notebooks, 2 (146), 293—302. DOI: 10.15407/nz2019.02.293 [in Ukrainian].
  • Shukhevych, V. (1904). Hutsulshchyna. Fourth part. XVII: Church rituals. Materials for Ukrainian ethnology (Vol. VII, pp. 1—272) [in Ukrainian].
  • Dykarev, М. (1905). Folk calendar of Valyki Uyezd (Borisovo Volost) in Voronezh region. Materials for Ukrainian ethnology (Vol. VI, pp. 114—204) [in Ukrainian].
  • Stishova, N. (2011). Custom and ritual culture of Slobozhanshchyna in the calendar holidays of the autumn cycle of the Ukrainians (based on folklore ethnographic field research). Calendar Rituals in the Life of an Ethnic Group. Collection of scientific papers (Pp. 305—313) [in Ukrainian].
  • Onyschuk, A. (1912). Folk calendar. Customs and beliefs are tied to single days of the year, recorded in 1907—10 in Zelenytsia, Nadvirnyansky district. Antin Onyshchuk, people. teacher. Materials for Ukrainian ethnology (Vol. XV, pp. 1—61) [in Ukrainian].
  • Shekeryk-Donykiv, P. (2009). The year in Hutsul beliefs. Selected works. Verkhovyna [in Ukrainian].

Read»

Our authors
On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »